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  • So another question from students...

    有位學生曾問我...

  • This one is asking about articles, specifically the definite article "the."

    有關冠詞的使用方法,尤其是定冠詞 the。

  • When we use it and when we don't, specifically with plural nouns.

    應該什麼時候使用或什麼時候不能用,尤其是後面接複數名詞的時候。

  • Thanks for the question.

    謝謝提問。

  • Really good one and we get, asked a lot about articles.

    這是個很好的問題,我們曾收到許多冠詞相關的問題。

  • Articles are very confusing for students because some languages don't use them, and the ones which do, don't usually have the same rules as us.

    因為有些語言裡沒有冠詞,就算有,用法也不同,因此冠詞對學生來說總是一大難題。

  • So, let's start with the easy one, the indefinite articles "a" and "an."

    我們先從簡單的講起,不定冠詞 a 和 an。

  • These are easy.

    這兩個較簡單。

  • You have a singular countable noun.

    假設現在有個單數可數的名詞。

  • You put "a" or "an" in front of the noun.

    你會把 a 或 an 放在名詞前面。

  • For example, one iPhone, an iPhone.

    例如:一支 iPhone 也就是 an iPhone。

  • Poof, a fairy.

    噗,一隻小精靈。

  • Why are you here, again?

    為什麼你又出現了?

  • You're always here ruining the lesson.

    你總是來打擾我上課。

  • Yeah.

    沒錯!

  • No one likes you.

    沒人喜歡你。

  • But yeah, I suppose, I mean, you can count that.

    我想,你們應該數得出來。

  • One fairy, two fairies...

    一隻小精靈,兩隻小精靈 ...

  • Really?

    真的假的?

  • Sick.

    酷吧!

  • Okay, so one fairy is a fairy.

    好,所以一隻小精靈就是 a fairy。

  • Hello, mate.

    哈囉,夥伴。

  • That's your first rule.

    這是第一個冠詞規則。

  • A singular countable noun we use "a" or "an."

    單數且可數的名詞前,我們會用 a 或 an。

  • Another rule for the indefinite articles "a" and "an."

    不定冠詞 a 和 an 的另一個規則。

  • Remember, these are indefinite or nonspecific.

    請記住這些都是不特定的名詞。

  • When you mention something for the first time in a story, the listener doesn't specifically know which object you're talking about, so we use that.

    當你在故事中第一次提到某物,特別是聽眾不知道你在講哪一個的時候,我們會使用不定冠詞。

  • Again, for singular countable nouns.

    再說一次,不定冠詞用在單數可數名詞前面。

  • For example, I met a girl yesterday.

    例如:我昨天遇到一位女孩。

  • I killed a fairy today.

    我今天殺了一隻小精靈。

  • Wait, what?

    等一下,你說什麼?

  • We use "the," the definite article, when we're talking about a specific group of something or one singular noun, which is specific and we both know which noun and we're talking about.

    當我們要描述特定群體,或是聽眾知道你在指哪一個特定的單數名詞,我們就會用定冠詞 the。

  • So for example, I killed a fairy today.

    舉例來說,我今天殺了一隻小精靈。

  • We both don't know which fairy.

    我們都不知道是哪一隻。

  • In the second sentence, I'm referencing the same fairy again.

    第二句我用同一隻小精靈當例子。

  • So I say, I killed a fairy today.

    我今天殺了「一隻」小精靈。

  • I killed the fairy, the fairy, because it was stupid.

    我今天殺了「這隻」小精靈, 因為他很蠢。

  • I'm not dead... pretty hurt though.

    雖然超痛的,但我沒死。

  • That's blood, yep, I'm bleeding.

    這是血,沒錯,我正在流血。

  • Call me an ambulance.

    幫我叫救護車。

  • So that's with singular countable nouns.

    以上就是針對單數可數名詞時的冠詞規則。

  • We're being general, we use "a."

    非特定事物之前,我們會用 a。

  • We're being specific, we use "the."

