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  • CARL AZUZ: Monday, February 4.

  • And we hope your week is off to a good start.

  • I'm Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

  • And today's first topic concerns the United States and Russia.

  • On Friday, the US government announced its plans

  • to pull out of an international agreement

  • that concerns nuclear weapons.

  • On Saturday, the Russian government

  • announced it was also suspending its participation

  • in the agreement.

  • The deal we're talking about is more than three decades old.

  • It was signed when Russia was the dominant part

  • of the Soviet Union.

  • It was called the Intermediate-Range Nuclear

  • Forces Treaty or INF Treaty.

  • What the US and the Soviet Union did was

  • agree to stop making missiles that

  • could be launched from land and could travel

  • between 300 and 3,400 miles.

  • The treaty did not cover missiles that

  • could travel the same distances, but are

  • launched from planes or ships.

  • Why was the treaty made?

  • Because both sides were developing dangerous weapons

  • that could carry nuclear warheads

  • and placing these missiles in Europe.

  • There were concerns that all this

  • was bringing the US and the Soviet Union closer to war.

  • The treaty remained in place after the Soviet

  • Union broke up in 1991.

  • But in 2014, the US government under the Obama administration

  • publicly accused Russia of violating the agreement.

  • And late last week, the Trump administration

  • said the US would leave the deal,

  • unless Russia came back in line within it, within six months.

  • Russia has repeatedly denied that it

  • was violating the treaty.

  • But there's another country--

  • China-- that also may factor into what's taking place.

  • MIKE POMPEO: Good morning, everyone.

  • - The United States announcing today it is suspending one

  • of the last remaining nuclear arms

  • treaties between the US and Russia.

  • MIKE POMPEO: We provided Russia an ample window of time

  • to mend its ways and for Russia to honor its commitment.

  • Tomorrow that time runs out.

  • - The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, or INF,

  • was signed by President Ronald Reagan and then Soviet leader

  • Mikhail Gorbachev in 1987.

  • For the past several years, the US

  • has accused Russia of violating the treaty

  • of developing and deploying medium-range, nuclear-ready

  • missiles.

  • DONALD TRUMP: We can't be put at the disadvantage of going

  • by a treaty, limiting what we do when somebody else

  • doesn't go by that treaty, OK?

  • - The Trump administration says Russia has placed battalions

  • of missiles near the borders of Europe

  • not allowed by the treaty's terms.

  • The missile is called the 9M729.

  • Russia recently showed off the system, but not the missile

  • itself, to journalists and claims

  • that it does abide by the INF.

  • - [SPEAKING RUSSIAN]

  • - Russia has implemented and continues to meticulously

  • implement the requirements of the treaty,

  • this Russian general said, and does not allow

  • for any violations to happen.

  • The goal of the treaty was to prevent the two

  • sides from developing land-based,

  • medium-range nuclear weapons.

  • NATO, whose members are the most threatened

  • by the Russian moves, expressed its full support of the US

  • pulling out, while some experts, including former Secretary

  • of State General Colin Powell, told

  • Jake on "State of the Union" it's a wrong and dangerous

  • thing to do.

  • COLIN POWELL: Now, there are a lot of people now, saying,

  • well, let's-- we got to get out of this treaty, we

  • got to get out of that treaty.

  • Bad, terrible mistakes which we will regret,

  • because they don't make sense.

  • - The biggest concern?

  • Today's move could spark an arms race not just with Russia,

  • but with China, which has not been constrained by the treaty

  • and has grown exponentially more powerful

  • over the past three decades.

  • JOHN KIRBY: China is already developing

  • these capabilities as well as strategic nuclear capabilities.

  • You've got the North Koreans.

  • And of course, the Russians have not only

  • been developing these intermediate-range missiles,

  • but hypersonic and more strategic,

  • nuclear-capable missiles as well.

  • So we're already in a bit of an arms race now.

  • CARL AZUZ: Ten-second trivia--

  • Which of these US government organizations is oldest?

  • Office of Management and Budget, Bureau of Energy Resources,

  • Bureau of Labor Statistics, or Department of Commerce?

  • Established in 1884, the Bureau of Labor Statistics

  • is the oldest organization on this list.

  • On the first Friday of every month,

  • the Bureau of Labor Statistics releases a jobs report.

  • It's seen as one measure of how the US economy as a whole

  • is doing.

  • One thing the report looks at is how many new jobs were

  • added or lost the month before.

  • So in January, the US economy grew by 304,000 jobs.

  • That's considered to be a sign of strong jobs growth.

  • And it came at a time when some economists predicted that only

  • 170,000 jobs would be added.

