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  • Welcome to this IELTS listening practice test. Get a piece of paper and a pen and

    歡迎來到本次雅思聽力模擬考試。拿一張紙和一支筆,然後

  • you can write down your answers as you do the test. At the end of the test we

    你可以在做測試時寫下你的答案。在測試結束後,我們

  • will go through all of the answers. There are 40 questions. So let's start the test.

    會通過所有的答案。有40個問題。所以讓我們開始測試吧。

  • First, listen to the instructions. You will hear a number of different

    首先,聽一下說明。你會聽到一些不同的

  • recordings and you will have to answer questions on what you hear there will be

    錄音,你必須回答關於你所聽到的問題,會有。

  • time for you to read the instructions and questions and you will have a chance

    時間讓您閱讀說明和問題,您將有機會獲得

  • to check your work all the recordings will be played once only the test is in

    為了檢查你的工作,所有的錄音都會被播放一次,只有測試是在。

  • four sections now turn to section 1 section 1 you will hear a woman ordering

    四個部分,現在轉向第一部分 第一部分,你會聽到一個女人的命令。

  • some goods from a mail-order company by telephone first you have some time to

    一些貨物從郵購公司的電話,首先你有一些時間去

  • look at questions 1 to 8

    審視問題1至8

  • you should answer the questions as you listen because you will not hear the

    你應該邊聽邊回答問題,因為你不會聽出問題。

  • recording a second time listen carefully to the first part of the conversation

    錄音第二遍 仔細聽對話的第一部分。

  • and answer questions 1 to 8

    並回答問題1至8

  • cosmic home delivery my name is Gary how may I help you today hello I'd like to

    我的名字是加里,我可能會幫助你,今天你好,我想。

  • place an order certainly madam I'm afraid our computer system crashed

    下訂單 當然,夫人 我恐怕我們的電腦系統崩潰了。

  • earlier today I'll have to take the details down on paper and then enter

    今天早些時候,我將不得不把細節記錄在紙上,然後輸入

  • them later when it's been fixed is that ok yes of course

    他們以後,當它''s被修復是確定的是當然的

  • so can I take your name please yes it's Alexandra Hornby sorry could you spell

    所以,我可以把你的名字,請 是的,它的亞歷山德拉霍恩比 對不起,你可以拼寫

  • the surname for me H yes then O R N B Y Oh fine and then your address that's

    我的姓是H 是的,然後是O R N B Y 哦,好的,然後是你的地址,那是。

  • number 28 Wood Road which is in Ilford I L F O R D and that's near Northchester

    在Ilford I L F O R D的伍德路28號,那是在Northchester附近。

  • the postcodes NC1 and 2FR thank you and do you

    NC1和2FR的郵編,謝謝你,你有沒有

  • have an account with us I do I've got the number here 9 double 4 5 6 7 8 1 is

    有一個帳戶與我們 我做我'已經得到了這裡的數字 9雙4 5 6 7 8 1是。

  • that long enough 8 digits yes it is good now what would you like to order today I

    夠長了,8位數 是的,很好,你今天想點什麼?

  • want a coffee table I think there's only the one type I expect so perhaps you can

    我想只有一種類型的咖啡桌,我期待,所以也許你可以。

  • tell me the price I can use that to check later just in case there's more

    告訴我的價格,我可以用它來檢查以後,以防有更多的

  • than one yes it's 39 pounds 99p fine sorry about all

    比一個是的它'的39磅99便士罰款對不起所有。

  • these extra questions it's no problem at all now that size of order value does

    這些額外的問題,它沒有任何問題,現在,訂單值的大小不

  • mean you're entitled to a free gift did you want to take up that option on this

