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  • In the past few months, I've been traveling for weeks at a time

    在過去幾個月,我都在旅行每次好幾個禮拜,

  • with only one suitcase of clothes.

    我只帶一箱手提箱的衣服。

  • One day, I was invited to an important event,

    某天,我受邀出席一個重要活動,

  • and I wanted to wear something special and new for it.

    我想在活動上 穿一些新穎和特別的服飾。

  • So I looked through my suitcase and I couldn't find anything to wear.

    所以我翻遍了手提箱, 但找不到一件合適的。

  • I was lucky to be at the technology conference on that day,

    幸運的是那天 被邀請參加是一次科技論壇,

  • and I had access to 3D printers.

    由此我接觸到了3D列印機。

  • So I quickly designed a skirt on my computer,

    所以我很快地在我的 電腦上設計了一條裙子。

  • and I loaded the file on the printer.

    然我把它上傳到列印機,

  • It just printed the pieces overnight.

    讓它整晚列印衣服的部位。

  • The next morning, I just took all the pieces,

    隔天早上, 我拿到所有部位了,

  • assembled them together in my hotel room,

    並在酒店房間把它們拼湊起來,

  • and this is actually the skirt that I'm wearing right now.

    而那件裙子, 正是我現在穿著的這一件。

  • (Applause)

    ( 掌聲 )

  • So it wasn't the first time that I printed clothes.

    但這不是我第一次列印服裝。

  • For my senior collection at fashion design school,

    為了完成我在時裝設計學校 的高年級服飾作品,

  • I decided to try and 3D print an entire fashion collection from my home.

    我決定在家嘗試用3D 列印 所有的時裝設計。

  • The problem was that I barely knew anything about 3D printing,

    問題是, 我一點都不懂3D列印。

  • and I had only nine months to figure out how to print five fashionable looks.

    而我只有9個月時間去想 如何列印出五件時尚服飾。

  • I always felt most creative when I worked from home.

    我總覺得在家工作時最有靈感。

  • I loved experimenting with new materials,

    我喜歡實驗新的材質,

  • and I always tried to develop new techniques

    而且我總是嘗試研發新的技術

  • to make the most unique textiles for my fashion projects.

    為我的時尚專案製作 最獨特的布料。

  • I loved going to old factories and weird stores

    我喜歡到舊工廠和奇特的商店

  • in search of leftovers of strange powders and weird materials,

    去尋找殘餘的奇特粉末 和奇怪材質,

  • and then bring them home to experiment on.

    然後把它們帶回家做實驗。

  • As you can probably imagine,

    所以你大概可以想像,

  • my roommates didn't like that at all.

    我的室友很不爽....

  • (Laughter)

    ( 笑聲 )

  • So I decided to move on to working with big machines,

    所以我決定搬去跟 大型機器一起工作,

  • ones that didn't fit in my living room.

    每一台都大到無法放進我房間。

  • I love the exact and the custom work I can do

    我喜歡所有時尚科技的

  • with all kinds of fashion technologies,

    精密及客製化工作,

  • like knitting machines and laser cutting and silk printing.

    像是:紡織機、雷射切割、絲綢列印。

  • One summer break, I came here to New York for an internship

    某個暑假我來到紐約中國城的

  • at a fashion house in Chinatown.

    一間時尚店實習。

  • We worked on two incredible dresses that were 3D printed.

    我們用 3D 列印做了 2 件不可思議的禮服。

  • They were amazing -- like you can see here.

    正如你們所看到的,它們非常美妙,

  • But I had a few issues with them.

    但我對它們有一些意見,

  • They were made from hard plastics and that's why they were very breakable.

    它們是由硬塑料製成,所以非常的脆裂。

  • The models couldn't sit in them,

    模特兒穿上後就不能坐下,

  • and they even got scratched from the plastics under their arms.

    模特兒們甚至被手臂下的塑料刮傷。

  • With 3D printing, the designers had so much freedom

    有了3D列印,設計師有更多自由

  • to make the dresses look exactly like they wanted,

    可以讓禮服變成他們想象中的樣子,

  • but still, they were very dependent on big and expensive industrial printers

    但他們仍需仰賴大型且昂貴的列印機器,

  • that were located in a lab far from their studio.

    且機器離他們的工作室很遠。

  • Later that year, a friend gave me a 3D printed necklace,

    那年下半年,有一個朋友給我一條3D列印的項鍊,

  • printed using a home printer.

    是用家用的列印機列印出來的。

  • I knew that these printers were much cheaper

    我知道這些列印機比較便宜,

  • and much more accessible than the ones we used at my internship.

    比起我當實習生時的那幾台更易操作。

  • So I looked at the necklace,

    我盯著項鍊看,

  • and then I thought, "If I can print a necklace from home,

    然後我在想:「如果可以在家裡列印項鍊,

  • why not print my clothes from home, too?"

    那為何不在家列印我的服飾?」

  • I really liked the idea that I wouldn't have to go to the market

    我真的很喜歡這個想法—

  • and pick fabrics that someone else chose to sell --

    我不用去賣場買別人選來賣的布料,

  • I could just design them and print them directly from home.

    只要在家裡設計然後把它們直接列印出來。

  • I found a small makerspace,

    我找到一個小型創作者工作室,

  • where I learned everything I know about 3D printing.

    在這我學到所有3D列印的知識。

  • Right away, they literally gave me the key to the lab,

    很快地,他們直接給我實驗室的鑰匙,

  • so I could experiment into the night, every night.

    所以我可以每一個晚上實驗到很晚。

  • The main challenge was to find the right filament for printing clothes with.

    主要的挑戰是,找到正確的絲料印衣服。

  • So what is a filament?

    那什麼是絲料呢?

