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  • Hello I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

    哈囉,我是 mmmEnglish 的 Emma!

  • I've got a pronunciation lesson for you today,

    我今天為你們準備發音課程,

  • one that I think you'll find incredibly useful.

    我認為你們會覺得非常有用的一個課程。

  • I'm going to give you some tips that will help you to pronounce thousands of English words.

    我會給你們一些技巧,幫助你們正確唸出上千個英文單字。

  • Words that end in -tion.

    字尾為 -tion 的單字。

  • Now I bet that you're already thinking of some examples of English words that end in -tion, aren't you?

    我相信你們已經想到不少 -tion 結尾的英文單字,沒錯吧?

  • There are so many!

    有非常多都是!

  • This part of the word is a suffix,

    這個字後面的部分叫做後綴,

  • a common ending in an English word.

    這是英文單字中常見的結尾。

  • Now words that end like this in English are almost always a noun.

    現在英文單字以這樣做結尾的幾乎都是名詞。

  • And the pronunciation of this syllable is always unstressed.

    而這個音節的發音總是輕音。

  • It's always an unstressed syllable which means it's really quick.

    它一直都是輕音的音節,代表它非常快。

  • Yeah, -tion is pronounced

    沒錯,-tion 是要這樣發音

  • If it was written like it's supposed to sound

    如果把它寫下來的話,它的發音應該是

  • it would be like this..

    它會長得像這樣...

  • Well phonetically it's

    按照語音學上來說,應該是

  • ʃ

    ʃ

  • ə

    ə

  • n

    n

  • These are the phonetic symbols, the sounds, not the letters.

    這些都是音標、聲音,而不是字母。

  • ʃ - an unvoiced consonant sound.

    ʃ — 無聲子音。

  • ə - the unstressed vowel sound, the schwa.

    ə — 輕母音:中性母音。

  • And n - a voiced consonant sound.

    以及 n — 有聲子音。

  • Now bring all of those sounds together and you get

    現在把這些所有音組合在一起,你就會得出

  • -tion.

    -tion.

  • It's really, really fast.

    它真的真的唸很快。

  • In fact, often the schwa sound is absorbed into the consonant sounds.

    事實上,經常會將中性母音吸收進子音中。

  • Because it's unstressed, we hardly hear it at all.

    因為它是輕音,我們幾乎聽不到它。

  • So if you see it in a dictionary written like this,

    所以,如果你在字典裡看到這樣的寫法,

  • it means that the sound is absorbed into the consonant sounds around it.

    代表這個聲音會吸收進附近的子音中。

  • Now these words are a special bonus for Spanish and Portuguese, Italian and French and German and Dutch native speakers

    現在這些單字是為西班牙文、葡萄牙文、義大利文、法文、德文,以及荷蘭文母語人士特別準備的,

  • because there are patterns between words in your language and words in English

    因為在你們的語言和英文中,有的單字存在著一些模式,

  • which means you instantly know the meaning of thousands of English words.

    這代表你可以馬上了解上千個英文單字的意思。

  • The pronunciation rules that you learn in this lesson will help you to correctly pronounce all of these words in English.

    你在這堂課所學到的發音規則,將幫助你正確唸出英文中的這些字。

  • Okay let's build up with some extra syllables to practise using this suffix within some bigger words.

    好的,那我們慢慢拉長額外的音節,在其他更長的單字中練習這個後綴。

  • Okay? Practise out loud with me.

    好嗎? 和我一起大聲練習。

  • Caution.

    小心

  • Tradition.

    傳統

  • Frustration.

    挫折

  • Conversation.

    對話

  • Now there are a couple of exceptions to this pronunciation rule.

    這個發音規則也有幾個例外。

  • Just a couple, so don't worry!

    就只有幾個而已,別擔心!

  • When the consonant sound is the sound right before the -tion,

    當子音的聲音就正在 -tion 前時,

  • the pronunciation becomes /tʃən/ instead of

    發音就會變成 /tʃən/,而不是

  • instead of

    也不是

  • Question.

    問題

  • Exhaustion.

    疲憊

  • Digestion.

    消化

  • One of the wonderful patterns that exists in English is that you can attach -tion to the end of many verbs to create a noun.

    英文中有一個很奇妙的模式,就是你可以將 -tion 加到很多動詞後面,把它們通通變成名詞。

  • It creates the noun that is the action of the verb.

    創造出動詞動作的名詞。

  • I mean take a look at how many there are,

    我想說的是,看看它們有多少,

  • and these are just a few!

    而這些只是一部分而已!

  • In an earlier lesson, I talked about the importance of word stress in spoken English.

    在之前的課程裡,我談過單字重音在英文口語的重要性。

  • Using the correct word stress will help you to sound much more natural when you speak English.

    正確唸出單字重音,可以幫助你在說英文時聽起來更自然。

  • Like I said, the -tion suffix is always unstressed.

    如我所說的, -tion 的後綴都是輕音。

  • So which syllable should you stress?

    所以哪個音節你要發重音呢?

  • It's actually simple, it's the syllable before -tion.

    其實非常簡單,就是 -tion 前的那個音節。

  • The stress pattern is consistent throughout English pronunciation.

    在整個英文的發音中,重音的模式都是一致的。

  • The syllable before -tion is the stressed syllable.

    -tion 前的音節都是重音音節。

  • Action.

    動作

  • Caution.

    小心

  • Tradition.

    傳統

  • Frustration.

    挫折

  • Connection.

    連結

  • Donation.

    捐贈

  • Repetition.

    重複

  • Inspiration.

    靈感

  • Construction.

    建造

  • Invention.

    發明

  • Infection.

    傳染

  • Description.

    描述

  • Collection.

    收集

  • Interruption.

    打斷

  • Population.

    人口

  • Celebration.

    慶祝

  • Innovation.

    創新

  • Transformation.

    變化

  • It's consistent across all syllables.

    所有音節都是一致的。

  • -tion doesn't have to be the final suffix either, it can followed by -al or -ally.

    -tion 也不一定是最後的後綴,後面可以加上 -al或-ally。

  • Traditional. Traditionally.

  • International.

  • Internationally.

  • But the stress pattern is exactly the same - even now!

    即使是現在,重音的模式完全是一樣的!

  • The stress syllable is the one before -tion

    重音音節就在 -tion 的前面

  • International.

  • Traditionally.

  • Well that's it for this lesson!

    好的,這就是今天的課程!

  • I hope that this little pronunciation tip

    我希望這小小的發音訣竅,

  • showed you just how easy it is to start practising the correct pronunciation of all of these words.

    可以證明開始練習這些單字的正確發音有多簡單。

  • Remember that there are thousands of them in English.

    要記得,它們在英文中是有上千個的。

  • Make sure you subscribe and check out some of my other pronunciation lessons right here.

    一定要訂閱我的頻道,並看看我這裡其他的發音課程。

  • Thanks for watching today and I'll see you next week.

    謝謝你們今天的觀看,我們下星期見。

  • Bye for now!

    先這樣囉,拜拜!

Hello I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

哈囉,我是 mmmEnglish 的 Emma!

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英文發音課程:字尾為 tion 的單字 (English Pronunciation Lesson | -TION suffix)

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    Emily 發佈於 2018 年 11 月 12 日
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