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  • Locusts are grasshoppers - with unusual superpowers.  When triggered by overcrowding they literally

    蝗蟲是一種蚱蜢 -- 有著不同尋常的超強力量。當它們被過度繁殖的壓力所激發時,

  • transform themselves - changing from green to brown, eating more, getting muscular, mating

    祂們自身會發生轉變 -- 從綠色變為棕色,吃得更多、長出更多肌肉、

  • more, and congregating in crowds. Then, their shy alteregos forgotten, they swarm across

    更頻繁地交配並成群地聚在一起。接著,牠們的隱性交替型態就被遺忘了、它們成群穿梭於地表之中、

  • the landscape, searching for food, colonizing and recolonizing breeding grounds, and being

    尋找食物、稱霸並再次稱霸適合繁殖的土地,令人討厭。

  • a general nuisance. There are about a dozen locust species on

    全世界的蝗蟲大約有 12 個品種,

  • Earth, and only one has been found in North America: the Rocky Mountain locust, which

    而且只有一種在北美洲被發現 : 洛磯山蝗蟲。

  • devastated crops across the Great Plains from 1850 to 1880. The fact that the locusts preferred

    自 1850 到 1880 年,這種蝗蟲摧毀了大平原中的農作物。蝗蟲偏好傳統農作物更勝於草原的事實

  • cultivated crops to prairie grasses ensured that their massive swarms caught the attention

    使它們超大的族群引起了白人移民的注意...

  • of white settlers... though really, the locusts would have been hard to miss.

    但說實在的,蝗蟲也很難不被發現。

  • One observer in Nebraska in 1875 watched a mile-high stream of locusts pass overhead

    1875 年,一位觀察者在內布拉斯加州觀測到一個高約一英里的蝗蟲遷徙流自上頭飛過,

  • for 5 days straight.  Together with telegraphed reports from neighboring towns, he estimated

    連續五天。由隔壁村鎮傳來的電報合併來看,他預估

  • the swarm to be 110 miles wide and 1,800 miles long, roughly twice the size of Colorado.

    這個遷徙群大約有 110 英里寬、1800 英里長,大約是科羅拉多州的兩倍大小。

  • During the biggest outbreaks, locusts consumed all crops in their path, as well as, reportedly,

    在最大的爆發時期中,蝗蟲消耗了所有牠們所經路徑中的的農作物,據說,像是

  • fence posts, leather, and the wool off of sheep. They were such a challenge to the settlement

    圍欄、皮革而且還把羊身上的毛給剃光了。這對於像是

  • of the western US and Canada that bounty hunters were paid as much as $100 per bushel of dead

    美西和加拿大的定居點來說是個挑戰。它們以每蒲式耳蝗蟲 100 美元的價格支付給賞金獵人,

  • grasshoppers, and settlers dynamited their breeding grounds.

    而定居者則炸毀了它們的繁殖地。

  • While these methods may have been more satisfying than successful, ultimately the settlers did

    雖然這些方法也許比成功更使人滿足,最終定居者們

  • end up controlling the Rocky Mountain Locusts. In fact, they made them go extinct. By accident.

    控制了洛磯山蝗蟲。事實上,定居者使它們滅絕了

  • Locusts, like settlers, need to eat AND reproduce. And after outbreaks, locust populations typically

    一如定居者們,蝗蟲也需要進食與繁殖。在數量爆增以後,蝗蟲通常會

  • retreated back to their permanent breeding grounds in the valleys of the northern Rockies

    撤回到它們位於北洛磯山谷的永久繁殖地

  • to lay their eggs.

    產下牠們的卵。

  • However, because these river bottomlands were fertile and had plenty of water, they were

    然而,因為這些河谷地很肥沃而且有很多水,

  • also prime locations for pioneer farms and ranches. It turns out that plows, livestock

    它們同時也是拓荒者的農場與牧場的主要地點。

  • and irrigation excel at destroying locust eggs and crucial locust nymph habitat.

    犁、牲畜以及灌溉擅長摧毀蝗蟲的卵和重要的蝗蟲若蟲的棲息地。

  • By the 1890s, swarming white settlers had covered so much western river bottomland that

    截至 1890 年代為止,蜂擁而至的白人定居者已遍及許多的西方河谷地以至於

  • the locusts weren't able to attain the numbers or density needed to transform into their

    蝗蟲無法維持需要的數量或是密度來轉變成它們的淺黃色交替型態

  • buff alteregos, and they never swarmed again. The disappearance of these super bugs less

    且它們不再蜂擁而至。這些幾乎把大平原上的農作物吃光的超級蟲蟲

  • than 30 years after they nearly ate agriculture off the Great Plains, is most likely the only

    消失還未滿 30 年,

  • extinction of a pest species in the history of agriculture. Because, it turns out, agriculture

    也似乎是農業史上唯一一種消失的害蟲物種。因為,農業之於蝗蟲就如同

  • was their kryptonite.

    超人之於 kryptonite (一種出現於《超人》中的礦石,是超人的剋星)

Locusts are grasshoppers - with unusual superpowers.  When triggered by overcrowding they literally

蝗蟲是一種蚱蜢 -- 有著不同尋常的超強力量。當它們被過度繁殖的壓力所激發時,

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C1 高級 中文 蝗蟲 農作物 繁殖 超人 型態 白人

北美大蝗災 (The Great North American Locust Plague)

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    Bing-Je 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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