字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 [MUSIC PLAYING] CARL AZUZ: "CNN 10" is taking you from the Middle East to South America today, and exploring subjects from international relations to gold mining. I'm Carl Azuz at the CNN Center. Thank you for starting off your week with us. The first story concerns Iran, a nation that was known as Persia until 1979. It used to be a monarchy governed by a Shah, a Persian King. But 40 years ago, that Shah was overthrown and forced into exile. And as a result of the Iranian revolution, the nation became a theocratic republic with Islam as its official religion. One major reason why Iran has been a rival of the United States since around that time is because the US supported the Shah who was overthrown. But there are other reasons, including the fact that the US, the United Nations, and the European Union say Iran is an official sponsor of terrorism. That's why they've imposed sanctions or penalties on Iran's economy. As the Middle Eastern country celebrates a revolution milestone this year, its military is showing off a new ballistic missile, a weapon that is said to be capable of traveling more than 600 miles. An Iranian military official called the missile's development an achievement. But the country's missile program concerns other nations around the world, including the US, because Iran's supreme leader has called for the destruction of Israel, a US ally in the region. [PROTESTERS CHANTING] FREDERIK PLEITGEN: The return from exile of Ayatollah Khomeini in February, 1979, and the overthrow of the US-backed Shah marked the culmination of the Islamic Revolution. Businessman Abdul Kassem Shafei says he organized opposition groups in those days. 40 years later, he believes the revolution produced mixed results. ABDUL KASSEM SHAFEI: [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] FREDERIK PLEITGEN: Religiously and ideologically, the revolution achieved its goals, he says. But economically, due to sanctions and domestic mismanagement, we have not yet reached those goals. [PROTESTERS CHANTING] The Islamic Revolution also an uprising against America's support for the Shah. In late 1979, Iranian students stormed the US embassy in Tehran, capturing and holding hostage more than 50 Americans from more than 400 days. [PROTESTERS CHANTING] US-Iranian relations have never recovered. Hardliners still chanting death to America at Friday prayers, even though Iran's supreme leader recently tried to tone down the rhetoric. ALI KHAMENEI: [NON-ENGLISH SPEECH] FREDERIK PLEITGEN: Let me make something clear for US leaders, he said. Death to America means death to American rulers. We have no problems with the American people. The Trump White House is cracking down on Iran, pulling the US out of a nuclear deal signed by the Obama administration, and hitting the country with sanctions that are crippling its economy, and causing its currency to plummet. The US says Iran is a threat to Israel and America's allies in the Middle East, and lashed out at Iran's ballistic missile program. Iran's answer-- a defense expo praising the rockets. Iran shows no signs of bowing to American and international pressure. The country says it will continue to develop its ballistic missile program, which it says is solely for defense purposes. For the first time, Iran recently released video of one of its underground missile assembly facilities. 40 years after the beginning of the Islamic Revolution, the confrontation between the US and Iran continues. Fred Pleitgen, CNN, Tehran. CARL AZUZ: Second stop this Tuesday is in South America. We've told you how a collapsing economy is leaving many people in Venezuela hungry and unable to get the hygienic and medical supplies they need. Well, help is flowing to Venezuela from nations around the world. But some of it at least has been stopped at the country's western border with Colombia. Beginning last Friday, two truckloads of food and medicine from the United States were prevented from rolling onto Venezuelan soil. The country's president, Nicolas Maduro, said, quote, "we are not beggars." And he added that the humanitarian aid is intended to humiliate Venezuela and justify military aggression. Analysts say it's possible that the government's afraid that the supplies could be used as a cover for an invasion of Venezuela. But Juan Guaido, who declared himself the new Venezuelan president in January, said the aid would be let in, because it's about saving lives, and that the officials who block it are keeping medicines and food from people in need. As inflation in Venezuela spins out of control, with prices for everyday items soaring beyond what residents can pay, countries like Canada and Germany have pledged millions of dollars to help. What's unclear is whether the Maduro administration will accept it. 10 second trivia! Which of these countries uses a currency called the nuevo sol, Chile, Peru, Argentina, or Brazil? The nuevo sol is the currency in the South American nation of Peru. The nuevo sol has also been a relatively stable currency over the past 10 years. It's a reflection of Peru's strong economy, one of the best in Latin America. But though the country's poverty rate has decreased substantially, it's still around 22%, meaning over a fifth of the nation's 31 million people live below the poverty line. That's part of the reason why illegal gold mining has skyrocketed Peru is a major producer of gold, and a lot of the mining there is allowed by the government. But the kind that's not allowed takes only a few hours for someone to learn how to do. It can bring them cash quickly. It's made gold Peru's most valuable illegal export, and the rainforest is paying the price. BILL WEIR: Their illicit two-wheeled taxi service is known as Los Tigres. My driver, one of the thousands of young men who have come from all over Peru, lured by an operation that could net $100 a day or get them killed. We ride for 20 minutes before the lush green begins to thin. The jungle floor turns to sand. A half mile further, and the rainforest is gone. It's like we've entered a completely different ecosystem. From jungle the desert in a matter of feet. - Oh, this didn't exist. These lakes didn't exist. Nothing did, it was just flat forest that we went through. This is all man-made. BILL WEIR: Wow, oh my god! Oh my god! And these are all toxic pools now? - This is all mining pits that are filled in after it's been abandoned with rainwater. BILL WEIR: They use an old, brutal method, merciless on the land, cutting down trees, blasting river banks with diesel-powered firehoses, creating a slurry that gets sifted until-- eureka-- a tiny flake of gold. Since this land only holds two grams of precious metal per ton of mud, mercury is needed to pull the gold from the sludge. And what effect does that mercury have on the living things here, including the people? - Well, it's magic for the mining process, but it's poison for everything else. [GUITAR RIFF] CARL AZUZ: The Kentucky Derby is said to be the oldest continuously held major sporting event in the US. The first race was run in 1875. For the second-oldest sporting event, you have to trade in your horse for a dog. CNN recently visited the Westminster Kennel Club dog show, which started over the weekend in New York City. [DOG BARKING] - Every February, the dogs descend upon Manhattan, and it's for the 142nd annual Westminster Kennel Club dog show. We have over 3,200 dogs coming this year. - This is the meet the breeds. - His name is Teddy. - This is Papa Chew Dallas. - This is a fun time, you know, just to get out and teach people about the breed. - And I really like learning about different breeds of dogs. - We have a boxer kissing booth, because why not? [LAUGHTER] There you go! [DOG BARKING] - You have the fifth annual Masters Agility Championship going on. [APPLAUSE] - This is my first time I ever been. - Yes, Curly, go, go, go, go, go, go! - I've been watching them on TV. And it's just so exciting to see it in person. [CHEERING] - This show is the second-longest continuously held sporting event in the United States. And the reason it's been able to maintain that is the fact that it's about dogs. - I mean, man's best friend. What can't you not like about them? CARL AZUZ: So who will win Best in Show? Will a Doberman pinsch the lead? Will judges be brought to their Pyrenees? Are spotted dogs worth a dalmention, or does it take a toy to Chihuawalk away with victory? You can greyhound us about this all you want, but if you're wondering Weimeraren't we telling you, it's because results haven't been pointed out yet. Those will be settled on Tuesday. Just didn't want you to think we were being Malamute on the subject. I'm Corgill Azuz, and we'll springer back with more for you tomorrow.