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  • Catherine: Hello. This is 6 Minute English,

    凱瑟琳:你好,這裡是6分鐘英語。這裡是6分鐘英語。

  • and I'm Catherine.

    我是凱瑟琳

  • Sam: And I'm Sam.

    而我'山姆。

  • Catherine: Now, Sam, what can you

    凱瑟琳現在,山姆,你可以

  • tell us about cryptocurrencies?

    告訴我們關於加密貨幣的情況?

  • Sam: The word is a combination

    山姆:這個詞是一個組合

  • of crypto, from cryptography, which is

    的密碼學,從密碼學來說,就是

  • to do with using

    要用

  • clever software codes to protect

    巧妙的軟件代碼保護

  • computer information and systems,

    計算機信息和系統;

  • and currency, which is the money

    和貨幣,也就是錢

  • of a particular country. So cryptocurrency,

    的某個國家。所以加密貨幣。

  • very simply, means code money.

    很簡單,就是指碼錢。

  • We usually think of money as

    我們通常認為錢是

  • notes and coins which come from a

    鈔票錢幣

  • country's bank. But a cryptocurrency

    國'的銀行。但一種加密貨幣

  • doesn't have physical money. It's purely

    不'沒有實物錢。它純粹是

  • digital and is not controlled

    數字化,不受控制

  • by banks or governments but by

    由銀行或政府,而是由

  • the people who have it and very complex

    的人,而且非常複雜

  • computer codes. Perhaps the most

    計算機代碼。也許最

  • well-known is Bitcoin.

    知名的是比特幣。

  • Catherine: Well, you seem to know

    凱瑟琳嗯,你似乎知道

  • a fair bit about cryptocurrency actually...

    關於加密貨幣其實有不少... ...

  • anyway, now a new player is joining

    總之,現在有一個新的玩家加入

  • the digital money system as Facebook

    數字貨幣系統,因為Facebook

  • have announced they are

    已宣佈他們是

  • launching their own digital currency. They

    推出自己的數字貨幣。他們

  • are calling it 'Libra'. And we'll be finding

    被稱為'天秤座&39;。而我們'會發現

  • a little bit more about this topic in the

    關於這個話題,在

  • programme, but first, a question.

    方案,但首先要問一個問題。

  • Now, Sam, you mentioned Bitcoin

    現在, Sam, 你提到了Bitcoin

  • as being a well-known cryptocurrency.

    作為一種知名的加密貨幣。

  • It was, in fact, the first

    事實上,這是第一個

  • cryptocurrency, but when was Bitcoin

    加密貨幣,但什麼時候比特幣是

  • created? Was it:

    創造了什麼?是嗎?

  • a) 2008, b) 2009 or c) 2010

    a) 2008年,b) 2009年或c) 2010年

  • Sam: I'm going to say 2010.

    山姆:我'要說2010年。

  • Catherine: OK. Well, I'll reveal the answer

    凱瑟琳。好吧好吧,我'揭曉答案。

  • later in the programme.

    在方案的後面。

  • Now, Jemima Kelly is a financial

    現在,傑瑪-凱利是一個金融

  • journalist. She was talking on the BBC

    記者。她在英國廣播公司(BBC)的談話中

  • radio programme Money Box Live

    廣播節目 "錢箱直播

  • about the plans for Libra. She says

    關於天秤座的計劃。她說

  • it's not really a cryptocurrency

    它不是真正的貨幣

  • because it's actually

    因為它實際上

  • backed up by a number of real currencies.

    由一些實際貨幣支持。

  • So which currencies does she mention?

    那麼她提到了哪些貨幣呢?

  • Jemima Kelly: A cryptocurrency

    Jemima KellyA cryptocurrency

  • is normally subject to the whims

    往往是隨心所欲

  • of crypto markets, which

    的加密市場,這

  • are notoriously volatile, whereas Libra is

    是出了名的不穩定,而天秤座則是

  • kept stable by being backed up

    守得雲開見月明

  • by a basket of currencies, in this case,

    由一籃子貨幣組成,在這種情況下,。

  • the dollar, the pound, the euro and

    美元、英鎊、歐元和

  • the Swiss franc.

