字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 Hi guys! This is Kee from BBC Learning English, and today I'm going to tell you the differences between 'until' and 'by'. We use 'until' to talk about doing something up to a certain point in time. If I say: I have to take care of my dog until 5pm, it means I will start taking care of my dog now and stop taking care of it at 5pm. On the other hand, we use 'by' to talk about doing something before a future time or deadline. If I say: I have to finish an essay by 5pm, it means I can start any time but I will make sure that at 5pm I have finished writing the essay. So, I may even finish it at 3pm or any time before 5. So we use 'until' to describe doing something up to a certain point in time and we use 'by' to describe doing something before a future time or deadline.