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  • Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

    嗨!歡迎來到《六分鐘英文》,我是尼爾。

  • And I'm Rob.

    我是羅勃。

  • Now, Rob, would you say that you are an introvert or an extrovert?

    羅勃,你覺得自己是一個內向還是外向的人呢?

  • What a good question!

    這是個好問題!

  • Well, extroverts are confident in their personality.

    恩 ... 外向的人對自己很有自信。

  • They're outgoing and comfortable in social situations.

    他們很開朗也擅於社交。

  • So I would have to say that, if anything, I'm the opposite.

    所以我覺得我應該是相反的。

  • I'm more of an introvert. I'm really quite shy.

    我比較像是內向的人,我真的很羞怯。

  • I feel uncomfortable in social situations.

    在社交場合上我會感到不自在。

  • For example, if I go to a party where I don't know anyone, I usually feel very embarrassed and I find it impossible to start conversations with strangers.

    舉例來說,如果我參加了一個派對,不認識裡面的任何人,我會覺得非常尷尬,而且我不可能和陌生人交談。

  • But you do all of this on the radio and videos for Learning English, don't you?

    但你不是為了幫助大家學習英文,而在廣播和影片中這麼做了嗎?

  • Some would say you have to be an extrovert to do what we do.

    有人就說了,你必須是個外向的人才能做我們現在做的事情。

  • Ah! Well, maybe I'm pretending to be an extrovert to hide the fact that I’m an introvert.

    嗯...也許我只是假裝自己是個外向的人,

  • It's quite a common thing, you know.

    而隱藏我真正內向的性格。你知道這很常見的。

  • Well, it might not be so easy to hide in the future because researchers have developed a computer program that can tell your personality from looking at where you look, by tracking your eye movements.

    未來可能就不太容易隱藏囉!有研究者研發了一個電腦程式,它可以根據你的眼球移動方式,來了解你的個性。

  • Wow! That sounds pretty hi-tech, and scary.

    哇!這聽起來很高科技,也很嚇人。

  • Well, we'll learn more shortly, but first a question on the topic of clever computers.

    我們很快就會學到更多,但首先有一個問題是關於智慧型電腦,

  • The letters 'AI' stand for Artificial Intelligence but what are the letters 'AI'? Are they

    字母 'AI' 代表人工智慧,但什麼是字母 'AI'?

  • A) an abbreviation

    A) 縮寫

  • B) an acronym, or

    B) 首字母縮寫(縮寫後可以當成一個單字唸出來的)、

  • C) an initialism?

    C) 首字母縮寫(縮寫後無法當成一個單字發音,必須逐個字母唸出來)。

  • OK, I thought that was going to be easy, but I think it's an abbreviation, isn't it?

    我覺得這應該很簡單,我覺得應該是縮寫,是嗎?

  • Well, you'll have to wait to the end of the programme to find out!

    你必須等到節目尾聲,答案才會揭曉喔!

  • Sabrina Hoppe is a researcher at the University of Stuttgart.

    Sabrina Hoppe 是斯圖加特大學的研究員。

  • She was interviewed on the BBC Radio programme All In The Mind.

    她在《全心全意》BBC的廣播節目中受訪,

  • She spoke about an experiment in which they tracked the eye movements of people in real situations.

    她談論了一個實驗,他們追蹤真實情況下人們的眼球移動狀況。

  • This is what she said about the research.

    這是她所說的內容。

  • Was she confident the experiment would work in the real world?

    她是否對這個實驗有信心,認為這可以在現實世界發揮作用?

  • The main finding in our study is that it is possible at all to just look at eye movements and then predict something about their personality.

    我們的研究中最重要的發現就是,只要看人們的眼球移動狀況,就可能預測出他們的個性。

  • And before our study it was not clear at all if this would be possible from eye movements in such an unconstrained real world setting.

    在我們的研究之前,還不清楚在這個不受限制的現實世界中,從眼球移動得知人們的性格是否可行。

  • So, was she confident this would work?

    所以她有信心這個會發揮作用嗎?

  • No, not really.

    不,沒有。

  • She said that before the study it wasn't clear if it would be possible in an unconstrained real-world setting.

    她說在研究前,還不清楚在不受限制的現實世界使用的可行性。

  • 'Unconstrained' here means that there wasn't strict control over the conditions of the experiment.

    'Unconstrained' 在這裡的意思是,沒有嚴格控制實驗的條件。

  • It took place in the 'real-world' – so not in a laboratory.

    它發生於現實生活中 - 而不是實驗室。

  • The result of the experiment

    實驗的結果 -

  • - or the 'finding', as she called it -

    或是她說的發現 -

  • was that by following eye movements,

    藉由追蹤眼球移動的狀況,

  • a computer programme was able to work out the personality of the subjects.

    電腦程式能夠算出人的個性。

  • Let's listen again.

    我們再聽一次!

  • The main finding in our study is that it is possible at all to just look at eye movements and then predict something about their personality.

    我們的研究中最重要的發現就是,只要看人們的眼球移動狀況,就可能預測出他們的個性。

  • And before our study, it was not clear at all if this would be possible from eye movements in such an unconstrained real world setting.

    在我們的研究之前,還不清楚在這個不受限制的現實世界中,從眼球移動得知人們的性格是否可行。

  • So how does the software work, for example, what are the differences in the eye movements of extroverts compared to introverts?

    所以微軟是怎麼運算的呢?舉個例子,以內向者和外向者做比較,他們的眼球移動狀況會有什麼不同呢?

