字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 You are watching Trends! Every Thursday we take a peek at the future to see what's ahead of us. Welcome to ALUX.com! The place where future billionaires come to get inspired. Hello Aluxers, and welcome back! By some, technology is considered the “oil” of the 21st century… Once we tapped into it, our world changed… we're sure all of you are experiencing these rapid changes first-hand in your day to day lives; which is why in today's video we're taking a look at critical shifts happening in the job market due to advancements in technology, and explore the idea of universal income. Let's dig in. What if we run out of jobs for our ever-growing population, because of mass automation? What if an AI system, could replace you at work? What if the only jobs available, required backgrounds in Robotics, or engineering? What if the top businesses in the world, employed more robots than humans? What if your dream job became obsolete? We know - this probably sounds like some crazy sci-fi movie plot… but Aluxers, this reality could take shape a lot sooner than we think. With that in mind, let's try to understand what the current job market looks like before automation takes over completely. At present, the majority of low skilled jobs like driving, manufacturing, and maintenance are all becoming irrelevant, with the advancement in mass automation and the success of AI. It's impossible not to feel the difference digitization has made in our daily lives... Everything from watching movies, to buying tonight's groceries - can be done online. And although this has made our lives more convenient, it's also eliminated thousands of jobs. Sure, autonomous cars are "cool"... but if that tech takes hold in the trucking industry... 50,000 drivers will be left jobless in the US alone. Several experiments in the past have proved that robots and AI systems are more efficient than human beings in every professional field, and although they cannot imitate things like human touch or empathy, in professions like medicine… they are definitely good enough to replace members of the less skilled workforce. Top CEOs care about their profits more than anything else, and if that means replacing hundreds of lower-end jobs with robots or AI codes, you can bet on them making that tough choice. Which brings us to address a single question… how do we survive in a future without jobs? That question has led to quite a debate in recent years… surrounding the idea of a Universal Basic Income, or UBI. Basically, a social model designed to support people when job availability becomes a thing of the past. Let's take a closer look. Currently, we live in a world with major economic inequality. On the one hand, we have giant tech companies earning profits greater than the GDP of some countries… while on the other hand, we have a class of actively working poor people, who are employed but are earning below their country's poverty line. These actively working poor are affected by the low wages they earn, and the taxes they have to pay in order to sustain their livelihood. Now one might wonder, “why would someone work so hard, and still live poor, if national governments provide social services such as welfare?” - an idea similar to that of UBI. Interestingly, American presidential candidate Andrew Yang based his entire campaign on the idea of universal basic income, and why it's necessary for a developed nation like the US, where automation is growing more rapidly than many other countries. With that said, let's try to understand how the UBI model can work in a country like the United States, and what implications it could have if replicated and implemented around the world. And Aluxers, speaking of the world (we know, cheesy segue, right?) we know how much you love to explore new places and stay online no matter which part of the world you visit, that's why we recommend using a VPN. It's a super easy to use piece of software that protects your data online so that the government or other companies can't spy on you and you can enjoy the internet you know and love. We partnered with the great folks at NordVPN to bring you an amazing offer. If you go to alux.com/vpn and sign up using the code ALUX, you will get Get 70% off NordVPN! Only $3.49/mo, plus you get an additional month FREE to see if you find it valuable. Protect yourself today on the internet by going to alux.com/vpn" Now, back to the model of UBI, in reference to the current US Economy. These days, a monthly income of 1000 USD is considered to be a reasonable Universal Basic Income for a person receiving social assistance. Right now, millions of manufacturing jobs in the US have been automated, and nearly 30% of stores have closed in the retail sector. Many people in the US can't afford to pay exorbitant college tuition fees for higher education and/or specialization, this wave of automation will definitely result in greater unemployment. Considering this, it starts to become clear that a greater need for a UBI may be on the horizon… even for developed nations like the US. However even on a global scale, we can see similar job market trends in countries like Japan, where the majority of service jobs are already automated, due to its aging population. Now Aluxers, the tech-savvy among us know there's no first-move advantage when it comes to technology… and even though the rate of automation differs across different economies and geographies, one thing will always be certain: top multinational companies will always put profits before welfare. It is estimated that 800 million jobs will be automated worldwide by 2030, and technological advancements like deep learning have left practically no boundaries as to what can be automated. Now if you're starting to think a UBI model provided by our governments, or sponsored by businesses, can make things better for everyone… We gotta say, the solution is not that simple. Several experiments in providing the masses with a basic income have failed in the past, and in some cases, created more problems than it solved. Some individuals proved to become unmotivated and lazy because they did not need to work for a living… some wasted their money on drugs and alcohol… We also have to consider that the model of UBI doesn't actually bridge the gap in wealth equality, since the income provided doesn't account for things like inflation or economic breakdown. Some intellectuals and economists also believe that UBI could lead to an implosion in stock markets, and slow down the economy further by reducing spending, rather than increasing consumption. The implementation of a UBI poses challenges of its own, the model needs to be tailor-made for every country and depends on multiple factors like the current state of welfare in the country, the focus of government, and/or how much money the government has allocated for welfare in its budget. In 2017, the Canadian government experimented with the idea of a Universal Basic Income. The Pilot Project was an attempt to bridge wealth inequality, and uplift the lower class. The Canadian government planned to provide 4000 socially disadvantaged people a UBI of $17,000 dollars annually, for a period of 3 years. However, the project was scrapped after ministry officials determined the experiment did not enable the participants to become independent contributors to the economy. The cancellation of the program left the participants angry and dissatisfied, while also making their future even more uncertain. Similar experiments have also been carried out in countries like Kenya and Finland, and as we indicated before, may even be necessary highly developed countries like the US, in the very near future. For most of us, we need a job to earn our livelihood… for some of us, that job may even be what defines us and gives our lives meaning. We're betting that for you Aluxers, a life without work goals would be kind of... Empty and without purpose... So instead of worrying about AI and Robots, let's be smart and start planning how we'll handle the changes ahead! Having such a big international audience, we'd love to know Aluxers, What does the job market look like in your country? Is automation resulting in job cuts and maybe even a slowdown in your country's economy? Also - what is your take on a future without jobs? Would you acquire new skills and try to keep yourself employed in a world full of automation, or would you settle for a universal basic income provided by your country's government? Let us know in the comments! And, of course for sticking with us until the end, here's your Bonus! All over the world, various experiments are done comparing the efficiency of AI systems with human professionals. In a september 2019 study - conducted by a team of researchers from the University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust in the UK it was shown that deep learning could detect a vast range of diseases, from cancer to eye disorders, on par with human healthcare professionals. It was found that AI can correctly diagnose in 87% of the cases, as compared to medical professionals who could correctly diagnose in 86%... and the specificity of the deep learning algorithm was surprisingly at 93%, as compared to its human counterparts. Interesting… and, kind of alarming… am I right? Thank you for spending some time with us Aluxers! Make sure to subscribe so you never miss another video. We also handpicked these videos for you to watch next. As always the conversation continues on social media. Thanks again and we can't wait to have you back tomorrow.