    意思是你'有權免費的禮物 你想採取的選項在這

  • occasion yes I do I've already got a calculator like the one on offer but I

    場合是的,我做我'已經得到了一個計算器,像一個在提供,但我。

  • do like the look of the handbag so I'd like one of those please certainly and

    做喜歡的手袋的外觀,所以我''d 喜歡那些請肯定和一個

  • can I just check as an account holder you may have been sent a voucher oh yes

    我可以查一下,作為一個賬戶持有人,你可能已經收到了一張優惠券,哦,是的。

  • for a discount let me see the reference number we'll probably start with the

    折扣讓我看到參考號碼,我們可能會開始與我們'。

  • letter D huh it does and it continues B R 29 great now how would you like your

    字母D是的,它繼續B R 29很好,現在你想怎麼用你的。

  • order delivered there's a standard service within a week and then Express which

    訂單交付有'的標準服務在一個星期內,然後快遞,這

  • comes within two days or special which means it arrives the same day mmm

    兩天內到達或特殊的,這意味著它的到來當天mmm的

  • special would be ideal but I know it's a bit expensive so I'll make do with

    但我知道它有點貴,所以我會做的

  • Express I think standard is very slow it is to be honest before you hear the rest

    快遞我覺得標準是很慢的,它是誠實的,然後再聽其他的。

  • of the conversation you will have some time to look at questions 9 and 10

    你將有一些時間來研究問題9和10

  • now listen and answer questions 9 and 10

    現在聽並回答問題9和10

  • well that's your order completed could I just trouble you for another minute or

    你的訂單已經完成了 我可以再麻煩你一分鐘嗎?

  • so to ask you a couple of questions to help us improve our service as much as

    所以我想問你幾個問題,以幫助我們儘可能地改善我們的服務。

  • possible yes firstly we do like to try and keep a

    是的,首先,我們想嘗試並保持一個良好的狀態。

  • record of how customers have heard of Cosmic Mail Order how did you was it

    客戶是如何聽說宇宙郵購的記錄您是如何做到的呢?

  • from our advertising campaign oh I think I would have remembered any

    從我們的廣告活動 哦,我想我會記得任何的。

  • advertisements on TV for example I only read newspapers occasionally so that

    比如說電視廣告,我只是偶爾看報紙,這樣一來

  • would have passed me by a friend of mine had been using it for years and

    會經過我一個朋友用了好幾年,我的朋友一直在用,而且

  • encouraged me to give it a go so I looked on the internet to find you to

    鼓勵我給它一個去,所以我在互聯網上找到你,以

  • see what was available on the site that's great thank you

    看到什麼是可用的網站上,'的偉大,謝謝你。

  • the second thing is we're thinking of introducing a number of promotional

    第二件事是我們'正在考慮推出一些促銷活動。

  • offers oh yes I got a little brochure about them with my last order I've got

    提供哦,是的,我得到了一個小冊子,他們與我的最後一個訂單,我'已經得到了。

  • the list here so can I ask which ones appeal to you well let's see there's

    列表在這裡,所以我可以問哪些人吸引你以及讓's看到有's。

  • quite a few things here that don't really apply to me actually for example

    不少東西在這裡,不真正適用於我其實例如

  • my mobile phone bills are so low that I hardly notice them likewise they shut

    我的移動電話費是如此之低,我幾乎沒有注意到他們同樣,他們關閉了。

  • down the local cinema I do enjoy a meal out though so that discount could be of

