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  • Six minute English, from BBCLearningEnglish.com

    BBC 六分鐘學英文

  • Hello, this is 6 Minute English and I'm Neil.

    大家好,我是 Neil,這是六分鐘學英文。

  • Joining me for our discussion is Georgina.

    跟我一起參與討論的是 Georgina。

  • Hello!

    大家好!

  • Now, Georgina, you're a chatty, sociable kind of person, aren't you?

    Georgina,你是個健談且善於社交的人,對吧?

  • Well, yes, I think so.

    沒錯,應該是。

  • But would you go up to a stranger and strike up a conversation?

    但你會走向陌生人並開啟話題聊天嗎?

  • That might be going too far.

    那可能超出我會做的舉動了。

  • If you don't know them, what are you going to start talking about?

    如果你不認識他,你要如何開啟話題?

  • A good question.

    是個好問題。

  • But maybe you should because in this programme, we're looking at how talking to strangers might actually be good for you!

    但你也許應該這麼做,因為本集我們將探討與陌生人交談的好處!

  • But first, let me talk to you about today's question.

    首先,讓我告訴你今天的問題。

  • I'd like you to answer this.

    我希望你能回答。

  • To make conversation we need words, so according to the Oxford English dictionary, approximately how many words are in use in the English language?

    我們必須用言語來交談,所以根據牛津英語字典,大約有多少字在英語中被使用?

  • Is it a) 171,146 b) 271,146 or c) 371,146?

    是 a) 171,146 b) 271,146 or c) 371,146 中哪一個呢?

  • We use a lot of words in English, but not 371,000 so I'll go for a) 171,146.

    我們在英文中使用許多字,但應該沒有 371,000 這麼多,所以我要選 a) 171,146。

  • Okay.

    好。

  • Well, as always I will reveal the answer later in the programme.

    一如繼往地,我會稍後在節目中揭曉答案。

  • Now, let's continue our conversation about having conversations with strangers!

    我們接續談論與陌生人攀談的主題吧!

  • Many of us spend part of every day surrounded by strangers, whether on our commute to work, sitting in a park or cafe, or visiting the supermarket.

    大部分人的一天中都會圍繞在陌生人周圍,無論是通勤上班時,坐在公園或咖啡廳時,或去超市時。

  • But we rarely reach out and talk to them because we fear it would make us both feel uncomfortable or awkward.

    但我們很少會與他們交談,因為我們害怕會使彼此不自在或尷尬。

  • And Gillian Sandstrom, social psychologist from Essex University in the UK, can explain why.

    英國艾塞克斯大學的社會心理學家 Gillian Sandstrom 可以解釋原因。

  • Here she is speaking on BBC Radio 4's "All in The Mind" programme.

    接下來是她在 BBC 的 All in The Mind 廣播節目中所說的話。

  • We kind of underestimate, we have this negative voice in our head that's telling us "I shouldn't have said that, why did I do that? I said that story better last time."

    我們低估腦海中的負面聲音,它告訴我們:「我不應該說那些話的,我為什麼會那樣做?我上次說那件事時表現的比較好。」

  • But the other person doesn't know any of that and they're probably you know, they might be anticipating that they won't have a positive conversation and then they do.

    但對方根本沒有那些想法,展開的談話更可能超乎他們預期的順利。

  • And they think, wow, that person was amazing.

    他們心想:「哇,這個人真棒。」

  • So we walk around with this fear that the other person isn't going to be interested in talking to us.

    所以我們常常伴隨著恐懼,認為別人沒有興趣與我們交談。

  • Fascinating stuff.

    真有趣。

  • So we have a negative voice in our head telling us about all the bad things that might happen.

    我們腦中的負面的聲音,訴說所有可能會發生的壞事。

  • We basically underestimate ourselves.

    我們基本上低估了自己。

  • To underestimate means to think that something is smaller or less important than it really is.

    「低估」意指把某件事情想的微不足道或不重要。

  • We worry that what we say won't be interesting or important enough.

    我們擔心自己說的話不夠有趣或不夠重要。

  • Ah, but the other person doesn't know that.

    但對方並不知道我們的想法。

  • They're also anticipating or guessing the outcome.

    他們也在預測或揣測我們即將說出的話。

  • They're thinking that if they have a conversation, it won't go well.

    他們也擔心若開啟話題, 談話會不順利。

  • But of course, when strangers do talk to each other it normally goes well.

    但想當然爾,陌生人交談時,通常會很順利。

  • Yes, it's just fear that is stopping us.

    沒錯,是恐懼使我們裹足不前。

  • But if we get over that fear, and get chatting, people might actually like us and we might make new friends.

    但若我們克服恐懼並主動攀談,人們可能會對我們有好感,我們也會認識新朋友。

  • Another reason why you should pluck up the courage to talk to strangers is that it is good for our health!

    我們應該要鼓起勇氣與陌生人攀談的另一個原因就是這有助於健康。

  • "Pluck up the courage," that's a good phrase, Georgina, meaning force yourself to do something that you're scared about.

    「鼓起勇氣」,這是一個不錯的片語,Georgina,意為強迫自己做自己害怕的事情。

  • And research by the University of Chicago found we may often underestimate the positive impact of connecting with others for both our own and others' wellbeing.

