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  • Improvement pill here. A study was conducted in 2014 at Princeton

    這裡是《激勵膠囊》。2014 年普林斯頓大學進行一個研究,

  • University where they separated a class into two groups. The researchers had each

    研究者將一個班級分成兩組,

  • group take notes for a class in two different ways. The first group was told

    每一組利用兩種不同方式做課堂筆記,

  • to take notes by hand. You know the old-school method with a

    第一組是手寫做筆記,也就是你知道的用紙筆寫筆記的傳統方法,

  • pen and paper which was met with a lot of groans and complaints because well it

    但這很費工,要花很多時間,而且會寫到手抽筋,

  • requires a lot of effort it's time-consuming and it cramps up your hands.

    所以大家都抱怨連連。

  • The second group was told to take notes by typing it out on their laptop

    第二組是用電腦、手機或其他設備打字做筆記,

  • or phone or whatever device which was a far more efficient way of note-taking.

    這是一種更有效的做筆記方式。

  • In fact, the second group on average ended up with twice the amount of notes after

    事實上,第二組的同學平均每節上課做的筆記內容,

  • each class compared with the pen and paper group. Now the purpose of this

    是第一組用紙和筆做筆記的同學兩倍量。

  • study was to figure out what method of taking notes would allow you to remember

    這個研究目的是找出哪種筆記方法可以讓你記住更多你學習的內容。

  • more of what was being taught so at the end of the semester the researchers

    所以到了學期末,

  • looked at the overall test scores for all of the students in this class.

    研究者觀察這門課裡所有同學的整體成績,

  • And to their surprise the kids who took notes by hand using the old-school pen and

    他們驚訝的發現用手寫做筆記的同學成績,

  • paper method scored twice as well as the kids who used their laptops. That's a lot.

    比用電腦做筆記的同學分數高出一倍,這差太多了。

  • And at first the researchers thought okay maybe having this group take notes

    起初研究者認為這可能是因為用手寫做筆記,

  • by hand somehow prompted them to study a bit more outside of class so they

    可以促使他們在課外時間多學一點,

  • conducted this study two more times. One time they tested each group immediately

    所以他們又進行了兩次實驗,一次是他們在課後立即對兩組同學進行考試,

  • after class so they had no time to study and the second time they gave a surprise

    因此他們沒有時間自己複習;

  • test to each group only a week after they took notes. Both times the kids

    第二次是做完筆記的一周後對兩組同學進行突襲考試,

  • who took notes by hand squirt about twice as well as the kids

    這兩次考完,手寫做筆記的同學分數比打字做筆記的同學分數高出一倍,

  • who typed out their notes. What they discovered in this experiment is what I

    他們在實驗中發現我所謂的「努力原則」。

  • like to call the effort principle. Essentially, the more effort you put into

    從本質上來說,

  • recording a piece of information, the better you will retain it and I believe

    當你花越多努力去紀錄一段訊息,你會記得更久,

  • that this is a concept has a lot of value in the world of self improvement

    我相信這個概念在自我提升的領域中很有價值。

  • See one of the biggest issues with self improvement is the fact that there's so

    自我提升的最大問題之一就是資訊太多了,

  • much information out there. There are hundreds of thousands of books, videos

    有成千上萬的書籍、影片和廣播,

  • and podcasts but it doesn't matter how much time you spend consuming this

    不論你花多少時間去消化這些訊息,

  • information because if you're not remembering any of it and internalizing

    如果你都無法記住並且消化理解課程,一樣沒有意義了。

  • the lessons, there's no point. Now I know I know I'm someone who advocates

    我知道我是很提倡有聲讀物的人,

  • listening to audiobooks a lot. I tell you guys to do it all the time but to be

    我一直告訴你們要這樣做,

  • honest I don't think just listening to audiobooks is ideal. It's too easy.

    但說實話,聽有聲書籍並不是理想的學習方式,

  • It doesn't require that much effort. In fact, back in the day I would often find

    這太容易且不需要太努力就可以學習了。

  • myself listening to an entire book and just one or two week

    事實上,我常常發現當我聽完整本書後,

  • later barely remembering any of the key concepts. So today I want to show you a

    大約一兩周後我就想不起來書上的任何重點。

  • sort of note-taking mini habit that I created over the years that has allowed

    所以今天想跟你分享一個我多年養成的記筆記小習慣,

  • me to retain most of the key lessons from the books that I listen to.