    我喜歡在當地的電影院裡吃飯,雖然這樣的折扣可能是的

  • interest and I like to get away at weekends when I can and some of the

    興趣,我喜歡在週末有空的時候出外旅遊,而一些

  • places you want to visit are expensive so it would be lovely if they became

    你想去的地方是昂貴的,所以它將是可愛的,如果他們成為。

  • cheaper as for planes well I've been abroad for a while now and in any case I

    更便宜的飛機以及我'已經出國了一段時間,在任何情況下,我

  • prefer the train where possible fine well thank you very much for your time

    寧願坐火車也要儘可能的好,非常感謝您的時間。

  • not at all section 2 you will hear a trainer giving a talk to

    完全沒有第2節,你會聽到一個培訓師給你講課。

  • a group of cyclists first you have some time to look at questions 11 to 15

    一群騎自行車的人首先你有一些時間看11到15題

  • now listen carefully to the first part of the talk and answer questions 11 to

    現在認真聽講第一部分,並回答11至問題。

  • 15 hello everybody it's nice to see that so many of you made it even on an

    15大家好很高興看到這麼多的你做了它,即使在一

  • evening as rainy as tonight okay now whether you're new to cycling as a sport

    傍晚像今晚一樣下雨好嗎現在是否你'是新的自行車作為一項運動

  • or are returning to it after some years absence I'll just go over a few basic

    或正在返回到它在一些年後缺席我'會只是去了幾個基本的。

  • points now race preparation is a complex business and there are many factors to

    分,現在的比賽準備是一個複雜的業務,有很多因素,以

  • consider the first area of concern is mechanical now this involves the machine

    首先考慮的是機械方面的問題,現在這涉及到機器的問題

  • itself that is your bike and also no less importantly in fact clothing this

    本身就是你的自行車,也同樣重要,其實服裝這一點。

  • will protect your body and aid your performance providing you wear the right

    只要您穿戴得當,就能保護您的身體,並幫助您的表現。

  • kit the next area to concern yourselves with is the mental this is you as a

    下一個需要關注的領域是心理,這是你作為一個。

  • person you can have the best bike in the world but you won't get the most out of

    你可以擁有世界上最好的自行車,但你不會得到最多的

  • it if you don't have the right mindset so tactics are important to consider

    它,如果你沒有正確的心態,所以戰術是重要的考慮

  • another factor which is essential to a good performance is determination you

    另一個因素,這是一個良好的性能是必不可少的決心,你是誰?

  • need to feel this so that you can really push yourselves to your limits to

    需要感受到這一點,所以你可以真正推動自己的極限,以

  • accompany this you also need knowledge of your bike yourself physics other

    伴隨著這一點,你還需要你的自行車知識自己的物理學的其他

  • riders the course and so on finally strange though it may seem after all

    騎手的路線等等最後奇怪的,雖然它可能看起來畢竟。

  • I've said so far you need relaxation if you can't switch off sometimes you

    我已經說了,到目前為止,你需要放鬆 如果你不能關閉有時你

  • won't get to recharge your batteries okay and that takes us on to the

    won't get to recharge your batteries okay and that takes us on to the?

  • physical side of race preparation the first and perhaps most obvious aspect of

    比賽備戰的第一個也是最顯而易見的方面是 "體能"。

  • this is training and we'll come to some of the details of that in a minute

    這是培訓和我們'會來的一些細節,在一分鐘內。

  • another important aspect to pay attention to is diet and you'll soon

    另一個要注意的重要方面是飲食,你'很快就會發現

  • find that if you don't eat well you won't see yourselves performing

    發現,如果你不吃好,你會不會看到自己的表現。

  • as well as you might then there's also the question of style and you'll need to

    以及你可能然後有'也是風格的問題,你需要

  • learn to develop the most effective ways for each of you to deliver your

    學會制定最有效的方法,讓你們每個人都能提供自己的。

  • performance and the details of this depend on which kind of event you're

    的性能和細節,這取決於哪種類型的事件,你'是

  • competing in and finally you need to take body care into account you need to

    競爭中,最後你需要考慮到身體的護理,你需要

  • stay healthy in order to be able to give of your best right those are the basic

