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  • Meet streptococcus mutans.

    讓我們歡迎「轉糖鏈球菌」。

  • Hey. My friends call me Strep.

    大家好,大家叫我「小鏈」。

  • He's a bacterium and a bit of a slob.

    它其實是細菌人,有一點拉遢。

  • But this isn't just any mess.

    但這不只是一團亂。

  • It's what's on your teeth.

    而是正發生在你牙齒中。

  • You see, strep and all his roommates live inside your mouth.

    你看看,小鏈和他室友共處在你的嘴內。

  • Feeding off of the sugar and protein in your food.

    透過你攝食的糖和蛋白質維生。

  • When they're done, they excrete a slimy substance all over your pearly whites.

    當他們祭完五臟廟後,會在你珍珠般的白齒上留下黏黏的物質。

  • The end result is a bacteria ridden pigsty called biofilm.

    最後「勾勾纏」的細菌,大名叫做「生物膜」。

  • Now, a little biofilm isn't gonna hurt you.

    一丁點的生物膜沒有大礙。

  • It's only when you stop brushing it away that things can get ugly.

    但當你不把它們刷走,事情就大條了。

  • And not only for your teeth.

    不只是牙齒自家的事。

  • It just so happens that strep and his friends are a downright threat to your life.

    小鏈和它朋友對你的威脅可大了。

  • Nearly half of Americans don't brush their teeth enough.

    近乎一半以上的美國人,刷牙刷得不夠。

  • And when food builds up in those nooks and crannies, you're inviting a host of bacteria to the party.

    當食物殘渣殘留在齒縫與角落時,代表你正歡迎細菌們參加派對了。

  • Including your gum line.

    還有你的牙齦。

  • Which irritate and inflame your gums causing tenderness and bleeding.

    讓你的牙齦發炎,牙齦軟化流血。

  • But that's just the start.

    但這只是開始。

  • Soon enough, that infection will trigger your immune system which sends fighter cells to battle the bacteria.

    很快地,感染開始觸動免疫系統,白血球和細菌大戰。

  • This creates a hostile environment for the bacteria.

    這樣的環境開始和細菌樹敵。

  • Which is what you want but it can also damage the cells in nearby tissue and bone.

    好是好,但會傷害組織和齒骼附近的細胞。

  • Six months to years later that tissue and bone will eventually die.

    六個月到幾年後,組織和齒骼會壞死。

  • At this point, you don't have gingivitis anymore.

    在這時,齒齦炎已經是過去式了。

  • You have something much worse: periodontal disease.

    更糟的來了 :牙周病。

  • No more tissue and bone means no more structural support.

    沒有組織和骨骼,等於沒有支撐。

  • So, your gums separate from your teeth forming pockets that quickly become extra space for strep and his friends.

    你的牙齦與牙齒分離,為小鏈和他的朋友帶來額外的空間。

  • Which further infects your gums causing your teeth to fall out.

    這會進一步感染牙齦,導致牙齒脫落。

  • Now, you may think this could never happen to you but about 10% of Americans between ages 50-64 have lost not one, not two, but all of their teeth.

    你可能會覺得這不會發生在你身上,但是大約 10% 的 50-64 歲美國人曾經掉過不只一顆,也不只兩顆,而是全部的牙齒。

  • And to make matters worse, strep and his buddies may enter your bloodstream where they'll wreak havoc on your organs, too.

    更糟的是,小鏈和他的夥伴們可能會進入血液中,這也會對器官造成嚴重損害。

  • For example, in one study, people with periodontal disease were four and a half times more likely to have chronic kidney disease than people with healthy gums.

    舉例來說,一項研究指出,牙周病患者罹患慢性腎臟疾病的可能性是健康牙齦患者的四倍半。

  • And another study found that people in a retirement community who didn't brush their teeth daily had up to 65% greater risk of dementia.

    另一項研究發現,退休人口中,每天不刷牙的人患癡呆症的風險增加了多達 65%。

  • Last but not least, there's an increased risk of developing certain cancers.

    最糟的還沒完,就是罹患特定癌症的風險也會增加。

  • To be fair, these risks can also be the result of poor hygiene in general but the message remains clear.

    公平地說,這些風險通常也可能是衛生條件差造成的,但我想傳達的應該夠明確了吧。

  • Brush your teeth.

    就是刷你的牙。

  • It's worth the extra four minutes a day.

    絕對值得你每天多花 4 分鐘。

Meet streptococcus mutans.

讓我們歡迎「轉糖鏈球菌」。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 牙齦 牙齒 細菌 骨骼 風險 組織

如果再也不刷牙了會怎樣? (Here's What Happens If You Stopped Brushing Your Teeth)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 26 日
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