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  • African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly.

    非洲豬瘟通常是由豬和野豬屍體所引發的病毒性疾病,

  • There are neither vaccines nor cures.

    既沒有疫苗也沒有解藥。

  • For this reason, it has serious socio-economic consequences in affected countries.

    基於這原因,會對疫區國家造成嚴重的社會經濟影響。

  • The virus can persist for several months in the environment and in carcasses.

    病毒可以在環境及屍體中存留數個月,

  • Curing or smoking pork products does not always destroy it.

    醃肉或燻肉產品也無法消滅病毒。

  • Humans are not susceptible to the disease, but they can spread it through contaminated clothes or equipment.

    人類不會受到疾病感染,但病毒會透過受感染的衣物或裝備來傳播。

  • The clinical signs of African swine fever are variable and not always easy to recognise.

    非洲豬瘟的臨床症狀多變並不容易辨識,

  • Typically, diseased animals will show some or all of the following symptoms:

    一般來說,受感染的動物會有以下部分或全部症狀:

  • High fever.

    高燒

  • Weakness and reluctance to stand.

    虛弱,不願意移動

  • Vomiting.

    嘔吐

  • Diarrhoea (sometimes bloody).

    腹瀉 (有時血便)

  • Red or blue coloured skin, particularly around the ears and snout.

    皮膚上出現紅色或藍色斑點,尤其是耳部、鼻部

  • Coughing and difficulty breathing.

    咳嗽、呼吸困難

  • Miscarriage, stillbirths and weak litters.

    母豬流產、死產,生下的幼崽虛弱

  • Most of the diseased animals will die within 10 days.

    大多數病豬會在 10 天內死亡

  • Domestic pigs can be infected in a number of ways including:

    家豬感染非洲豬瘟途徑如下:

  • Contact with contagious pigs purchased in affected areas.

    接觸從疫區來的病豬

  • Being fed with kitchen waste (it has been regulated and prohibited by EU law since 1980).

    餵豬吃廚餘 ( 歐盟自 1980 年就立法規定禁止 )

  • Contact with contaminated materials, for instance from people wearing contaminated footwear or clothing.

    接觸受病毒汙染的東西,舉例來說,人類受感染的鞋子或衣物

  • Contact your official veterinarian immediately if you suspect African swine fever has infected your herd.

    如果懷疑自己的豬隻感染非洲豬瘟,立即連繫政府部門的獸醫

  • Do not move your animals from the farm.

    不要把豬隻從養豬場移走

  • Always change clothing and footwear when leaving the farm.

    離開養豬場後一定要更換衣服鞋子

  • Before purchasing feed, litter or pigs, ensure that they come from trustworthy farms that have carried out the necessary measures to protect their farms from the virus.

    買豬飼料、豬幼崽或成豬前,確保牠們的上游養殖場來源可靠,並確認他們完成必要的防疫檢驗。

  • Do not allow your pigs to have contact with wild boar or pigs from other farms.

    不要讓家豬接觸外頭的野豬或其他養殖場的豬

  • Never feed kitchen waste to pigs.

    不要餵食豬隻廚餘。

  • Avoid outdoor farming in areas affected by African swine fever.

    不要在曾發生非洲豬瘟的地區養豬

  • Do not acquire pork or pork products from affected areas which could cause risk.

    不要從疫區購買豬肉或豬肉製品,這只會增加風險。

  • Wild boar hunters should not come into contact with domestic pigs after hunting.

    野豬獵人在打獵後不要接觸家豬。

  • Hunters and farmers should not leave offal from wild boar or domestic pigs in the fields and forests.

    獵人和農民不應將野豬或家豬的內臟留在田野和森林中。

  • Do not leave food or waste in areas where wild boar may be present.

    不要遺留食物及廚餘在有野豬存在的地區。

  • Contact official veterinary authorities when you find a dead wild boar even if the area has not been affected by African swine fever.

    當你發現有死亡野豬時,即使這個地區沒受到非洲豬瘟影響,請你聯繫官方獸醫專家。

African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs and wild boar that is usually deadly.

非洲豬瘟通常是由豬和野豬屍體所引發的病毒性疾病,

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非洲豬瘟:如何領先一步? (African Swine Fever: how to stay one step ahead)

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    吱吱 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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