    保持健康,以便能夠給你最好的權利,這些都是基本的。

  • ingredients of race preparation before you hear the rest of the talk you have

    比賽準備的成分,在你聽完其他的談話之前,你有

  • some time to look at questions 16 to 20

    花點時間看看問題16至20

  • now listen to the rest of the talk and answer questions 16 to 20 now I'd like

    現在聽剩下的談話,並回答問題16至20現在我''d喜歡。

  • to turn your attention to some of the details of a good training regime and

    把你的注意力轉移到好的訓練計劃的一些細節上,並把你的注意力轉移到好的訓練計劃的一些細節上。

  • what you should and shouldn't do through the year let's consider various

    你應該做什麼,不應該做什麼,通過一年讓'的考慮各種。

  • activities in turn the first thing to think about is circuit training this is

    活動反過來首先要考慮的是循環訓練這是一個。

  • an indoor series of gym exercises designed to work on all parts of your

    一系列的室內健身運動,旨在鍛鍊您的各個部位。

  • body this starts as the racing season closes

    屍體

  • with the end of summer and continues right through the cold season and stops

    夏天結束後,一直持續到寒冷的季節,然後停止。

  • you going off the boil when you aren't competing it's extremely beneficial

    你去關閉沸騰,當你不競爭它是非常有益的。

  • although I would stress you do need a qualified gym instructor to tell you how

    雖然我會強調你需要一個合格的健身教練來告訴你如何做

  • to do it properly next weight training this is also very good for cyclists and

    要做正確的下一個重量訓練這也是非常好的騎自行車的人和

  • it tops up the natural strength that cycling produces exercises need to be

    它頂起了騎自行車產生的自然力量,練習需

  • arranged as part of a carefully calculated routine and this routine

    作為一個精心設計的程序的一部分而安排,這個程序

  • needs to be sensibly followed it's a good idea for continuity to carry on

    需要合理地遵循它'是一個很好的想法的連續性進行。

  • using weights throughout the year as you can lose strength just as quickly as you

    在一年中使用權重,因為你可以失去力量,就像你一樣迅速

  • can gain it something simpler and requiring no equipment is mobility work

    可以獲得更簡單的東西,不需要任何設備,是流動的工作。

  • while cycling has a great many benefits for the body it doesn't work every part

    雖然騎自行車對身體有很大的好處,它不工作的每一個部分。

  • of it and indeed keep some parts locked in pretty much the same position so

    的,並確實將一些部件鎖定在幾乎相同的位置,所以。

  • exercises that involve twisting and turning and generally promoting

    練習,包括扭動和旋轉,一般促進

  • flexibility are advisable before the start of each race throughout the summer

    在整個夏季,建議在每場比賽開始前進行靈活的訓練。

  • season another important activity is pleasure riding perhaps this doesn't

    季節另一個重要的活動是快樂騎行也許這不';。

  • sound so important to you but you don't race all year and when you do race it's

