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  • In 2015, December 22 will mark the exact mid-point of winter in the Northern Hemispherethe shortest day and longest night of the year.

    2015年,12月22日將是北半球冬季的準確中點--一年中白天最短,夜晚最長。

  • This is the Winter Solstice, and for many, conjures images of pine trees, decorated wreaths, and burning Yule logs.

    這是冬至,對很多人來說,會聯想到松樹、裝飾的花環和燃燒的尤利木。

  • But while that may sound like Christmas, as a matter of fact, nearly all Christmas traditions are borrowed from other celebrations.

    但是,雖然這聽起來像聖誕節,但事實上,幾乎所有的聖誕節傳統都是從其他慶祝活動中借來的。

  • Different cultures have been celebrating the solstice for over 5,000 years.

    5000多年來,不同的文化都在慶祝冬至。

  • So why do Holidays fall around the Winter Solstice?

    那麼,為什麼假期會在冬至前後?

  • Well, the term solstice literally means "sun stands still."

    嗯,夏至這個詞的字面意思是 "太陽靜止"。

  • As far back as 3,000 BC, Neolithic people erected sculptures and architecture to frame this type of solar alignment.

    早在公元前3000年,新石器時代的人們就豎起了雕塑和建築來構築這種太陽排列方式。

  • Scholars believe that these solstice sculptures had a religious significance, and that sites in Europe like Newgrange and Stonehenge were meant for worship.

    學者們認為,這些夏至雕塑具有宗教意義,歐洲的紐格蘭奇和巨石陣等遺址都是用來祭祀的。

  • We also know that the Romans famously celebrated an occasion they called Saturnalia, which marked the mid-point of winter with a debaucherous seven day festival.

    我們還知道,羅馬人有一個著名的慶祝活動,他們稱之為 "土星節",用一個放蕩不羈的七天節日來紀念冬季的中點。

  • In Iran, the festival of Yalda also takes place on the solstice, and dates back to the pre-Islamic religion of Zoroastrianism, which itself dates back to around 600 BC.

    在伊朗,雅爾達節也是在夏至日舉行,可以追溯到伊斯蘭教前的拜火教,而拜火教本身可以追溯到公元前600年左右。

  • Like Christmas, Yalda celebrates the birth of Mithra.

    和聖誕節一樣,雅爾達也是為了慶祝密特拉的誕生。

  • In fact, the word Yalda means "birth."

    其實,雅爾達這個詞就是 "生 "的意思。

  • Many winter solstice festivals are focused on the idea of birth or rebirth.

    很多冬至節氣都注重生辰或重生的概念。

  • Some have suggested that these celebrations also served the purpose of keeping a large group of people awake on the darkest, and arguably, most dangerous night of the year.

    有人認為,這些慶祝活動還起到了讓一大批人在一年中最黑暗,也可以說是最危險的夜晚保持清醒的目的。

  • Within the Buddhist tradition, the solstice is a day of celebrating the daughter of a pre-Christian Indian Emperor.

    在佛教傳統中,夏至是一個慶祝先秦印度皇帝女兒的日子。

  • The festival, known as "Sanghamitta Day" is considered a major holiday for modern Buddhists.

    這個節日被稱為 "桑吉塔日",被認為是現代佛教徒的重要節日。

  • And in Chinese and other East Asian cultures, the solstice is one of the most important celebrations, called the Donghzi Festival.

    而在中國和其他東亞文化中,冬至是最重要的慶祝活動之一,稱為東子節。

  • So where do our Christmas traditions come from?

    那麼我們的聖誕傳統從何而來呢?

  • Well, historical records show that the Germanic peoples of Northern Europe also celebrated the winter solstice in a form called Yule.

    嗯,史料記載,北歐的日耳曼人也以一種叫做 "Yule "的形式慶祝冬至。

  • The Christmas tree, pine wreath, and Yule log all derive from the pagan Yule festival, all predating the Christian symbols of the winter solstice.

    聖誕樹、松樹花環、尤利原木都源於異教的尤利節,都早於基督教的冬至符號。

  • But as Christianity grew from a cult into a mass religion, pagan traditions were adapted to make the burgeoning movement seem more familiar to early Christian converts.

    但當基督教從一個邪教發展成為一個大眾宗教時,異教傳統被調整,以使這一新興運動看起來更容易為早期基督教信徒所熟悉。

  • Despite Christmas' stranglehold on winter solstice holidays, it is actually one of many ongoing holidays.

    儘管聖誕節對冬至假期的扼殺,但它其實是許多正在進行的節日之一。

  • Like other portions of the Christian religion, the basics are mostly borrowed from long standing traditions.

    像基督教的其他部分一樣,基本的內容大多是從長期以來的傳統中借來的。

  • So this holiday season, instead of saying "Merry Christmas," why not wish everyone a "Super Saturnalia"?

    所以在這個節日裡,與其說 "聖誕快樂",不如祝大家過一個 "超級土星節"。

  • Many pagan traditions revolve around nature, but the umbrella of pagan religions is more diverse than you'd think.

    許多異教傳統都圍繞著自然,但異教宗教的保護傘比你想象的更多樣化。

  • Learn more about their beliefs in our video right here.

    在我們的視頻中瞭解更多關於他們的信仰。

  • Then modern times, the neo pagant movement has become associated with Wicca, or pagan witchcraft, which was invented by an English man in the mid 20th century.

    那麼近代,新異教運動與20世紀中葉一位英國人發明的Wicca,即異教巫術聯繫在一起。

  • It was based on the idea that witches are not followers of satan, as had been believed, but rather followers of a pre-Christian religion. followers were pre-christian religion.

    它是基於這樣的想法,即女巫不是撒旦的追隨者,因為人們一直認為,而是基督教前宗教的追隨者。 追隨者是基督教前宗教。

  • Thanks for checking out our channel!

    謝謝您瀏覽我們的頻道

  • Don't forget to like and subscribe for new videos.

    不要忘記喜歡和訂閱新的視頻。

In 2015, December 22 will mark the exact mid-point of winter in the Northern Hemispherethe shortest day and longest night of the year.

2015年,12月22日將是北半球冬季的準確中點--一年中白天最短,夜晚最長。

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Why Do Holidays Fall Around The Winter Solstice?

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    Shinichiro 發佈於 2019 年 11 月 19 日
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