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  • Hi, I'm Justin.

    嗨,我是賈斯汀。

  • Welcome to Oxford Online English!

    歡迎來到牛津在線英語!

  • In this lesson, you can see what you need to do to get band seven in the IELTS speaking

    在本節課中,大家可以看看雅思口語要想拿到第七段,你需要做什麼?

  • exam.

    考。

  • To get band seven in the IELTS speaking exam, you need to speak at a high level.

    要想在雅思口語考試中拿到第七段,你需要有很高的口語水準。

  • There's no other way; no one gets band seven for IELTS without speaking really good English.

    沒有別的辦法,如果沒有非常好的英語口語,沒有人可以拿到雅思第七段。

  • However, you also need to know how the exam works, how the scoring works, and how to prepare

    但是,你還需要了解考試的方式、評分的方式以及如何準備。

  • for your IELTS speaking test.

    為您的雅思口語考試保駕護航。

  • In this video, you'll see exactly what to do to get band seven in the four parts of

    在這段視頻中,你將看到究竟該如何在四個部分中獲得帶七。

  • your IELTS speaking score.

    你的雅思口語成績。

  • You'll also see some common problems that IELTS candidates have, and we'll share some

    你也會看到一些雅思考生常見的問題,我們會分享一些

  • practical exercises to help you prepare for your speaking exam and improve your IELTS

    實戰演練,幫助你備戰口語考試,提高雅思成績。

  • speaking score!

    說話得分!

  • But first, I just mentionedthe four parts of your IELTS speaking score.”

    但首先,我剛才提到了 "雅思口語成績的四個部分"。

  • Do you know what those are?

    你知道那些是什麼嗎?

  • Your final IELTS speaking score is actually an average of four different scores.

    你最終的雅思口語成績其實是四種不同分數的平均值。

  • First is fluency and coherence.

    首先是流暢性和連貫性。

  • This means whether you can speak without pausing or hesitating, and whether you can answer

    這意味著你是否能在說話時不停頓、不猶豫,以及是否能回答

  • questions fully and directly.

    問題充分而直接。

  • Next is lexical resource.

    其次是詞彙資源。

  • This basically means 'vocabulary'.

    這基本上是指'詞彙量'。

  • This score focuses on your ability to use a wide range of vocabulary accurately.

    這個分值主要考察你準確使用各種詞彙的能力。

  • Third is grammatical range and accuracy.

    三是文法範圍和準確性。

  • To get a high score here, you need to use a wide range of grammar structures without

    要想在這裡得到高分,你需要使用廣泛的語法結構,而不是

  • making mistakes.

    犯錯。

  • Finally, you get a score for pronunciation.

    最後,你會得到一個發音的分數。

  • This depends both on how clear your pronunciation is, and whether you use features of native

    這既要看你的發音是否清晰,也要看你是否使用了母語的特點。

  • speech, like natural intonation.

    語音,如自然語調。

  • We'll look at these four scores in more detail during this class.

    我們在這節課上會詳細研究這四個成績。

  • If you want to read the scoring system, you can, and you should!

    如果你想看評分系統,你可以,也應該看!

  • There's a link underneath the video.

    視頻下面有一個鏈接。

  • Let's start with your fluency and coherence score, and what you can do to improve it.

    讓我們從你的流暢性和連貫性分數開始,以及你可以做什麼來提高它。

  • To get band seven in your fluency and coherence score, you need to speak without hesitating

    要想在流暢性和連貫性方面獲得第七段的分數,你需要毫不猶豫地說話。

  • much, stay on topic, and use linking words well.

    多,緊扣主題,善用鏈接詞。

  • It's okay to hesitate occasionally, for example because you need one or two seconds

    偶爾猶豫一下也沒關係,比如說因為你需要一兩秒鐘的時間。

  • to remember a word.

    來記住一個字。

  • However, if you hesitate often, then getting band seven is difficult.

    然而,如果你經常猶豫不決,那麼得到帶七就很難了。

  • 'Linking words' here includes very simple connectors, like and, but or for example.

    這裡的'連接詞'包括很簡單的連接詞,比如and,but或者for example。

  • You don't need to use formal or academic language in your IELTS speaking test.

    在雅思口語考試中,你不需要使用正式或學術性的語言。

  • In fact, it could even hurt your score.

    事實上,它甚至會影響你的分數。

  • So, what should you do?

    那麼,你應該怎麼做呢?

  • First, identify your biggest weaknesses.

    首先,找出自己最大的弱點。

  • Here are some common problems which could stop you getting band seven:

    以下是一些常見的問題,可能會阻止你獲得帶七。

  • You pause and hesitate a lot when you speak You give short answers.