    瑞士法郎;

  • Catherine: So which currencies

    凱瑟琳那麼,哪些貨幣

  • did she say were backing up Libra, Sam?

    她說要支持天秤座嗎,山姆?

  • Sam: She said that the dollar, the pound,

    山姆:她說,美元,英鎊。

  • the euro and Swiss franc were the

    歐元和瑞士法郎是

  • currencies that would be backing up Libra.

    貨幣,將成為天秤座的後盾。

  • Catherine: And this is different

    凱瑟琳而這是不同的

  • from regular cryptocurrencies, isn't it?

    從普通的加密貨幣,不是嗎'?

  • Sam: Yes, cryptocurrencies

    Sam:是的,加密貨幣

  • are completely independent of

    是完全獨立於

  • financial institutions and

    金融機構和

  • other currencies.

    其他貨幣。

  • Catherine: And this can make them risky,

    凱瑟琳。這可以使他們的風險。

  • can't it?

    不能'嗎?

  • Sam: Yes, she says that

    山姆:是的,她說

  • cryptocurrency markets are notoriously

    加密貨幣市場是出了名的

  • volatile. Something that is

    揮發性。的東西,是

  • volatile can change very quickly. When it

    揮發性可以變化得非常快。當它

  • comes to currency, it means that its value

    談到貨幣,它意味著它的價值

  • can go up or down by a large amount over

    漲跌幅度可大可小

  • a very short period of time.

    在很短的時間內。

  • Catherine: And it's described as

    凱瑟琳。它的描述是

  • notoriously volatile because this

    臭名昭著的波動,因為這

  • has actually happened

    確有其事

  • a few times in the past. Something that is

    過去幾次。的東西,是

  • notorious is well known or famous but for

    臭名昭著

  • a negative reason. So the value of

    一個消極的理由。所以

  • a currency going up and down

    貶值貨幣

  • in a volatile way - that's not positive.

    以波動的方式--這不是積極的。

  • Sam: If you want to take the risk you

    如果你想承擔風險,你

  • could make a lot of money,

    可以賺很多錢。

  • but you could also lose

    但你也可能失去

  • a lot of money - more than you invested.

    很多錢--比你投資的還多。

  • Catherine: So why are cryptocurrencies

    凱瑟琳那麼為什麼加密貨幣

  • so volatile?

    這麼不穩定?

  • Sam: Most currencies are reasonably

    山姆:大多數貨幣都是合理的

  • stable. This is the opposite of volatile.

    穩定。這與波動性相反。

  • They don't change a lot over a short

    他們不會在短時間內改變很多。

  • period of time. There can be big changes

    一段時間內。可以有很大的變化

  • but usually governments and banks

    但通常是政府和銀行

  • control currencies to prevent it.

    控制貨幣以防止。

  • Cryptocurrencies don't have

    加密貨幣沒有'。

  • those controls.

    這些控制。

  • What Jemima Kelly said was that

    傑瑪-凱利說的是

  • they are subject to the whims of the

    他們隨心所欲

  • crypto markets. A whim is

    加密市場。一時興起就是

  • an unpredictable or irrational decision

    孤注一擲

  • or trend and if you are subject to

    或趨勢,如果你受

  • the whims of something, or someone,

    某事或某人的奇思妙想。

  • it means that metaphorically you are

    意思是說,你比喻為

  • a passenger in a self-driving car

    乘員

  • which may decide just to drive off

    它可能會決定只開走

  • the edge of a cliff. So it might be

    懸崖的邊緣。所以它可能是

  • an exciting ride,

    刺激的旅程。

  • but it could end in disaster.

    但它可能以災難收場。

  • Catherine: Right, it's time now to get

    凱瑟琳是的,現在是時候得到

  • the answer to the question I asked

    我問的問題的答案

  • at the beginning of the programme.