  • We still don't really know in detail what makes the difference.

    我們依然不清楚,到底是什麼造成差異。

  • We can only tell that there are differences and that we know computer programs that can pick up those differences.

    我們只能說其中有所差異,然後我們知道電腦程式可以找出那些差異。

  • Maybe extrovert people look up a lot because they want to look at people's faces, whereas some super introvert person maybe just stares at their own shoes, if you want to take the extreme examples.

    也許外向者傾向往上看較多,因為他們想要看對方的臉,然而有些超級內向者,也許只看著他們自己的鞋子,這算是較極端的舉例。

  • So, probably it somehow changes gaze.

    因此,可能以某種方式改變目光。

  • But we only know that this information is there and somehow our program figured out how to extract it.

    但是我們只知道這個訊息的存在,而我們的系統剛好找出破解的方法。

  • So how does it work?

    那它是怎麼運作的呢?

  • Well, that's the strange thing.

    這就是詭異的地方了。

  • She said that she didn't really know, at least not in detail.

    她說她其實不知道,至少她是不知道細節。

  • She did say that our personality somehow changes gaze.

    她並不是說我們的個性讓目光轉移。

  • 'Gaze' is another word for looking at something.

    目光意思就是看著某樣東西。

  • So maybe we gaze in different ways depending on our personality.

    所以根據個性不同,我們目光看向的東西可能不一樣。

  • Extroverts may look up more and introverts, like me, may look down more.

    外向者可能會看上方,而像我一樣的內向者會往下看。

  • Yes, it was interesting that she said that she didn't know how it did it, but the program somehow managed to figure it out.

    對,她說她不知道是怎麼做到的,這點很神奇,這個系統不知怎麼地成功分析了。

  • The phrasal verb 'to figure something out' means 'to understand or realise something'.

    片語動詞 to figure something out 意思是說瞭解或明白某事。

  • Time to review today's vocabulary, but first, let's have the answer to the quiz question.

    來複習今天的單字吧,但首先,先回答小測驗。

  • I asked what are the letters 'AI'? Are they

    我問字母 AI 是什麼意思?他們是:

  • A) an abbreviation

    A) 縮寫、

  • B) an acronym

    B) 首字母縮寫(縮寫後可以當成一個單字唸出來的)、

  • C) an initialism

    C) 首字母縮寫(縮寫後無法當成一個單字發音,必須逐個字母唸出來)。

  • Rob, what did you say?

    Rob ,你覺得呢?

  • I said A) an abbreviation.

    我認為是 A) 縮寫

  • Well sorry, no, AI is C), so to speak.

    抱歉,不是喔,答案其實是 C)

  • It's an initialism.

    這是首字母縮寫。

  • It's the first letters of the words 'artificial intelligence',

    是 artificial intelligence 的第一個字母合成的。

  • but it's not pronounced like a new word, just the initial letters.

    它的發音不是發成一個全新的字,只要念開頭字母即可。

  • Right, time now to review today's vocabulary.

    好,來複習今天的單字吧。

  • Yes. We had the word 'extrovert'. This describes someone who has a very outgoing personality.

    好,首先是單字 extrovert ,它形容一個人有很外向的個性。

  • An extrovert is confident and socially comfortable.

    外向者很有自信,且不會害怕社交。

  • By contrast, an 'introvert' is someone who is shy and not comfortable in social situations and doesn't like being the centre of attention.

    相反的,introvert 是指害羞的人,在社交場合會感到不自在,不喜歡成為目光的焦點。

  • Our report today talked about the findings of some new research.

    我們今天講到了新研究的一些資訊。

  • A 'finding' is something that has been learnt, discovered or indeed, found out.

    finding 就是指某事已經被學習、發現或是發覺。

  • It is the conclusion that is reached.

    我們得到一個結論。

  • Then we had 'unconstrained' to describe the experiment which was not carried out in a controlled environment.

    我們用 unconstrained 來形容某實驗不是在可控制的環境下進行的。

  • So 'unconstrained' means 'not limited or restricted'.

    所以 unconstrained 的意思是「不被限制或限縮」

  • Our next word was 'gaze'.

    下個單字是 gaze

  • This is a word that means 'our way of looking at something'.

    它的意思是我們看向某物。

  • Yes, the findings of the research suggest that our personality can affect our gaze.

    對,研究的發現告訴我們從目光可以看出個性。

  • And this was something the computer was able to figure out.

    而電腦可以發現這件事。

  • To 'figure out' means 'to study something and reach an answer to a particular question or problem'.

    figure out 意思是研究某事,並找到某個特定問題的答案。

  • Right! Well, you know what I've just figured out?

    對,你知道我剛剛發現什麼嗎?

  • Do tell!

    請告訴我!

  • It's time to bring this edition of 6 Minute English to an end.

    是時候結束本集的六分鐘英文了。

  • We hope you can join us again, but until then we are bbclearningenglish.com and you can find us on social media, online and on our app.

    我們希望你能再次收看本節目,我們是 bbclearningenglish.com ,你可以在社交媒體,網路和應用程式找到我們的相關資訊。

  • Bye for now.

    下次見囉。

  • Bye-bye!

    再見!

Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English. I'm Neil.

嗨!歡迎來到《六分鐘英文》,我是尼爾。

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 英國腔 縮寫 字母 外向 單字 個性 內向

你的眼睛如何預測你的性格--6分鐘英語。 (How your eyes predict your personality - 6 Minute English)

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    Yu Terry 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字