    你說話的時候會停頓和猶豫,你的回答很簡短。

  • You go off-topic.

    你跑題了。

  • You speak in short, simple sentences, without using linking words.

    你說話的句子很短,很簡單,不使用連接詞。

  • What do you think; what's your number one problem?

    你怎麼看;你的首要問題是什麼?

  • It's important to choose one.

    選擇一個很重要。

  • To improve, it's better to focus on one thing at a time.

    要想提高,還是集中精力做一件事吧。

  • Got an idea?

    有想法嗎?

  • So, here's what you do.

    所以,這就是你要做的。

  • Choose a common IELTS speaking topic.

    選擇一個常見的雅思口語話題。

  • Choose one topic and record yourself talking about it for one minute.

    選擇一個話題,錄下自己談論的一分鐘。

  • Listen to the recording.

    聽聽這段錄音。

  • Next, check for problems.

    其次,檢查問題。

  • For example, if you said your biggest weakness is hesitating and pausing, then listen to

    例如,如果你說你最大的弱點是猶豫和停頓,那就聽一聽

  • your recording and count the number of times you pause.

    你的錄音,並計算你暫停的次數。

  • Count every time you stop, every time you say 'um', 'er' or something like that.

    每次你停下來,每次你說 "嗯","呃 "或類似的東西時,都要數。

  • Then, repeat the task, and try to improve.

    然後,重複任務,努力提高。

  • For example, if you're working on hesitations and pauses, then try to get fewer hesitations

    例如,如果你正在研究猶豫和停頓,那麼就儘量減少猶豫的次數

  • and pauses the second time.

    並停頓第二次。

  • If you're working on giving longer answers, then try to get closer to one minute.

    如果你正在努力給出較長的答案,那麼儘量接近一分鐘。

  • After you improve your answer, set yourself a new challenge.

    在你提高了自己的答案之後,給自己設定一個新的挑戰。

  • For example, you can choose a different topic, or you can try to talk for longer.

    例如,你可以選擇不同的話題,或者你可以嘗試更長的時間來說話。

  • Try to talk for two minutes without hesitating, or three.

    儘量說話兩分鐘,不要猶豫,或者三分鐘。

  • You might need some help here.

    你可能需要一些幫助

  • For example, students who go off topic generally don't realise they're going off topic;

    比如,走題的學生一般不會意識到自己走題了。

  • that's part of the problem.

    這就是問題的一部分。

  • In this case, you might need feedback from a friend or a teacher.

    在這種情況下,你可能需要朋友或老師的反饋。

  • Use of linking words is more difficult to practice by yourself, but here's a simple

    鏈接詞的使用自己練習起來比較困難,但這裡有一個簡單的

  • exercise you can do: write down a list of simple linking words, like this:

    你可以做的練習:寫下一個簡單的鏈接詞列表,比如這樣。

  • Do the same activity: choose a topic and speak for one minute.

    做同樣的活動:選擇一個話題,講一分鐘。

  • Try to use all of the linking words on your list.

    儘量使用清單上所有的連接詞。

  • Listen to your recording, and cross off the linking words when you use them.

    聽聽你的錄音,用的時候把連接詞劃掉。

  • If you don't use them all, try again.

    如果你沒有全部用上,再試試。

  • If you can use them all, make the task more difficult: make your list longer, and try

    如果你能全部使用它們,那就把任務變得更難:把你的清單拉長,並嘗試

  • to speak for more time.

    要多說幾句。

  • Practice regularly with different topics, and your fluency should improve.

    經常用不同的題目練習,你的流利程度應該會有所提高。

  • Next, what about your vocabulary score?

    接下來,你的詞彙量成績如何?

  • To get band seven for your vocabulary score in your IELTS speaking test, you need to:

    要想在雅思口語考試中拿到詞彙成績的第七段,你需要。

  • use vocabulary to talk about different topics, use some less common vocabulary, use collocations,

    用詞彙來談論不同的話題,使用一些不太常用的詞彙,使用搭配。

  • use register appropriately, and use paraphrase.

    適當使用註冊表,並使用釋義。

  • Let's see what these things mean!

    讓我們看看這些東西是什麼意思!

  • 'Collocations' are word combinations.

    '搭配'是詞語組合。

  • For example, think about the word complex.

    比如,想想複雜這個詞。

  • What things can be complex?

    哪些事情會很複雜?

  • You could have a complex situation, a complex question, a complex personality, or a complex

    你可能有複雜的情況,複雜的問題,複雜的性格,或者複雜的。

  • idea.

    觀念。

  • There are others, but that's not the point.

