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  • This is the very first image of a black hole.

    這是有史以來第一張黑洞的照片。

  • 8 radio telescopes around the world pooled data to create a picture of a gigantic black hole.

    集合全球 8 座電波望遠鏡的數據資料,才拍出這張巨大黑洞的照片。

  • 6 billion times more massive than our sun, which is 53 million light years away, at the center of galaxy M87.

    它位在 M87 星系中心,距離 5300 萬光年遠,比太陽大了 60 億倍。

  • We have seen what we thought was unseeable.

    我們看到了原本以為是不可見的事物。

  • We have seen and taken a picture of a black hole.

    我們看見,而且拍到了黑洞的照片。

  • You can't see inside a black hole.

    人類無法看進黑洞內部。

  • Because no light or electromagnetic radiation can escape its overwhelming gravitational pull.

    因為黑洞巨大的重力吸引,沒有任何光線或電磁射線能夠逃脫。

  • Instead, the international team has imaged the outer edge, the so-called event horizon, of black hole M87.

    國際團隊的替代作法是繪出 M87 黑洞外緣,也就是所謂的「事件視野」。

  • It shows a bright ring of photons, light particles that would normally travel in a straight line.

    照片顯示一圈光子,這些光子平常以直線行進。

  • Bent instead into a circular path by extreme gravity before they fall into the hole.

    但因極端重力吸引改採環形軌道,最後被吸進黑洞。

  • Inside the ring, we see the shadow of the hole itself.

    在這圈環狀光子裡面,我們看見的陰影就是黑洞。

  • This would not have been possible with any individual observatory.

    倘若是個別觀測研究,肯定無法取得這樣的成果。

  • But over the past two years, the Event Horizon Telescope collaboration has processed radio waves detected by the eight participating telescopes.

    但過去兩年來,「事件視野望遠鏡」共處理了來自 8 座合作望遠鏡的無線電波觀測資料。

  • Which focused on M87 during one week.

    這 8 座望遠鏡在一星期的時間內集中觀測 M87 星系。

  • Combining their data created what is, in effect, an Earth-sized telescope.

    我們所蒐集到的資料,事實上就等於地球尺寸的望遠鏡。

This is the very first image of a black hole.

這是有史以來第一張黑洞的照片。

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黑洞大發現!快看《金融時報》懶人包 (How scientists took first picture of a black hole)

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    Jessieeee   發佈於 2019 年 04 月 12 日
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