    芝加哥大學所做的研究指出,我們可能經常低估與他人產生連結,對我們及他人的身心健康帶來的正向影響。

  • And connecting here means starting or having a good relationship with someone.

    「產生連結」意指與他人建立或維持良好的關係。

  • So the research found that, for example, having a conversation with a stranger on your way to work may leave you both feeling happier than you would think.

    因此研究發現,舉例來說,你在上班的路上與陌生人攀談,可能帶給雙方意想不到的快樂。

  • Gillian Sandstrom also spoke about her research and the power of talking to strangers on the You and Yours programme.

    Gillian Sandstrom也在You and Yours節目中談及她的研究發現,以及與陌生人攀談產生的力量。

  • Listen out for the word "connected."

    注意「產生連結」這個字。

  • What we've shown in the research is that it's really good for your mood.

    研究指出與陌生人攀談有助於我們改善心情。

  • So people are in a better mood after they reach out and have a conversation, however minimal, and the other thing that the research has shown is that just makes people feel more connected to each other.

    所以人與人接觸並交談,即使時間短暫,心情都會變好;研究也指出這使人們覺得彼此的聯繫更緊密。

  • There you go!

    你說得沒錯!

  • Talking to strangers is good for our mood and mood means the way we feel.

    與陌生人攀談有益於情緒,情緒意指我們的感受。

  • It's good for our mental health and we might discover people actually like us!

    與陌生人攀談有助於心理健康,也可能發現人們是真心喜歡我們!

  • And even if we're an introvert, a person who prefers to be alone rather than with others, experiments have shown that talking to others can make us happier.

    實驗結果顯示,即使我們是屬於喜歡獨處、不樂於與他人相處的內向者,與他人攀談也會使我們更快樂。

  • The problem remains, Neil, that when speaking to someone new, what do you talk about?

    Neil,問題在於與陌生人交談時應該聊些什麼?

  • How about some interesting facts, like approximately how many words are in use in the English language?

    好比說一些有趣的事實,例如大約有多少字在英語中被使用?

  • Which is what I asked you earlier.

    這是我先前問過你的。

  • Is it a) 171,146; b) 271,146 or c) 371,146?

    是 a) 171,146 b) 271,146 or c) 371,146 中哪一個呢?

  • What did you say, Georgina?

    Georgina,你說過的答案是哪一個呢?

  • I said 171,146.

    我回答 171,146。

  • Was I right?

    我答對了嗎?

  • Spot on, Georgina, well done!

    Georgina,你答對了真棒!

  • Yes, there's an estimated 171,146 words currently in use in the English language, according to the Oxford English Dictionary plus many more obsolete words.

    根據牛津英文字典加上其他過時的單字,大約有 171,146 個字在目前的英文中被使用。

  • I shall pick a few of them and make conversation with someone on the Tube later, but not before we recap some of the vocabulary we've explained.

    我應該選一些單字等會在地鐵上與別人攀談,但首先,先重述一下今日解釋過的單字。

  • Yes, so we highlighted six words, starting with underestimate, which is to think that something is smaller or less important than it really is.

    我們強調了六個單字,第一個是 underestimate,意思為低估,也就是將事情想的過於輕微不重要。

  • Anticipating means guessing or expecting a certain outcome.

    anticipate 意指猜測或期待特定的結果。

  • I anticipate this programme to be 6 minutes long!

    我預期本集節目長達六分鐘。

  • That's a given!

    這是眾所皆知的事實。

  • Next, we mentioned the phrase to pluck up the courage, meaning to force yourself to do something that you're scared or nervous about.

    下一個是片語 pluck up the courage,意思為逼自己做自身感到害怕或緊張的事。

  • When you connect with someone, it means you start or have a good relationship with someone.

    connect with sb. 意指與他人展開或產生一段好的關係。

  • I think we've connected on this programme, Neil!

    我認為我們已經與這個節目產生連結了!

  • Absolutely, Georgina.

    一點也沒錯。

  • And that's put me in a good mood.

    我的心情因為節目而愉快。

  • Mood means the way we feel.

    mood 指我們的感覺。

  • And finally, an introvert is a person who prefers to spend time on their own.

    最後,introvert 意指偏好獨處的人。

  • Thanks, Georgina.

    Georgina,謝謝你。

  • Well, that's our conversation over, but you can hear more from us on our website and on our app.

    我們談話到此為止,可以在網站或 app 上獲取更多相關消息。

  • Goodbye!

    掰掰!

  • Bye!

    再見!

  • Six minute English, from the BBC

    BBC 六分鐘學英文

  • Hi, thanks for watching all the way to the end of the video.

    嗨,謝謝你把影片看到最後。

  • I hope you enjoyed it.

    我希望你喜歡這支影片。

  • If you want even more great content, we've got plenty more videos on the channel.

    如果你想獲得更棒的內容,我們在頻道中還有更多影片。

  • So, subscribe and you'll never miss a thing.

    所以,記得訂閱,這樣就不會錯過任何影片了。

  • I'll see you there, bye.

    頻道見囉,掰掰。

Six minute English, from BBCLearningEnglish.com

BBC 六分鐘學英文

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A2 初級 中文 英國腔 陌生人 意指 英文 單字 節目 產生

踏不出第一步?BBC 告訴你與陌生人交談的好處 (Anxious About Talking to New People? Listen to 6 Minute English)

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    Annie Huang   發佈於 2020 年 03 月 20 日
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