    還有其他的,但這不是重點。

  • It's not enough to know a word, like complex, you also need to know how to combine the words

    僅僅知道一個詞是不夠的,比如複雜,你還需要知道如何將這些詞組合起來。

  • you know.

    你知道的

  • 'Register' means whether the language you use is formal or informal.

    '註冊'是指你使用的語言是正式的還是非正式的。

  • In the IELTS speaking test, the most common mistake is trying to speak much too formally.

    在雅思口語考試中,最常見的錯誤就是想說得太正式。

  • If you use words in an unnatural way, it will hurt your score.

    如果你用詞不自然,會影響你的分數。

  • Your goal is to communicate clearly and naturally, not formally.

    你的目標是清晰自然地溝通,而不是形式上的。

  • Finally, 'paraphrase' means using a range of language to avoid repetition.

    最後,"轉述 "是指使用一系列的語言,避免重複。

  • Let's look at an example.

    我們來看一個例子。

  • The examiner asks: Tell me about your free time.

    考官問道。告訴我你的空閒時間。

  • You say:

    你說

  • In my free time, I enjoy reading books.

    閒暇時間,我喜歡看書。

  • Whenever I have free time, I like to read different kinds of books, especially historical

    一有空閒時間,我就喜歡看不同類型的書,尤其是歷史類的書。

  • fiction or fantasy.

    虛構或幻想。

  • I usually have free time at the weekends, so I read books as much as I can.

    我平時週末有空閒時間,就儘量多看書。

  • In many ways, this is a good answer.

    從很多方面來說,這是一個很好的答案。

  • However, there's a problem; can you see it?

    然而,有一個問題,你能看到嗎?

  • It's too repetitive.

    太重複了。

  • The candidate uses the words free time and read books too much.

    考生用空閒時間、看書太多等字眼。

  • Paraphrase means that you use different language to avoid this.

    轉述的意思是,你用不同的語言來避免這種情況。

  • For example:

    例如:

  • In my free time, I enjoy reading books.

    閒暇時間,我喜歡看書。

  • Whenever I have some time to myself, I like to sit down with a good book, especially historical

    每當我有時間的時候,我都喜歡坐下來讀一本好書,尤其是歷史書。

  • fiction or fantasy.

    虛構或幻想。

  • I don't have to work at the weekends, which lets me read as much as I want.

    我週末不用上班,這讓我想看多少就看多少。

  • This answer has the same ideas as the first answer you saw, but it uses a wider range

    這個答案與你看到的第一個答案有相同的想法,但它使用的範圍更廣。

  • of language to avoid repetition.

    的語言,避免重複。

  • So, now you know what you need to do to get band seven for vocabulary.

    所以,現在你知道要想獲得詞彙的帶七,需要做什麼了吧。

  • But, how can you improve?

    但是,如何改進呢?

  • First, focus on collocations.

    第一,注重搭配。

  • Most IELTS students who we meet have enough vocabulary to get band seven, but they can't

    我們遇到的大部分雅思學生,詞彙量都足夠考到第七段,但他們卻考不到

  • combine the words they know correctly.

    把他們認識的字正確地組合起來。

  • Here's an exercise: read something in English every day.

    這裡有一個練習:每天讀一些英文的東西。

  • It can be anything: a news article, a blog post, part of a story

    它可以是任何東西:一篇新聞,一篇博客文章,一個故事的一部分......。

  • Anything is fine.

    什麼都可以。

  • In the text, try to find 5-10 new collocations using only words you already know.

    在課文中,試著只用你已經認識的單詞,找出5-10個新的搭配。

  • The idea is not to learn new words; instead, your goal is to find new ways to use your

    我們的目的不是學習新的單詞,而是尋找新的方法來使用你的。

  • existing vocabulary.

    現有詞彙。

  • You can also use a dictionary to find new collocations.

    你也可以用字典來尋找新的搭配。

  • For example, imagine that you're reading a news article and you see the phrase energy

    例如,想象一下,你正在閱讀一篇新聞文章,你看到了能源這個詞組。

  • use.

    使用。

  • You already know the words energy and use, so you learn this collocation.

    你已經認識了能、用兩個字,那你就學這個搭配。

  • Next, look up the word energy in the dictionary, and find 2-3 more collocations, like:

    接下來,在字典裡查一下能量這個詞,再找2-3個搭配,比如。

  • energy consumption green energy

    能源消耗 綠色能源

  • conserve energy

    節約能源

  • Keep track of your new collocations using digital flashcard apps like Quizlet or Anki.