    這讓我可以記住有聲書中大部分的重點,

  • Quick little side tangent. If you are interested in building habits, we do have

    快速插話一下,如果你對養成習慣很有興趣的話,

  • a new program, the habit builder challenge that teaches you exactly how

    我們有一個新的講座名為「習慣養成者挑戰」,這會教你如何養成習慣,

  • to do that we sold out all of the seats in just a week and the program has been

    我們在一周內就把所有座位賣完了,到目前為止這個講座非常成功。

  • extremely successful so far. So if you want to gain access to this program the

    所以如果你下次想參與這個講座,

  • next time we run it, all you have to do is click on the link in the description

    你必須做的就是點擊下方的訂閱鍵連結,

  • box below to sign up for the waiting list. Now back to the topic at hand the

    去註冊等候列表。現在回到正題,

  • note-taking mini habit is essentially this. See I carried these little water

    記筆記的小習慣就是我會隨身攜帶防水的小筆記本,

  • proof notebooks with me. They are a bit smaller than my phone which makes them

    它們比我的手機再小一點,因此很方便隨身攜帶,

  • very easy to carry around and whenever I'm listening to a book and I come

    每當我聽一本書,

  • across in a ha moment basically a moment where the gears in your head click and

    並且靈光乍現的時候,也就是當你腦裡的齒輪喀擦一聲的時候,

  • something just makes a whole lot of sense to you something that you know is

    然後一些事情就對你很有意義了,

  • a game changer that you should really remember. When that happens, I will put in

    是你知道你必須要記起來的東西。當這種情況發生時,

  • some effort to record that lesson down. For example, a couple of weeks ago, I was

    我會努力把內容記錄下來。

  • listening toCan't Hurt Meby David Goggins at the gym and I came across in

    舉例來說,幾個禮拜前,我在健身房聽 David Goggins 的《不能傷害我》,

  • a ha moment when he talked about what he likes to call the cookie jar method.

    當他談到「餅乾罐方法」的時候,我靈光乍現,

  • The moment I heard about this method. I thought to myself, "Wow, this is some

    當我聽到這個方法時,我心想:「這是很有用的概念,

  • powerful stuff. I need to remember this." so I put down my weights. I paused the

    我需要記住它。」所以我放下舉重,暫停有聲書,

  • audio book. I pulled out my little notebook and pen and I wrote down cookie jar method

    我拿出我的小筆記本和筆,然後寫下「餅乾罐方法」,

  • And I proceeded to write a short little summary about what it was

    然後我寫下一段關於此簡短的總結,

  • and after doing that I rewinded the audio by a couple of minutes. Just so I

    之後,我把音檔倒帶幾分鐘,

  • could listen to that part again. If you take a look at this incident. I'm putting

    好讓我可以再聽一次。你可能注意到一點,

  • in maybe 10 20 times more effort into digesting this one piece of information

    相較於只是聽有聲書,

  • as compared to if I just listen to it on the audiobook and because of that that

    我投入 10 倍到 20 倍的努力在消化這段資訊,正因為如此,

  • lesson has stuck with me ever since. And to top it all off. When I really really

    從那時我就一直記得這段知識。最重要的是,

  • want a lesson to stick with me, I'll actually go out of my way and put in

    當我真的很想記住一個概念的時候,我會為此付出更多努力,

  • even more effort by bringing it up in a conversation soon after. I have some

    藉由不久後的和朋友的談話中提到這個問題,

  • friends that are interested in self-improvement and when we're just

    我有很多朋友對自我提升很有興趣,所以當我們在一起的時候,

  • hanging out, I'll talk about some of the new concepts I've come across recently.

    我會提到一些最近發現的新概念,

  • The moment you re-teach what you've learned, you're putting in additional effort,

    當你在教你學過的東西時,你正在付出額外的努力,

  • which will cause you to retain the information even more. This episode's

    這會讓你記得更清楚且更久。

  • brought to you by you guessed it audible. Now that you know about the effort

    如同你猜到的,這一集是由 audible 提供的。既然你已經知道努力原則,

  • principle, you still have to read books and orders to find powerful lessons that

    你仍然要閱讀書籍和指令找出強而有力的知識,

  • are even worth remembering. This is where audible comes in. Audible allows you to

    這些甚至是值得記住的,這也是 audible 的用處,

  • find powerful lessons in places where you normally

    Audible 可以讓你在平時拿出實體書的地方找到很棒的知識,

  • be able to pull out a physical book. I listen to the audio books when I'm

    當我坐長途飛機時、當我一個人吃飯時、或當我健身時,

  • commuting on long flights, when I'm eating by myself and when I'm working

    我都會聽有聲書籍。

  • out. Go to www.youtube.com packed with powerful lessons that we should all

    請到 www.youtube.com,裡面有很多我們應該要記住的豐富知識,

  • remember so definitely check that out besides that guys stay tuned.

    一定要去看一下,隨時關注我們的頻道。

Improvement pill here. A study was conducted in 2014 at Princeton

這裡是《激勵膠囊》。2014 年普林斯頓大學進行一個研究,

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 同學 養成 努力 習慣 分數 消化

我如何輕鬆地學習和記憶事物--努力法則。 (How I Learn And Remember Things Easily - The Effort Rule)

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    Helena 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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