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  • Hi this is tutor Nick P and this is lesson 301. Today we're going to look at

  • the difference between notorious and infamous. Actually this one really is

  • more difficult than usual. Because clearly both words mean famous for

  • something bad and I do even think that there's a lot of even native speakers

  • that you kind of use them interchangeably and don't see much of a

  • difference. But from research I can find some subtle differences where some

  • might be more likely to be used in one situation than another. So that's what

  • I'll cover here. All right. Well first of all, of course, notorious means you know

  • well-known for something bad. Something discreditable you know, something that

  • would bring down your reputation basically. Make your reputation or your

  • image seem worse. Let's continue here. Some dictionaries claim notorious is

  • more likely to use for people in the present time. So if you're still alive

  • right now and you're talking about somebody that's still alive right now,

  • like a notorious a bank robber for example. We'd probably be more likely to

  • say a notorious bank robber than an infamous bank robber. That's , that's you

  • know robbing banks right now in the present time or the recent past. Not too

  • long ago. Okay. Infamous tends to be used more for former times. You know maybe

  • more like a hundred or several hundred years ago or possibly even thousands of

  • years ago. It's a little more likely. So there's some subtle differences where

  • you're more likely to see one than the other. But again since it's so close and

  • so since a lot of native speakers almost think of them as the same. Don't be

  • surprised if you see examples that would go against what they say here. Okay. Let

  • me continue. Though some other experts claim infamous is stronger and that it

  • carries a connotation of evil or wicked. Remember connotation that means those

  • are feelings that's connected to the word. So I think in situations where

  • we're saying somebody's famous for something bad

  • in kind of an evil or wicked way. infamous would be more likely used

  • That's what they're saying. When using infamous , the speaker is often

  • making a moral judgment too. That they're judging how terrible they are. Some

  • dictionaries claim infamous is more literary than notorious. It means that

  • you're more likely to see it written than spoken.

  • That's what literary means. So you'll see it in older articles or written articles.

  • You know, old books or historical documents or whatever than notorious . And

  • let's look at some examples which would you know, reflect the these, these notes

  • or these tips here. She is notorious for being late. All right. Well this is probably

  • present time. This is bad. It's, it hurt somebody's reputation, not particularly

  • evil. So we wouldn't normally say she is infamous for being late. We're a little

  • more likely to say she is notorious for being late. Lawyers are notorious for not

  • being truthful, even though to be honest that's probably part of their job too.

  • But still they got a bad reputation for that and a lot of people often joke

  • about how you can't trust lawyers and lawyers always lie. Okay. And again

  • this is a little more likely to be present time too The Paris Metro is

  • notorious for pickpockets. Yeah. It's got a bad reputation. That it's had a lot of

  • pickpockets over the years on the Metro, on there you known Subway's system. So

  • again, this is more like present time. This is also bad. This is a crime. I don't

  • know if I would put it in the I don't think I'd say the wicked or evil

  • category. But it's still bad. It still hurts somebody's reputation. Let's look

  • at number four. Dracula or Vald the Impaler. Yeah. This is actually some

  • people say this is where I guess Brahm Stroker. Was he the first one that

  • wrote the first Dracula ? Where he kind of got the name from. This, this was actually

  • a real prince who was very , very evil. Vlad the Impaler.

  • I think he used to like to impale his victims I think he crucified them and

  • stabbed them. And they were stories about where maybe he might like drink some of

  • their blood and dip bread in their blood. So yeah. That sounds a bit evil and

  • really pretty terrible. So you might you would you might be a

  • little more likely to use infamous and he was hundreds of years ago too. It was a

  • long time ago. So for several reasons infamous would probably be more likely

  • to be used here. So Dracula or Vlad the Impaler was infamous for the way he

  • tortured his enemies or killed them. mm-hmm And the last one here. Benedict Arnold was

  • an infamous traitor. Yeah. This was during the Revolutionary War.

  • Benedict Arnold was always famous for that. So somebody might be making a moral

  • judgment against him.He betrayed the country. Betrayed you know, the people he

  • was supposed to be with so again and this was also you know hundreds at least

  • about you know , several hundred years ago. So okay. Well anyway, I hope you can see

  • somewhat of a difference like I said it's a little tough because in even in

  • some native people's minds they don't often see a big difference between these

  • two. But these are just some hints where one is more likely to be used than the

  • other. Anyway, I hope you got it. I hope it's clear. Thank you for your time. Bye-bye.

Hi this is tutor Nick P and this is lesson 301. Today we're going to look at

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英語導師Nick P. Lesson (301) The Difference Between Notorious and Infamous (臭名昭著和聲名狼藉的區別) (English Tutor Nick P. Lesson (301) The Difference Between Notorious and Infamous)

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    anitawu12 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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