    聽起來對你很重要,但你不比賽一年,當你做比賽它

  • pretty hard riding so you can sometimes forget that cycling is actually

    蠻辛苦的騎行,所以你有時會忘記,騎車其實是

  • basically a fun thing to do so when you hang up your racing bike at the end of

    基本上是一件有趣的事情,所以當你掛起你的賽車自行車在結束時

  • the summer get out another bike and go for some

    夏天拿出另一輛自行車,去一些

  • gentler enjoyable rides during the winter weather permitting of course and

    在冬季天氣允許的情況下,當然會有更溫和愉快的騎行。

  • finally running this is of course another sport in its own right and for

    最後運行這當然是另一種運動,在它自己的權利和為。

  • this reason some cyclists are rather sniffy about it however it is good

    是以,一些騎車人對它頗有微詞,但這是好事。

  • exercise and maintains aerobic fitness very effectively but it is rather hard

    鍛鍊,並非常有效地保持有氧健身,但這是相當困難的。

  • on the knees and in different ways from cycling so you're best advised to keep

    在膝蓋上,並以不同的方式從騎自行車,所以你'最好的建議,以保持

  • your running two out of the racing season and wrap up well against the cold

    你的運行兩個出賽車季節和包裹好對寒冷。

  • when you do go so now section three you will hear three students anna jane and

    當你這樣做,所以現在第三節 你會聽到三個學生安娜簡和。

  • mark planning a project about cinema on their media studies course first you

    在他們的媒體研究課程中,首先要對電影項目進行規劃。

  • have time to look at questions 21 to 23

    有時間看問題21至23

  • now listen to the first part of the conversation and answer questions 21 to

    現在請聽對話的第一部分,並回答問題21至。

  • 23 so Jane mark we need to press on with the assignment yes we do Anna and we

    23,所以簡馬克,我們需要繼續與任務 是的,我們做安娜和我們。

  • need to begin by going to the best sources of information right no we're

    需要開始通過去最好的資訊來源的權利沒有我們'。

  • looking into how films get altered sometimes if they're not going to do

    尋找電影如何得到改變有時如果他們';不打算這樣做

  • very well we need to know quite detailed things so ordinary magazines you know

    很好,我們需要知道相當詳細的事情,所以普通的雜誌你知道嗎?

  • leisure interest ones may lack the detail we're after specialist magazines

    休閒興趣的可能缺乏細節,我們'專業雜誌後。

  • on the other hand will probably be helpful I think that's true okay so

    另一方面可能會有幫助,我想這是真實的好嗎?

  • we'll route out some of those and what else there ought to be stuff available

    我們會把其中的一些路由出來,還有什麼東西應該是可用的。

  • online but we'll have to be selective sure not general cinema websites you

    在線,但我們'將不得不有選擇性的肯定不是一般的電影網站,你

  • mean I think it would be useful to go onto studio websites then we'd get

    我的意思是,我認為這將是有用的去工作室的網站,然後我們'會得到的。

  • pretty specific information even if it might be a bit biased yes okay anything

    相當具體的資訊,即使它可能是一個有點偏見 是的,好的任何東西

  • else I think we also need to think about the point of consumption

    否則,我覺得我們還需要思考消費的點子

  • so perhaps reviews would be good to look through okay though we'll get most by

    所以也許評論將是很好的看通過好吧,雖然我們'會得到大多數由

  • looking at local reviews I think I agree good now you have time to look at

    在當地的評論,我認為我同意好,現在你有時間看

  • questions 24 and 25

    問題24和25

  • now listen to the next part of the conversation and answer questions 24 and

    現在聽下一部分的對話,並回答問題24和。

  • 25 so far so good now we'll gather all that together we

    我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,我們會把所有的東西都收集起來,

  • can take one source each and then I don't know about what Jane I mean okay

    可以採取一個源頭,然後我不知道什麼簡我的意思是好的

  • so we get all this stuff probably loads of it but do we know how to assess the

    所以我們得到了所有這些東西,可能是大量的,但我們知道如何評估。

  • usefulness of it I know it'll all be factual and so true in that sense but we

    我知道它的有用性,我知道它'將所有的事實,所以在這個意義上的真實,但我們

  • need to know what it can really tell us perhaps we should cross that bridge when

