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  • Universal basic income and guaranteed income are really inspired by the same values, that

  • idea that everybody should have the dignity and freedom to pursue their dreams, to figure

  • out what they want to do with their time.

  • Oftentimes the UBI is talked about these days at least in the context of the rise of the

  • robots and pending technical unemployment as a lot of people call it.

  • And my view is that very well may happen, there's also a good argument by a lot of economists

  • and other folks that this time is not different.

  • What we know is that the future is already here and work and jobs in America have already

  • come apart.

  • Of nearly all the jobs that we've created in the past decade have been part time, contingent,

  • or temporary.

  • These kinds of very unstable, lumpy jobs with lumpy income cycles and a guaranteed income

  • of $500 a month would be a powerful force to stabilize the lives of people who need

  • it the most.

  • In some ways it's a down payment.

  • If the robots do indeed rise and self-driving cars were on the roads in five years as some

  • technologists predict, it'd be much easier to build on a foundation of a guaranteed income

  • of something like $500 a month than to begin afresh.

  • So my view is that the idea of a guaranteed income is to solve the problems of today and

  • in a way that it could be implemented immediately.

  • I've worked on cash and specifically using cash as a tool for economic mobility for several

  • years now, first internationally and then domestically, and the thing about it is it

  • asks fundamental questions about trust.

  • If you give people money can you trust them to make the decisions that are best for them?

  • Will they use it responsibly or irresponsibly?

  • And I think there's a sense, particularly in American culture, that is pervasive of

  • concern that if you give this money to young men they're just going to put up their feet

  • and play video games, or there's this pervasive myth of the welfare queen that people just

  • want to stay home and live on government benefits.

  • And I think the challenge for those of us who believe that those are very much myths

  • is to amplify the stories, the kind of stories that I hear nearly everyday and they are stories

  • of people who want to work.

  • I think the vast majority of Americans want to be of purpose.

  • There are many ways of thinking about work and I think we should expand the definition

  • of it, but Americans for the most part want to work and they also want to be able to pay

  • their bills.

  • Nobody is looking for get rich quick schemes, they're looking to be able to make ends meet.

  • So the challenge is to build on all the empirical evidence that we have that really I think

  • makes a very solid case that cash is the most effective way to provide economic mobility

  • and really build a narrative, build a movement around the idea that people are working hard

  • and yet aren't enjoying the same opportunities that they have historically, and they should

  • be able to and cash is the most powerful way to guarantee that.

  • I think that there is an emerging consensus amongst voters that the economy is not working

  • for most Americans.

  • And at the same time there is a historical precedent for bipartisan support for the earned

  • income tax credit.

  • Now when the rubber meets the road there are really big questions about who pays for this,

  • and there's, I'm sure, lots of skepticism that tax rates should go up.

  • I think ultimately though the case can be made that this is not just a moral issue that

  • everybody should have basic financial stability, but also a practical one.

  • And if we really want the economy to continue to grow and not face the kind of depression,

  • which happened right after 1929, the year that inequality was last at bad as it is now,

  • then we're going to have to think about creative ideas that break through like this.

  • So my hope is that particularly the earned income tax credit, which has been expanded

  • by every president since Gerald Ford, Republican and Democrat alike, can be a framework for

  • at least bipartisan dialogue if not consensus on a way to reboot the American dream and

  • make sure that people have the economic opportunity that they want and deserve.

Universal basic income and guaranteed income are really inspired by the same values, that


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基本收入。現金派發能振興經濟嗎?| 大思考 (Basic income: Could cash handouts revitalize the economy? | Chris Hughes | Big Think)

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    王惟惟 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日