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  • Hi. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10. You`re down the middle explanation of events taking place

  • around the world. The 193 numbers of the United Nations are gathering right now. Starting

  • on Tuesday, the International Organization is kicking off it`s 73rd Session.

  • This has been called the biggest world stage. Leaders from all over the planet speak here.

  • It`s like a museum for the art of diplomacy. Global tensions are brought up. Sometimes

  • they heat up at the General Assembly. This is the only branch of the U.N. where every

  • member country has equal representation, one country, one vote.

  • But not every world leader will actually be attending the session. Chinese President Xi

  • Jinping and Russian President Vladimir Putin aren`t scheduled to be at this meeting. They`ll

  • send delegates. Still issues that concern these countries like North Korea`s nuclear

  • program and Syria`s civil war are sure to be discussed. The 2015 Iran Nuclear Agreement

  • is also on the docket. Pretty much anything that`s a major concern of this 193 member

  • organization can be brought up at the U.N. General Assembly.

  • It`s the United Nations. Meeting place for most of the world`s countries from the most

  • power such as the United States, China, and Russia to the smallest and most vulnerable.

  • For 68 years, the U.N. has been involved in everything from assisting refugees to negotiating

  • peace among nations. Of all the languages in the world, the U.N. uses six to communicate,

  • Al Alarabiya, Chong-Win (ph), English, France. Rouski (ph) and Espanol. In some combination

  • of those six, the U.N. deliberates on global issues.

  • For judicial matters, they look to the International Court of Justice. The Economic and Social

  • Council otherwise known as ECOSOC deals with, you guessed it, the world`s economic, social

  • and environmental issues. The Trusteeship Council helps countries become self-governed

  • and independent while the Secretariat, another part of the U.N. family tackles day to day

  • issues that include keeping the press informed. Where I`m standing is one of the more recognizable

  • places in the U.N., the Security Council. It determines threats to international peace

  • and works to solve those problems right here in this chamber.

  • A gift from Norway in 1952 and on top of that, this council selects the Secretary General

  • who is then formally appointed by the General Assembly, the main representative body of

  • the U.N. The G.A. as it`s called, meets from September to December every year but the worlds

  • problems don`t exactly follow the calendar. The U.N. has to operate year around and one

  • of the ways they`re staying current is through social media. And you can follow the organization

  • in any of it`s official languages.

  • 10 Second Trivia. Which of these nations has the largest population on the African continent?

  • Algeria, Nigeria, South Africa or Sudan. Nigeria has both the largest population and largest

  • economy of any African nation.

  • There are two major rivers in Nigeria, the Benue and Niger Rivers and both of them have

  • flooded. The country is in it`s rainy season. Flooding is common at that time. It`s made

  • worse by poorly planned communities and bad drainage systems but it`s not usually this

  • bad. More than 100 people have

  • been killed in the rising waters. Thousands have had to leave their homes and farmland

  • has been destroyed along with unharvested crops. Heavy rain has hit some of Nigeria`s

  • rural areas the worst. The government is telling people who live near the rivers to get to

  • safer places while it prepares relief and security to help victims recover.

  • Nigeria also saw flooding like this in 2012. The government said that disaster killed more

  • than 400 people and forced more than 1 million to leave their homes. Today`s 10 Second Trivia

  • mentioned that Nigeria has Africa`s largest economy but most of it`s 190 million people

  • still live in poverty. In fact, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency says that more than 62

  • percent of Nigerians live in extreme poverty. A computer programmer in the Nigerian city

  • of Lagos or Lagos works with an organization called the Pearls Africa Foundation. It`s

  • helped train more than 400 girls to change their lives. She`s a CNN Hero.

  • When I got introduced to the world of computer programming, I was just natural with it. It

  • just load. It`s all about solving problems. Lagos is the biggest city in Africa. It`s

  • to be the Silicon Valley of Nigeria. by men. Why should we leave that to guys? I believe

  • girls should be given opportunities. When I went to for the first time I was surprised

  • to see the living condition of human beings. They believe in chances. Sanitation is bad.

  • The water is black in color. Life growing up for me was really, really tough. at the

  • age of four I would be beaten by my father was really difficult.

  • I needed to fend for myself. In Makoko Slum most girls are trapped in vicious cycle of

  • poverty. They know that nothing education. They plan for the future. I believe you can

  • still find diamonds in these places. They need to be shown another life. your website

  • will work. Your will function. girls 10 to 17 how to program. Not everyone is from the

  • slum. Many of the girls who work never saw computers before they joined us. Every element

  • is a big deal. If you miss a comma you can actually look for that

  • comma for two weeks. The curriculum we teach includes java scripts, CSS. We want them to

  • be creators of tech and not .It is no longer about just . They try to solve problems. . The

  • slogan we have for girls students is, when girls learn to code the wall will run with

  • outboards.

  • Watching them write codes is beautiful. It`s mind blowing. The joy on their faces, that`s

  • more than money. I can`t buy it.

  • Coding helps me to solve problems.

  • Coding makes me feel inspired.

  • It`s fun.

  • Coding is everything to me.

  • This is my website.

  • One thing I want my girls to hold on to is to get less of where you`re coming from you

  • can make it. They are coders. They are thinkers. Their future is bright.

  • As far as video games go, research is all over the map on the effects they have on gamers.

  • A number of studies suggest links between

  • violent video games and violent or antisocial behavior. The American Academy of Pediatrics

  • says that violence in games is connected to

  • aggressive behavior. But there are also a number of studies that suggest games help

  • people work out their anger and improve social behavior. Where

  • ever you stand in the games, one thing that`s indisputable is that they are big business.

  • No doubt it`s a growing "segament" of the economy and some folks have "nidten" notions

  • of playing all their lives whether they were "a bit"

  • by the centipede bug in the 1980`s or they`ve come face to face with the virtual reality

  • of having spent a fortnight or a "fortune" thinking outside

  • the "X-box" on "pixcelerated" graphics. I`m Carl Azuz showing my pun game on CNN 10.

Hi. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN 10. You`re down the middle explanation of events taking place

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中新網10年9月18日電 (CNN 10 September 18, 2018)

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