    需要知道它到底能告訴我們什麼 也許我們應該在過橋的時候

  • we come to it mark yes though I think Jane's got a

    我們來吧馬克是的,雖然我認為簡'得到了一個

  • point but the problem for me is the context we're working in we've got the

    點,但對我來說,問題是我們工作的背景下,我們'已經得到了

  • assignment instructions and in a sense it's all very straightforward we know

    賦值指令,從某種意義上說,它都是非常直接的,我們知道。

  • which parts are worth how many marks and so forth but the focus seems to be

    哪些部分值多少分等等,但重點似乎是。

  • heavily on the objective and quantitative side of things whereas I

    著重於客觀和量化的一面,而我

  • would be hoping to be asked for more interpretive work and there would have

    會希望被要求做更多的解釋工作,而且會有更多的機會。

  • to be time to do that within the framework we've been given well again I

    是時間做的框架內,我們已經得到了很好的再次我

  • think we should just see how we go with it

    看情況吧

  • now you have time to look at questions 26 to 30

    現在你有時間看問題26到30了。

  • now listen to the final part of the conversation and answer questions 26 to

    現在請聽對話的最後一部分,並回答問題26至。

  • 30 should we take that we're clear on just how films are altered good idea

    30我們應該採取,我們'清楚的只是如何電影被改變的好主意。

  • we'll list the various cures that filmmakers use when a film looks like it

    我們將列出各種治療方法,電影製作人使用,當一部電影看起來像它

  • might be going to fail the first one is called tweak every joke sometimes they

    可能會失敗的第一個是所謂的tweak每一個笑話,有時他們

  • change lots of the jokes after showing the first version to a test audience

    試聽後改了很多笑話。

  • comedy is the only film genre with a reliable formula the more of the

    喜劇是唯一有可靠套路的電影類型,越是這樣的電影越是受歡迎。

  • audience laugh the more income the film gets and it's not very funny if your

    觀眾笑了更多的收入的電影得到,它不是很有趣,如果你的。

  • film makes a loss and the next one they call change the ending occasionally they

    電影虧損,下一部電影他們叫改變結局偶爾他們

  • completely change the way of film ends it seems a bit strange maybe but the

    完全改變了電影的結尾方式,這似乎有點奇怪,也許,但。

  • problem is it's far from easy to know in advance what reaction you'll get from an

    問題是它遠遠不容易提前知道你'會得到什麼反應從一個

  • audience so if it turns out after all that the test audience doesn't like your

    觀眾,所以如果事實證明,畢竟測試觀眾不喜歡你的。

  • ending you've no choice but to do another one what's the third one

    你已經別無選擇,只能做另一個什麼第三。

  • that'd be fixed the tone if for example your film begins as a kind of gentle

    那'會被固定的語氣,如果例如你的電影開始作為一種溫和的

  • comedy but then gets too serious or horror like audiences get confused so

    喜劇,但又太過嚴肅,或者像恐怖片一樣讓觀眾感到困惑,所以

  • one thing that really matters is being consistent you mean yes or that's the

    一件事,真正重要的是一致的你的意思是是或'是的。

  • logic I think audiences don't want to have to switch track it's more

    邏輯上,我認為觀眾不希望有轉換軌道它'更多的

  • complicated than people imagine isn't it now the next cure is a big one

    比人們想象的複雜是不是'它現在下一個治療方法是一個大問題

  • reshoot this may seem drastic but in some cases it's the only option

    重拍這可能看起來很激烈,但在某些情況下,這是唯一的選擇。

  • available it's very expensive of course but the film's backers will see this as

    當然,它是非常昂貴的,但電影的支持者將看到這一點。

  • protecting their investment are there any others one more and it's another big

    在這裡,我想說的是,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很好的朋友,我是一個很

  • one or at least has the potential to be a big one it's shift the genre and this

    一個或至少有潛力成為一個大的它'的轉變的類型和這個

  • is done when the test audience seemed to only like one half of the equation as it

    是做的時候,測試觀眾似乎只喜歡方程式的一半,因為它

  • were maybe you made a musical but they only like your comedy storyline not the

    也許你做了一個音樂劇,但他們只喜歡你的喜劇故事情節,而不是。

  • songs so you do it all again without the songs it could broaden the film's

    歌曲,所以你做這一切再次沒有歌曲它可以擴大電影'的。

  • he'll get a wider audience it's weird to think how much extra work has gone into

    他將得到更廣泛的觀眾它'奇怪的是,認為有多少額外的工作已經進入了

  • some films isn't it section four you will hear a talk about the history of

    有些電影不是嗎 第四節你會聽到一個關於歷史的談話。

  • the Mediterranean Sea first you have time to look at questions 31 to 40

    你有時間先看看問題31至40

  • now listen to the first part of the talk and answer questions 31 to 37 now in

    現在請聽第一部分的演講,並回答問題31至37,現在在。

  • looking at the history of anywhere we need to accompany our discussion of the

    縱觀任何地方的歷史,我們需要伴隨著我們的討論。

  • facts with some consideration of what facts mean or which facts have meaning

    事實,並考慮到事實的含義或哪些事實有意義。

  • but more of that later let's start with looking at one very important period of