    使用Quizlet或Anki等數字閃卡應用程序跟蹤你的新拼寫。

  • By improving your knowledge of collocations, you'll be able to use a wider range of vocabulary

    通過提高您的搭配知識,您將能夠使用更廣泛的詞彙。

  • in your IELTS speaking exam, and this will also help you to paraphrase.

    在你的雅思口語考試中,這也會幫助你進行復述。

  • It's also important to read and listen in English regularly to build your vocabulary,

    此外,經常用英語閱讀和聽力來積累詞彙量也很重要。

  • although this is a long process.

    雖然這是一個漫長的過程。

  • Next, what about your grammar score?

    接下來,你的文法成績如何?

  • To get band seven for grammar, you need to do two things.

    要想獲得文法的第七段,你需要做兩件事。

  • One: you need to use a range of 'complex grammatical structures'.

    一:你需要使用一系列 "複雜的語法結構"。

  • Two: you need to make 'frequent error-free sentences'.

    二:你要做'經常性的無錯句'。

  • 'Complex structures' here does not mean that you need to use very formal or academic

    這裡的'複雜結構'並不是說你要用很正式或很學術的方式

  • language, as we mentioned before.

    語言,正如我們之前提到的。

  • It means that you need to use different verb tenses, sentence structures, conjunctions

    這意味著你需要使用不同的動詞時態、句子結構、連詞。

  • and so on.

    諸如此類。

  • For example, imagine the examiner asks you:

    比如,想象考官問你。

  • What kind of food do you prefer?

    你喜歡吃什麼食物?

  • You answer:

    你來回答。

  • I prefer Asian food.

    我更喜歡亞洲食品。

  • I like strong flavours and spicy food, so I particularly like Thai food, Indian food,

    我喜歡味道濃烈、辛辣的食物,所以我特別喜歡泰國菜、印度菜。

  • and so on.

    諸如此類。

  • I'm quite keen on Japanese food as well.

    我也挺喜歡吃日本料理的。

  • I think Indian food is probably my favourite.

    我想印度菜可能是我的最愛。

  • This is a good answer in many ways, but it does not have enough grammatical range to

    這在很多方面都是一個很好的答案,但它的文法範圍不夠大,無法做到

  • get band seven.

    得到第七段。

  • Can you see why?

    你能明白為什麼嗎?

  • There are four sentences all starting with the same word: I.

    有四個句子的開頭都是同一個字:一。

  • All of the verbs are in the present tense.

    所有的動詞都是現在時。

  • Also, only one sentence has a conjunction.

    另外,只有一句話有一個連詞。

  • To get a higher score, you need to use a wider range of grammar, like this:

    要想獲得更高的分數,你需要使用更廣泛的文法,比如這樣。

  • I prefer Asian food, such as Thai, Indian, and so on, because I've always been a big

    我比較喜歡吃亞洲菜,比如泰國菜、印度菜等等,因為我一直都是一個很注重

  • fan of spicy food with strong flavours.

    喜歡吃辣的食物,味道濃郁。

  • I tried Japanese food a few weeks ago, and I like it, although I'd say that Indian

    幾周前我試過日本菜,我很喜歡,雖然我想說,印度的

  • food is probably my favourite.

    食物可能是我的最愛。

  • Think about two things here.

    在這裡要考慮兩件事。

  • One: the meaning is the same.

    其一:意義相同。

  • You're expressing the same ideas.

    你們表達的是同樣的想法。

  • Two: you're not using very complicated or formal language.

    二:你用的語言不是很複雜,也不是很正式。

  • What changed?

    是什麼改變了?

  • We combined the four sentences into two, using words like because and although.

    我們把這四句話合為兩句,用了因為、雖然等詞語。

  • This will also help your fluency and coherence score!

    這也將有助於你的流利度和連貫性得分!

  • We've also used a wider range of verb forms, such as the present perfect,

    我們還使用了更廣泛的動詞形式,比如現在完成時。

  • the past simple, or the modal verb would

    過去式

  • However, for most IELTS candidates, accuracy is more important for band seven.

    不過,對於大多數雅思考生來說,準確率更重要的是帶七。

  • Remember that for band seven, you have to produce 'frequent error-free sentences'.

    記住,對於第七段,你必須產生 "經常性的無錯誤句子"。

  • Think about the words 'error-free'.

    想一想'無誤'這兩個字。

  • That means no mistakes.

    這意味著不能出錯。

  • No mistakes with prepositions, no mistakes with the, no mistakes with verb tenses; no

    沒有介詞的錯誤,沒有the的錯誤,沒有動詞時態的錯誤;沒有。

  • mistakes at all, even small ones.

    錯,甚至是小錯。

  • If you've been studying English for a long time, you probably have some bad habits.