    特定事物前,我們會用 the。

  • But your question is about plural nouns and when we use and don't use "the."

    但你的問題是複數名詞前面,我們什麼時候可以或不可以用 the。

  • Easy, you just have to apply that logic to plural nouns.

    很簡單,上述的規則也能應用在複數名詞。

  • Remember with singular nouns, we were being general we used "a."

    記住,單數名詞且非特定事物,我們用 a。

  • Where we were being specific, "the."

    但特定事物,我們會用 the。

  • With plural nouns, it's the same logic.

    複數名詞也是同樣的邏輯。

  • When we talk about a specific group we use "the."

    當我們講特定的群體時會用 the。

  • Example...

    例如...

  • Uh, let's see.

    我們來看看。

  • Russian people are very nice.

    俄羅斯人很友善。

  • But the Russian people I've met...

    但我見過的俄羅斯人...

  • Specific group.

    特定群體。

  • The Russian people I've met are crazy.

    但我見過的俄羅斯人都很瘋狂。

  • I'm joking Russians, you're cool.

    我開玩笑的,俄羅斯人很酷。

  • Another example: Babies are very annoying.

    另一個例子,小嬰兒都很煩人。

  • Babies are very annoying.

    小嬰兒都很煩人。

  • So I'm being general.

    在這裡,我是指所有的小嬰兒。

  • When it's a plural noun, we don't use any article.

    當是複數名詞時,我們不用任何冠詞。

  • Remember single nouns we used "a" for a general situation?

    還記得單數名詞前,我們會用 a 來表示非特定的情況嗎?

  • Plural nouns, we don't use any article if we're being general.

    在非特定的複數名詞前,我們不使用任何冠詞。

  • Babies are annoying.

    小嬰兒都很煩人。

  • However, the babies in my family are very cute.

    然而,我家的嬰兒都很可愛。

  • I said the babies because this is a specific group of babies.

    我說 the babies 是因為這裡是指特定群體的小嬰兒。

  • General: no article.

    非限定複數名詞不用冠詞。

  • Specific group: the.

    限定的複數名詞要用 the。

  • That's with plural nouns.

    這是複數名詞的規則。

  • Remember again with singular nouns.

    再記一次,單數名詞前...

  • General : "a."

    非限定要用 a。

  • Specific: "the."

    限定名詞用 the。

  • Plural nouns...

    複數名詞之前...

  • General : no article.

    非限定不用冠詞。

  • Specific : "the."

    限定名詞用 the。

  • We use this one we want to indicate a specific group or a specific thing which we both understand.

    我們用 the 是想要表示一個聽眾都知道的特定事物。

  • Another example with babies.

    另一個例子也跟嬰兒有關。

  • Imagine you're sitting on a plane and you feel this...

    想像你正在搭飛機,然後你突然感覺到...

  • The baby behind me is very annoying.

    在我後面的嬰兒很煩人。

  • I say "the" because we both understand which baby.

    我會用 the 是因為我們都知道是哪一個寶寶。

  • I wouldn't say, for example, "A baby behind me is annoying."

    我不會說,在我後面的「一個」寶寶很煩人。

  • No, I'm not being general.

    因為我是特意指定「那個」寶寶。

  • I'm being specific.

    限定的「那個」寶寶。

  • There are many more rules with articles, and I think we'll do another one later explaining all of the rules.

    還有很多和冠詞有關的規則,我想我之後會再做一個影片來解釋所有規則。

  • But I hope that answers your question on plural nouns and when we use and don't use the definite article "the."

    但我希望現在有回答道你的問題,關於複數名詞前什麼時機可以或不可以用定冠詞 the。

  • Bye bye.

    拜拜。

So another question from students...

有位學生曾問我...

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B1 中級 中文 英國腔 多益 名詞 複數 單數 精靈 嬰兒

你有用對冠詞 a, an, the 嗎?教你英文冠詞正確使用時機! (A, AN, THE - Articles in English)

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    Annie Chien 發佈於 2020 年 01 月 13 日
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