    但更多的以後讓我們開始看一個非常重要的時期的'。

  • the history of the Mediterranean the period of Roman influence this was born

    地中海歷史上的羅馬影響時期,這是在羅馬的影響下誕生的。

  • out of the death of Alexander the Great his grip on the area went and what

    亞歷山大大帝死後,他對該地區的控制力下降了,而他的生活方式也發生了變化。

  • directly ensued was a period of intense conflict which focused on the eastern

    直接導致的是以東部地區為中心的激烈衝突時期。

  • Mediterranean as opponents sought to gain control of that area Rome began to

    地中海地區,因為反對者試圖獲得該地區的控制權,羅馬開始。

  • emerge from this as a potential dominant force but obstacles such as a lack of

    從而成為一股潛在的主導力量,但缺乏等障礙。

  • overall planning and in particular the ever-present menace of piracy lay in the

    整體規劃,特別是海盜行為的威脅始終存在。

  • way of success gradually the Romans improved the power of their ships and

    成功的途徑 羅馬人逐漸提高了他們的船的力量和

  • fighting equipment they also formed a series of alliances which effectively

    戰鬥裝備,他們還形成了一系列的聯盟,有效地

  • reduced the size and number of enemies and a key measure they took was creating

    縮小了敵人的規模和數量,他們採取的一個關鍵措施是建立了

  • an office of government specifically charged with repairing their fleets

    車務所

  • however many ships they and their enemies had Rome from now on would have

    不管他們和他們的敵人有多少艘船,羅馬從現在開始就會有很多的船

  • the highest proportion out patrolling and fighting there were of course no

    巡邏和戰鬥的比例最高,當然也就不存在了

  • engines in ships in those days and another aspect in the battle for

    在那個時代,船舶的發動機和另一個方面的爭奪戰中。

  • supremacy was speed through human effort rivals built ships with ever-increasing

    爭霸賽是通過人類的努力來實現的,競爭對手的船越來越多,速度也越來越快。

  • numbers of oars but what really mattered was the amount

    槳的數量,但真正重要的是數量。

  • of human pulling strength attached to each one and the Romans benefiting from

    每一個人都有自己的力量,而羅馬人也從中受益。

  • their great population of slaves was able to have every or pulling faster and

    他們龐大的奴隸人口能夠有每一個或拉快和。

  • harder than anyone elses eventually Rome's dominance was more or less

    比任何人都難最終羅馬的統治是或多或少的

  • complete there ashin of the sea became their enjoyment

    在那裡,大海的灰燼成為他們的享受。

  • of the sea their name for the Mediterranean translates as our sea and

    海的名字,他們對地中海的稱呼是 "我們的海",並把它翻譯成 "我們的海"。

  • that's how they saw it the shores were of course by now very well fortified but

    這就是他們所看到的海岸當然現在已經有了很好的防守,但...

  • now the Romans began also to demonstrate their comfort in power and put up a

    現在,羅馬人也開始展示他們在權力上的舒適感,並豎立了一個 "大 "字。

  • great many large houses visible far out to sea wealthy merchants and retired

    萬戶千秋

  • generals lived in leisure in these temples to their own prosperity the

    將軍們在這些寺廟裡悠閒地生活著,為了自己的繁榮,將軍們在這些寺廟裡悠閒地生活著,為了自己的繁榮,將軍們在這些寺廟裡悠閒地生活著,為了自己的繁榮,將軍們在這些寺廟裡悠閒地生活著。

  • maritime security of the Mediterranean and the immense availability of trading

    地中海的海上安全和巨大的貿易機會。

  • destinations meant that all sorts of suppliers and craft producers clustered

    目的地意味著各種供應商和手工業生產者聚集在一起。

  • round any reachable section of the Seas edge some of these settlements were

    圍繞著海洋邊緣任何可到達的區域,其中一些定居點被稱為是 "海"。

  • small while others were large producing salt fish in Italy for example or the

    小的,而其他的則是大的,例如在意大利生產鹹魚,或者是在美國生產鹹魚。