    在方案開始時。

  • Bitcoin was the first cryptocurrency,

    比特幣是第一種加密貨幣。

  • but when was it created? Was it:

    但它是什麼時候創造的呢?是它。

  • a) 2008, b) 2009, c) 2010

    (a) 2008年,(b)2009年,(c)2010年。

  • Sam: I said 2010, but I'm not really sure.

    薩姆:我說2010年,但我不太確定。

  • Catherine: And you're absolutely wrong!

    凱瑟琳。你絕對錯了!

  • The correct answer is 2009, so no luck for

    正確的答案是2009年,所以不走運的。

  • you this time, but congratulations

    這次是你,但祝賀你

  • to everyone who did get that right.

    給每個人誰做了正確的。

  • Well, anyway, let's round off today

    好了,不管怎麼說,今天我們來打圓場。

  • with a review of today's vocabulary.

    與今天的詞彙複習'。

  • Sam: First off there is cryptography

    Sam:首先是密碼學

  • which is the use of special codes to keep

    這就是使用特殊代碼來保持

  • computer systems and content safe.

    計算機系統和內容安全。

  • Catherine: A currency is the money

    凱瑟琳貨幣就是金錢

  • of a particular country, for example

    某個國家的,例如

  • in the UK we have the pound, in the US

    在英國,我們有英鎊,在美國,我們有美元。

  • there's the dollar and in many countries

    有'的美元和在許多國家。

  • in Europe the currency is the euro.

    在歐洲,貨幣是歐元。

  • Sam: Cryptocurrency is a combination

    Sam:加密貨幣是一種組合

  • of cryptography and currency and

    密碼學和貨幣學,以及

  • it's used for a finance system that is

    它'用於財務系統,是。

  • based on secure digital coins that are not

    基於安全的數字幣,不

  • connected to banks or governments.

    與銀行或政府有關;

  • Catherine: We then had the expression

    凱瑟琳。我們當時的表述是

  • subject to the whims of. Whims are

    受制於異想天開的。異想天開是

  • unpredictable decisions

    誤打誤撞

  • and if you are subject to them it means

    如果你受制於他們,就意味著

  • you can't control them, you have

    你不能控制他們,你有

  • no choice but to go in the direction

    無可奈何

  • those whims lead.

    那些奇思妙想導致。

  • Sam: This means that the value of

    山姆:這意味著

  • cryptocurrencies are notoriously volatile.

    加密貨幣是不穩定的。

  • They have a history of going up or down

    他們的歷史漲跌幅度

  • in value by large amounts and very

    大幅增值,而且非常

  • quickly. And that's not good.

    迅速。而這'不是好事。

  • Catherine: Well, it might be good if it goes up!

    凱瑟琳好吧,它可能是好的,如果它上升!

  • Sam: True.

    山姆:沒錯。

  • Catherine: But if you want less risk, if you

    凱瑟琳。但如果你想減少風險,如果你

  • want your currency to be the opposite

    要你的貨幣是相反的

  • of volatile, if you want it, in other words,

    的揮發性,如果你想,換句話說。

  • to be stable, then maybe

    穩,那麼也許

  • cryptocurrencies are not for you.

    加密貨幣不適合你。

  • Sam: Well, we are subject to

    好吧,我們是受

  • the whims of the schedule

    臨時抱佛腳

  • which means our 6 minutes are up.

    這意味著我們的6分鐘到了。

  • We look forward to your company

    我們期待著貴公司的到來

  • again soon. Bye for now.

    很快再來暫時再見

  • Catherine: Bye!

    凱瑟琳再見!

Catherine: Hello. This is 6 Minute English,

凱瑟琳:你好,這裡是6分鐘英語。這裡是6分鐘英語。

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加密貨幣是個好投資? (Would you invest in cryptocurrencies? Listen to 6 Minute English)

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    Dawn Dong 發佈於 2019 年 08 月 19 日
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