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  • Rob: Hello, and welcome to 6 Minute

  • English from BBC Learning English.

  • I'm Rob...

  • Georgina: And I'm Georgina.

  • Rob: Now, Georgina, how resilient

  • are you?

  • Georgina: Resilient? You mean able to

  • cope with difficult situations.

  • I have a pile of

  • work to do today, but I'm remaining

  • calm and not getting stressed.

  • Rob: That's good, you are showing

  • resilience. And today we're

  • discussing whether we're born

  • with resilience or we have to learn it.

  • Georgina: OK, Rob. But first I expect you're

  • going to ask me a question - bring it on!

  • Rob: OK. Resilience is also a word used in

  • science to describe the characteristic of

  • a substance or object.

  • But what does it mean?

  • a) That it's is very tough or hard.

  • b) That it can return to its original

  • shape after being bent.

  • c) It can turn from a solid into

  • a liquid quickly.

  • Georgina: I have a feeling it means

  • b) an object that returns to its

  • original shape after

  • being bent.

  • Rob: OK, I'll let you know if you were

  • correct at the end of the programme.

  • But let's talk

  • more about human resilience. There are

  • many self-help books and

  • motivational speakers

  • all promising us we can learn

  • to be resilient.

  • Georgina: Well, it is a useful trait to have,

  • and it's something that can help you deal

  • with many difficult situations from coping

  • with the pressures of work to handling the

  • death of a loved one.

  • Rob: And it's more than just telling

  • someone to 'toughen up' or 'get a grip',

  • as Dr David Westley knows.

  • He is Head of Psychology at

  • Middlesex University and talked

  • about levels of resilience

  • on the BBC World Service

  • programme, The Why Factor.

  • Dr David Westley: First of all, there's

  • our social supports, our communities,

  • our families, the people who are

  • important to us, the organisations

  • we work for, so one way

  • we can look at resilience is to

  • measure that - the amount of social

  • support available to us.

  • Another way to think

  • about resilience is to think about how we

  • think about the situations we are in. So,

  • for example, one way to look at that

  • would be just to look at

  • how optimistic people are as a guide

  • to how resilient they might be when times

  • get tough. And then a third level

  • that we can look at for resilience

  • is a biological level - how well we can

  • soothe ourselves, calm

  • ourselves down, how well we can actually

  • regulate our own nervous systems

  • at times of distress.

  • Georgina: Right, so Dr Westley describes

  • social supports - the people around

  • us who we can

  • talk to and support us and generally make

  • us feel better. I think he's saying, with

  • more support we'll feel more resilient.

  • Rob: It's interesting to note that a resilient

  • person isn't necessarily

  • someone quiet, who doesn't make

  • a fuss and gets on with things.

  • Some experts think it's people who ask

  • for help and use this social support

  • network who are acting in a more

  • resilient way.

  • Georgina: It's a good point. And another

  • level of resilience is how

  • optimistic someone is.

  • Being optimistic means having positive

  • thoughts about the future and

  • believing things will

  • turn out well. A positive mind means you

  • can deal with situations that, at first, look

  • tough. Another level Dr Westley

  • mentioned was our biological level -

  • how our bodies cope in times of distress.

  • Distress is the feeling you get

  • when you are worried or upset

  • by something.

  • Rob: So, when we're distressed, a resilient

  • person is able to soothe

  • his or her body and regulate his or her

  • nervous system, which

  • helps them stay calm.

  • Georgina: But, Rob, the big question is,

  • are we born with resilience

  • or can we learn it?

  • Experts speaking on The Why Factor

  • programme tended to think

  • it could be learned.

  • Rob: Yes, one of them is Ann Masten,

  • a professor at the University of

  • Minnesota. From her studies,

  • she found it was something that

  • we learn when we need to.

  • Georgina: Ann Masten talks about

  • how some of the children she studied

  • manifest resilience

  • from the start. When

  • something manifests, it shows clearly

  • and is easy to notice. They

  • remain resilient despite adversity - a

  • difficult time in their life that

  • they've had to face.

  • Rob: Other children, what she calls the

  • late bloomers, started off

  • less resilient, struggled

  • with adversity, but turned their

  • lives around by becoming more resilient.

  • Maybe we can learn

  • resilience from a having

  • a bad experience?

  • Georgina: Well, one thing Ann went on

  • to say was that families and

  • friends can be a great

  • support and help with resilience.

  • Those that were 'late bloomers' only

  • connected with adults

  • and mentors later in life.

  • Rob: Yes, she says that teachers

  • or parents are role models in

  • how to handle adversity.

  • And children are watching; they're

  • learning from the adults around

  • them by seeing how

  • they react when they get challenged

  • by something.

  • Time now to find out how resilient you are

  • when you discover the correct answer to

  • the question I asked earlier.

  • I said that 'resilience'

  • is also a word used in science to describe

  • the characteristic of

  • a substance or object.

  • But what does that mean? Is it...

  • a) It is very tough or hard.

  • b) It can return to its original shape

  • after being bent.

  • c) It can turn from a solid

  • into a liquid quickly.

  • And what did you say, Georgina?

  • Georgina: I said it was b) It can return to

  • its original shape after being bent.

  • Rob: And you are right - well done!

  • Bamboo is a good example

  • of a resilient material - you can bend it,

  • it doesn't break and returns

  • to its original shape.

  • Georgina: Thanks for the science lesson,

  • Rob. Now we need to recap the

  • vocabulary we've

  • mentioned today...

  • Rob: Yes, we've talked about being

  • resilient, an adjective that

  • describes someone's ability

  • to cope with difficult situations.

  • When you do this you show resilience.

  • Georgina: Someone who is optimistic

  • has positive thoughts about

  • the future and believes things

  • will turn out well.

  • Rob: Distress is the feeling you get when

  • you are worried or upset by something.

  • Georgina: When something manifests

  • itself, it shows clearly and

  • is easy to notice. And

  • adversity is a difficult time in somebody's

  • life that they have had to face.

  • Rob: And that brings us to the end of this

  • discussion about resilience.

  • Please join us

  • again next time. Bye bye.

  • Georgina: Bye.

Rob: Hello, and welcome to 6 Minute

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你有多大的適應力?BBC 6分鐘英語 (How resilient are you? BBC 6 Minute English)

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    crystallmk 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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