Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

  • Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 380. The title of today's lesson

  • is the difference between exile, banish, and deport. Okay.

  • Let's take a look at the note here. Now this is one which sometimes students

  • will ask you know, what's the difference between these three because they are

  • similar in meaning. So let's look at the note. If someone has been exiled or he's

  • living in exile, he or she has been forced to live in a foreign country

  • because they cannot live in their own. Okay. Let's continue. Exile can be a

  • little tricky because, because there are two types. There's two types of Exile.

  • The first one is someone could be exiled by force as a punishment and the second

  • one could be a voluntary one. So if it's a voluntary one they probably know that

  • if they went back, something bad may happen to them. Maybe they may get

  • charged with a crime. Maybe they may be in prison. Maybe their life is in danger.

  • Whatever it is, they know that they can't go back. So the second one is a voluntary

  • one. Nobody forced them out. Nobody pushed them out. The first one

  • somebody did force them out. Well , let's continue.

  • Someone can only be exiled from one's own country. All right. So when you're

  • comparing the three, exile is the only one that you get exiled out from your own

  • country. Your native country you get exiled from. Okay. Let's continue. Here's a

  • couple of examples to explain it better. Now Napoleon was exiled to the Isle

  • island of Elba after abdicating. When you abdicate it means to gave up your throne.

  • Abdicating his throne and agreeing to the Treaty of Fontainbeau.

  • Fontainbeau. Okay. Now this is an example where you are forced and usually when

  • you're exiled and you're forced sometimes you're forced to stay in one

  • place. Like he was supposed to just stay on that island. That island of Elba and,

  • and this is another one we're going to talk about that later. Both exile and banish

  • you know, in former times when they did it sometimes they did it rather than

  • like a death penalty. So Napoleon was still pretty popular actually was

  • popular enough that he escaped from his exile and took back over France again.

  • And then got exiled for a second time. But the second time was his last time.

  • And he ended up dying in exile the second time. But that was one where both

  • times he was forced. That was a forced exile. All right. Let's continue. The Dalai Lama

  • voluntarily exiled himself from Tibet over sixty years ago. Yeah. I think he got

  • word that the Chinese government was going to take him into custody or arrest

  • him. I think he feared for his life and he ran away before that happened. And he

  • never actually returned to China or Tibet again. Okay. So, so he actually exiled himself. So

  • he lives in exile now. He can go to other places though he can go all around.

  • See when you do it on your own , and you do it voluntarily you know, as long as

  • you have some sort of a passport or someplace you could go to other

  • countries. You don't have to stay in the one place if you did it voluntarily.

  • Maybe somebody like Edward Snowden you could say is living in exile in Russia.

  • Although he's he's a little different because his, his US passport was

  • cancelled. So unless, unless Russia gave him another passport. He's not really

  • supposed to leave Russia. Okay. Good. All right. Let's continue here. All right.

  • Now the next one, we are up to banish now. So if someone is banished, he or she is

  • officially ordered. Usually by decree to leave a country. So this one is not voluntary.

  • This one's never voluntary. Usually the government made a decision and told to

  • get out. I think banished ... I hear it often here like in fairy tales or

  • stories years ago. When there was a king or an emperor ... again it might be somebody

  • who they didn't really want to kill. There's just but they did something that

  • you know it probably would have made them look bad , if they didn't tell them,

  • okay just leave. Never come back. And you know, we won't kill you. That's kind

  • of the idea. So yeah. So it could, it could be his native country or another country.

  • Yeah. So you could be banished, in the past you could have been banished from the

  • country that was your country or it could have been another country that you

  • were just living in. That you may not have been a citizen of either. Where

  • exile you can only be exiled from your own country.

  • Banish could be either your country or another country that you were staying in

  • for a long time. Okay. Good. In former times, if one tried to return from being

  • banished from punishment, the punishment was usually death. So they did

  • banish you but they usually said you believed you could never come back if

  • you come back then the real punishment will come to you and that would usually

  • be death. Okay. Just like I said here. Often both exile and banishing ... Something or

  • someone was an alternative to the death penalty. So you know, they could have just

  • killed you too. So they were kind of nice enough to just let you go. All right. And

  • we have one example here. You know, the king banished him from his kingdom. So

  • you told him to get out never come back again. All right. And now the third one of

  • course here. If we say. If someone is deported he or she is sent out of a

  • country in which they were taken into custody and which was not their native

  • country. Yes. So you can't be deported from your own country or the one that

  • you are like a citizen of. Someone is .... someone who was deported is usually ...

  • is usually deported because maybe they're an illegal alien. Okay. Yes. This

  • could be because he is an illegal resident without a visa. Okay.

  • Or maybe they actually came with a real visa but they overstayed it for a long

  • time. So they're still illegal and they got caught they could be deported for

  • that reason. Or one has broken a law. So you could be there on a visa but you

  • broke a law while you're there and it was serious

  • enough that they want to deport you. Probably not too serious though. If it's

  • really serious like murder or something, they they will probably charge you and

  • put you in jail. But if it's something like less serious. Like of course you

  • know, overstaying your visa or maybe working illegally you know, they don't

  • really want to put you in jail for that. Or some some other minor thing.

  • It's maybe... they figure it's not worth their time to incarcerate you. To put you

  • into jail. Just send you back to your own country. So you're just not their problem

  • anymore. Okay. So good. Again like I said

  • usually not a felony. Felony is a different story. A misdemeanor they may

  • just deport you. Felony, no you might go to their jail. It is usually preferred to

  • deport someone for, for you know, for a crime that's not really a felony. Yeah. Okay.

  • Good and all right and we just got a couple examples here. He was deported for

  • being an illegal alien. Yes. If they found someone and they were really not a

  • citizen or like I said... If they overstayed a visa for a long time where

  • they didn't seem to have any intention to leave they could be deported for that

  • reason alone. Or that foreigner was deported when she got caught in a

  • prostitute ring. So maybe she got arrested and then they realized she

  • wasn't a citizen and then they deported her too so it could be for a crime like

  • that. Maybe they don't really want to jail you for a long time for that. Just

  • again send you back. You're a problem. Just get rid of the problem by sending

  • you back to your own native country. Okay. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it is clear. I

  • hope it was informative. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is Tutor Nick P and this is Lesson 380. The title of today's lesson

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 美國腔

英語導師Nick P課程(380) 流放與驅逐的區別 (English Tutor Nick P Lesson (380) The Difference Between Exile Deport and Banish)

  • 15 0
    anitawu12 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
影片單字