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  • Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

    哈囉,歡迎來到 6 分鐘看 BBC 學英文,我是 Neil。

  • And I'm Sam.

    我是 Sam。

  • And we are sitting here in new broadcasting house, in the middle of London.


  • Would you say, Sam, that this is an isolated place?


  • Oh no, not at all. Isolated means far away from other places and people.

    完全不會啊。「被孤立的」(isolated) 代表離其他地方、其他人都很遙遠。

  • Does that mean then, do you think, that you can't be lonely here, with all these people around and all these things to do?


  • Ah, good question. Can you be lonely in a crowd?


  • Yes, of course.


  • I think you can be because being lonely isn't about physical isolation.


  • I think you can be lonely anywhere.


  • If you feel that you are disconnected from the world around you.


  • If you feel that no one understands you.


  • If you are living happily in isolation in The Scottish Highlands, for example, I'm sure you could feel lonely if you came here to London.


  • Well, loneliness is today's topic.


  • The BBC has just completed a big survey about it which we will learn more about shortly.

    BBC 對此完成了一項完整的調查,我們稍後會講得更仔細。

  • But first, of course, a question: Where is the most isolated inhabited place on the planet?


  • By which I mean the place furthest away from anywhere else with the fewest people living there.


  • Is it: a) McMurdo Station in Antarctica.

    有以下幾個選項:選項 A 南極洲的麥克默多站。

  • b) Siwa Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert.

    選項 B 埃及西部沙漠的錫瓦綠洲。

  • Or is it c) the island of Tristan da Cunha in the South Atlantic?

    還是選項 C 南大西洋的崔斯坦達庫尼亞?

  • What do you think, Sam?


  • I've got absolutely no idea, so this is just a guess - I think it's the one in Antarctica. I'm going to go with that.


  • Well, we'll have the answer later on in the program.


  • Loneliness is seen as a big problem for the mental health of the population, so much so that the British government has a minister for loneliness.


  • But which age group suffers most from loneliness?


  • Here is a BBC report about the research.

    這裡是 BBC 的研究報告。

  • There is a common stereotype that loneliness affects only the old and the isolated.


  • It does, but this experiment also shows that loneliness is felt throughout life.


  • People aged between 16 and 24 experience loneliness more often and more intensely than any other age group.

    16 歲到 24 歲的人們較常經歷寂寞感,且感受也會比其他年齡層強烈很多。

  • So according to the research, Sam, which section of society is most affected by loneliness?


  • This might be a surprise, but it's 16 to 24 year olds.

    結果可能令人感到意外,答案是 16 歲到 24 歲。

  • I was surprised by that because like many, I would've guessed that it was older people.


  • The reporter did say that that was a stereotype.


  • A stereotype is nothing to do with stereo music.

    刻板印象 (stereotype) 跟跟立體音樂 (stereo music) 沒關係。

  • But it's the noun we use to describe a very simple and basic judgement of someone and their character and personality based on their age, nationality, profession and so on.

    stereotype 是一個名詞,意思是根據年齡、國籍、職業等特徵來進行非常簡單和基本的判斷某人的個性及性格。

  • So a stereotype of British people is that we can't cook, we have bad teeth, we are very reserved and never say what we mean.


  • I don't know what you mean, my cooking is wonderful, Sam.


  • And the stereotype is that old people get lonely.


  • Much like the stereotypes of British people, this may be true in some cases.


  • I've eaten some of your home-cooked meals remember, Neil - but it's not true for the majority.


  • It is young people who feel lonely more often and more intensely.


  • The feeling of loneliness is stronger in young people than older people.


  • The reporter goes on to give some explanation for why young people might be more lonely.


  • Researchers from the University of Manchester who analyzed the data, suggested feeling lonely may plague the young because it's a time of identity change.


  • Figuring out your place in the world and of learning to regulate emotions.


  • He says that feeling lonely may plague young people, what does he mean there?


  • If you are plagued by something, it means that it troubles you, it bothers you and not just once.

    如果你受到某樣事物危害 (plagued) 代表它正在困擾你、騷擾你,而且不只一次。

  • It's something that happens continually or repeatedly.


  • And he says this may be because at that age we are still figuring out our place in the world.


  • We are trying to understand the world and what we are supposed to do with our lives.


  • He also suggests that younger people have not yet learned how to "regulate" their emotions, which is another way of saying to control their emotions.

    他也指出年輕人還沒學會該如何去「掌控」(regulate) 自己的情緒;也就是指如何控制情緒。

  • Right. Time to review this week's vocabulary, but before that let's have the answer to the quiz.


  • I asked: Where is the most isolated inhabited place on the planet? Is it:


  • a) McMurdo Station in Antarctica.

    選項 A 南極洲的麥克默多站。

  • b) Siwa Oasis in Egypt's Western Desert.

    選項 B 埃及西部沙漠的錫瓦綠洲。

  • Or c) the island of Tristan da Cunha in the South Atlantic?

    還是選項 C 南太平洋的崔斯坦達庫尼亞?

  • What did you say, Sam?


  • Sam: I said a).

    我覺得是選項 A。

  • Well, I'm afraid to say the answer is actually c) the island of Tristan da Cunha in the South Atlantic.

    這個嘛,不好意思答案其實是選項 C 南大西洋的崔斯坦達庫尼亞。

  • It has a population of fewer than 300 and it's only accessible by a 6-day voyage by ship from South Africa.

    此地的人口少於 300 人,只有一艘從南非出發的六日遊船隻可以抵達。

  • So not a popular place for a weekend break!


  • Indeed not. Now it's time for a recap of our vocabulary.


  • The first word was isolated, which Tristan da Cunha certainly is.


  • It means far away from other place and people.


  • Then there was stereotype the noun for a simplistic view of person or group based on their nationality, age, profession and the like.

    再來是名詞 stereotype,意思是根據年齡、國籍、職業等等的特徵來進行非常基本的判斷。

  • Intensely means strongly.

    Intensely 代表很強烈地。

  • Being plagued by something means it causes you problems and difficulties.

    being plagued by something 意思是某件事物正在困擾你,騷擾你。

  • If you are trying to figure something out, you are trying to understand it.

    figure something out 代表你正在試著去理解一件事。

  • And to regulate something means to control it.

    regulate 某件事物代表去控制它。

  • Well, sadly, that's the end of the program.


  • Hopefully you won't feel too lonely without us.


  • Remember we are always here on Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube our App and of course the website

    記得我們永遠都在 Instagram、Facebook、Twitter、YouTube、 我們的 App 及網站

  • See you soon. Goodbye.


  • Bye!


Hello. Welcome to 6 Minute English, I'm Neil.

哈囉,歡迎來到 6 分鐘看 BBC 學英文,我是 Neil。

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為什麼年輕人都感到寂寞?(Why do young people feel so lonely? Listen to 6 Minute English)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2019 年 02 月 28 日