  • Filament is the material you feed the printer with.

    "絲料" 就是你餵給列印機的材質。

  • And I spent a month or so experimenting with PLA,

    我花了一個月的時間用聚乳酸(PLA)來做實驗,

  • which is a hard and scratchy, breakable material.

    它是一種又硬又糙且脆裂的材料。

  • The breakthrough came when I was introduced to Filaflex,

    當我被引薦使用Filaflex後,才有了突破性的發展,

  • which is a new kind of filament.

    Filaflex是一種新型絲料

  • It's strong, yet very flexible.

    它雖然堅固,但很有彈性。

  • And with it, I was able to print the first garment,

    有了它,我就可以列印第一件衣服了,

  • the red jacket that had the word "Liberté" --

    這件紅色夾克名字叫 "Liberté"

  • "freedom" in French --

    是法語" 自由 "的意思,

  • embedded into it.

    我把這個字設計在衣服裡。

  • I chose this word because I felt so empowered and free

    我選擇這個字的原因是:

  • when I could just design a garment from my home

    當我可以在家設計衣服並自己列印出來時

  • and then print it by myself.

    我覺的極具自主性及自由性,

  • And actually, you can easily download this jacket,

    實際上,你可以很輕易地下載這件夾克,

  • and easily change the word to something else.

    且可以隨意把裡面的字換掉。

  • For example, your name or your sweetheart's name.

    例如,你自己的名字,或你愛的人的名字

  • (Laughter)

    ( 笑聲 )

  • So the printer plates are small,

    列印機的工作平台很小,

  • so I had to piece the garment together, just like a puzzle.

    所以我必須把它們拼湊起來,像在拼圖一樣

  • And I wanted to solve another challenge.

    而我想解決另一項挑戰。

  • I wanted to print textiles

    我想列印紡織物。

  • that I would use just like regular fabrics.

    就像我使用一般的布料一樣。

  • That's when I found an open-source file

    這是我在開放資源裡找到的,

  • from an architect who designed a pattern that I love.

    一個由建築師設計的 "love" 的圖案。

  • And with it, I was able to print a beautiful textile

    有了它我可以列印出漂亮的紡織物,

  • that I would use just like a regular fabric.

    就如同我會使用一般的布料一樣。

  • And it actually even looks a little bit like lace.

    它實際上看起來更像蕾絲。

  • So I took his file and I modified it, and changed it, played with it --

    所以我拿了他的檔案變更並改良它,

  • many kinds of versions out of it.

    我玩出了很多種類的版本。

  • And I needed to print another 1,500 more hours

    我需要額外的1500小時

  • to complete printing my collection.

    來列印完成我的作品。

  • So I brought six printers to my home and just printed 24-7.

    所以我買了6台列印機回家, 一週24小時不停列印。

  • And this is actually a really slow process,

    這實際上是一個很慢的過程,

  • but let's remember the Internet was significantly slower 20 years ago,

    但我們回憶一下 20年前網際網路也是相當慢的,

  • so 3D printing will also accelerate

    所以3D列印也將會加快速度,

  • and in no time you'll be able to print a T-Shirt in your home

    而在不久的將來 你便在家裡列印T-恤了,

  • in just a couple of hours, or even minutes.

    只需幾小時或是幾分鐘。

  • So you guys, you want to see what it looks like?

    所以各位想看看它長什麼樣子嗎?

  • Audience: Yeah!

    觀眾:想!

  • (Applause)

    ( 掌聲 )

  • Danit Peleg: Rebecca is wearing one of my five outfits.

    Rebecca 正穿著我五件設計的其中之一。

  • Almost everything here she's wearing, I printed from my home.

    她身上穿的服飾都是我在家中列印出來的,

  • Even her shoes are printed.

    甚至她的鞋子。

  • Audience: Wow!

    觀眾:哇 !

  • Audience: Cool!

    觀眾:酷 !

  • (Applause)

    ( 掌聲 )

  • Danit Peleg: Thank you, Rebecca.

    謝謝你,Rebecca

  • (To audience) Thank you, guys.

    ( 面向觀眾 )謝謝各位。

  • So I think in the future, materials will evolve,

    所以我認為未來會有很多材質引入,

  • and they will look and feel like fabrics we know today,

    而且它們的觀感和觸感會與現在的那些,

  • like cotton or silk.

    棉花或絲綢材質一樣。

  • Imagine personalized clothes that fit exactly to your measurements.

    想像一下一件和你完全貼合的客製化衣服。

  • Music was once a very physical thing.

    音樂曾經是個非常實質的東西,

  • You would have to go to the record shop and buy CDs,

    你必須去錄音帶店裡買CD,

  • but now you can just download the music --

    但現在你可以直接下載音樂—

  • digital music --

    數位音樂—

  • directly to your phone.

    直接到你的手機裡。

  • Fashion is also a very physical thing.

    時尚也是個非常實質的東西,

  • And I wonder what our world will look like

    而我很好奇,當我們的衣服像這條裙子一樣數位化後...

  • when our clothes will be digital, just like this skirt is.

    我們的世界將會是怎樣的?

  • Thank you so much.

    非常謝謝你們。

  • (Applause)

    ( 掌聲 )

  • [Thank You]

    ( 謝謝 )

  • (Applause)

    ( 掌聲 )

In the past few months, I've been traveling for weeks at a time

在過去幾個月,我都在旅行每次好幾個禮拜,

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 美國腔 TED 列印 衣服 材質 設計 布料

忘記購物。很快你就可以下載你的新衣服了|Danit Peleg|TED Talks--------。 (Forget Shopping. Soon You'll Download Your New Clothes | Danit Peleg | TED Talks)

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    李子儀 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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