    如果你學習英語的時間長了,可能會有一些不好的習慣。

  • For example:

    例如:

  • You forget the 's' on 3rd person verbs, so you say 'she go' instead of 'she

    你忘了第三人稱動詞的 "s",所以你說 "她去 "而不是 "她"。

  • goes'.

    去'。

  • You forget to use past forms, so you use present verbs to talk about the past.

    你忘了用過去的形式,所以你用現在的動詞來談論過去。

  • You make mistakes with prepositions, like using at, in or on to talk about time.

    你在使用介詞時犯了錯誤,比如用at、in或on來談論時間。

  • You use will to talk about everything in the future, instead of using going to or the present

    你用意志來談論未來的一切,而不是用去或現在來談論。

  • continuous when you need to.

    當你需要的時候,連續。

  • These are some of the most common examples, but there are more!

    這些是最常見的一些例子,但還有更多的例子!

  • The point is: you probably make more mistakes than you realise.

    重點是:你犯的錯誤可能比你意識到的還要多。

  • To get band seven for IELTS speaking, you need to get rid of these bad habits.

    要想拿到雅思口語第七段,你需要擺脫這些壞習慣。

  • So, what should you do?

    那麼,你應該怎麼做呢?

  • First, identify five common mistakes which you make.

    首先,找出自己常犯的五個錯誤。

  • If you don't know, you might need to ask a teacher for feedback.

    如果你不知道,你可能需要向老師反饋。

  • Next, choose one mistake to work on, then choose a topic and record yourself speaking,

    接下來,選擇一個錯誤來解決,然後選擇一個話題,把自己的發言錄下來。

  • like you did before.

    就像你之前做的那樣。

  • Choose a topic which fits the grammar you're practicing.

    選擇一個符合你所練習的文法的題目。

  • For example, if you forget to use past tenses, choose a topic which is about the past.

    例如,如果你忘了使用過去時,就選擇一個關於過去的話題。

  • Listen to the recording and count the mistakes you make.

    聽聽錄音,數數自己犯的錯誤。

  • Only focus on one grammar mistake at one time.

    一次只關注一個語法錯誤。

  • Repeat until you can speak for one minute without mistakes.

    重複,直到你能說一分鐘不出錯為止。

  • Then, try again with a different mistake, or a different topic.

    然後,換個錯誤,或者換個題目再試一次。

  • In this way, you can learn to speak more accurately, and get a better IELTS speaking score for

    這樣一來,你就可以學會更準確的說話,獲得更好的雅思口語成績,為

  • your grammar.

    你的文法。

  • Finally, what about pronunciation?

    最後,發音呢?

  • To get band seven for pronunciation, you need to be easy to understand and use 'features

    要想獲得帶七的發音,需要通俗易懂,用 "特色"。

  • of natural speech'.

    自然語言的'。

  • What does that mean?

    這意味著什麼?

  • For IELTS, this mostly means: intonation, weak forms, word stress, sentence stress,

    對於雅思來說,這主要是指:語調、弱化形式、單詞重音、句子重音。

  • and linking.

    和鏈接。

  • An important point: your accent does not matter for your IELTS score, so long as you're

    重要的一點:你的口音對你的雅思成績並不重要,只要你是

  • easy to understand.

    易於理解。

  • You don't have to speak with a British accent or an American accent.

    你不一定要用英國口音或美國口音說話。

  • Pronunciation is hard to improve by yourself.

    發音是很難靠自己提高的。

  • You need feedback from a professional teacher to work on pronunciation.

    你需要專業老師的反饋來鍛鍊發音。

  • However, there are some things you can do in your own time.

    然而,有些事情你可以在自己的時間裡做。

  • First, think about the list of pronunciation features we mentioned:

    首先,思考一下我們提到的發音特點列表。

  • intonation weak forms

    弱音

  • word stress sentence stress

    詞重句重

  • and linking

    和鏈接

  • Do you know what these are?

    你知道這些是什麼嗎?

  • If not, find out!

    如果沒有,就找出來吧!

  • There are many resources online to help you.

    網上有很多資源可以幫助你。

  • You can also find many free videos on our website and our channel which can help you

    您還可以在我們的網站和頻道中找到許多免費的視頻,這些視頻可以幫助到您。

  • to practice these pronunciation points.

    來練習這些發音要點。

  • Next, choose the point you find most difficult, and work on that with your teacher.

    接下來,選擇你覺得最難的一點,和老師一起研究。

  • If you can only study by yourself, this will be difficult.

    如果你只能自學,這將是困難的。

  • But, here are some tips that could help you: Find English songs, and sing along to them

    但是,這裡有一些小竅門可以幫助你。找些英文歌,跟著唱