  • January was the 100th month in a row that jobs grew in America.

  • Wages also went up last month, increasing by 1/10 of 1%.

  • That's less than the 3/10 of a percent that was expected,

  • but it's still a sign of continued wage

  • growth over the past 12 months.

  • The Labor Department says the partial government shutdown

  • that recently ended, but was the longest ever in US history,

  • did not have a noticeable impact on hiring and wages.

  • But it did cause a slight increase in the unemployment

  • rate-- the percentage of the American workforce

  • that doesn't have a job.

  • In December, that rate was 3.9%.

  • In January, it was 4%.

  • Jobs, wages, and unemployment are

  • three highlights of the report, but there's a lot more to it

  • than that.

  • CHRISTINE ROMANS: It's the Super Bowl of economic statistics,

  • the monthly jobs report known technically

  • as the "Employment Situation Summary" or non-farm payrolls.

  • Two statistics received the most attention,

  • of course-- the jobless rate currently

  • near the lowest in a generation and the number of net new jobs

  • created.

  • Now, the jobs report is actually two different surveys--

  • one of employers asking them how many employees they have.

  • And one of regular people, asking if they are working.

  • Every month we learn where people

  • are working in America's hospitals,

  • factories, shopping malls.

  • And put together, the data show how big

  • the American labor market is.

  • Right now, about 163 million people.

  • How many people are unemployed?

  • About 6.3 million.

  • And how many people are not counted in the labor force?

  • Millions more.

  • Oh, but there's a lot more in there--

  • jobless rates by age, race, and gender,

  • the share of workers who would like to be working full time,

  • but can only find part-time work,

  • the unemployed, the underemployed,

  • and the not even counted--

  • think stay-at-home parents, retirees, students.

  • There's something called the labor force participation rate.

  • It's the percentage of the population older

  • than 16 years old, either working or unemployed,

  • but looking for work.

  • This is an important statistic.

  • It's around 63%.

  • So the jobs report outlines who is working, where, and for how

  • much.

  • Wage growth has been slow in the recent recovery,

  • so economists have been carefully

  • watching the wage component recently climbing above 3%.

  • - Six more weeks of winter to go!

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • - He and I just basically go eye to eye,

  • and you see some positive vibes or some not positive vibes.

  • Look at me.

  • Phil!

  • Phil!

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

  • Punxsutawney Phil, the Seer of Seers, the Prognosticator

  • of all Prognosticators was awakened

  • at sunrise from his burrow.

  • - It's Groundhog Day!

  • - Groundhog time.

  • - A thousand people waiting to worship a rat.

  • - Back when we did this, if we got 4 to 500 people come,

  • we thought we had a lot.

  • And now, what's happened is it just got

  • bigger, and bigger, and bigger.

  • The movie has given us a lot of attention.

  • OPRAH WINFREY: How many people were there this past February?

  • - We had over 8,000 people.

  • - (SINGING) Punxsutawney Phil.

  • He's the Seer of all Seers, Punxsutawney Phil.

  • CARL AZUZ: Looks like spring is going to come early this year

  • for America, that is if you trust a Pennsylvania groundhog

  • to predict it accurately.

  • Punxsutawney Phil came out of his burrow Saturday morning

  • and did not see his shadow.

  • What that means as far as the legend goes

  • is that spring is on the way.

  • This actually dates back to ancient methods of trying

  • to predict the weather.

  • A sunny sky on February 2 was said

  • to mean that six more weeks of stormy winter weather

  • were ahead.

  • A cloudy sky meant spring was coming early.

  • The groundhog in question is not accurate.

  • The US government says he's right about 40% of the time.

  • His counterpart in Georgia, General Beauregard Lee,

  • is said to be slightly more accurate.

  • And he saw his shadow, indicating more

  • cold could still be to come.

  • You might be able to beat your little brother at Jenga.

  • But could you beat a robot?

  • Engineers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • have built one that uses a gripper, a sensor that

  • detects force and a camera.

  • Its purpose?

  • To dominate the tower game of 54 blocks.

  • OK, but so what?

  • Well, the makers say their robot could eventually help out

  • in assembling the things we buy or separating

  • recyclable objects from trash.

  • So is this a towering achievement?

  • Will it topple the human champion?

  • Will it loosen a whole other level to the game

  • that brings it to new heights?

  • We wouldn't know right now.

  • And we haven't Jengot enough time left to extract an answer.

  • But we can say it stacks up the block party.

  • The puns have come crashing down on CNN 10.

  • I'm Carl Azuz.

  • [MUSIC PLAYING]

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