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  • If you believe the dead can return to haunt the living, you're not alone.


  • According to one poll, 45 percent of Americans believe in ghosts and 28 percent claim to actually have seen a ghost.

    根據一個問卷顯示,45% 的美國人都相信鬼,而 28% 的人宣稱真的看過鬼。

  • They show up in our movies, "I see dead people", books, and Bone Thugs-N-Harmony music videos.

    他們出現在電影裡,「我看得見死人」,書裡以及骨頭惡棍與和聲樂團的 MV 中。

  • As far back as we can trace human life, there's evidence that almost every culture has expressed curiosity about what comes after.


  • Many people believe in them, but is there actually any proof that ghosts exist?


  • I went to Buffalo, New York, to talk to Joe Nickell, a paranormal investigator who's been trying to answer that question for almost 50 years.

    我去了紐約州的水牛城訪問靈異現象的調查員 Joe Nickell,他已經用了將近 50 年的時間試著解釋這個現象。

  • I'm the world's only full-time, salaried, professional, science-based paranormal investigator.


  • I'm looking to explain a case, not debunk it, not promote it.


  • Explain it.


  • Nickell is a true renaissance man, drawing from a wide variety of disciplines for his cases.

    Nickell 是個多才多藝的人,他運用了許多學科去調查他的案件。

  • I mean, at one time or another I've used linguistic analysis, I've used blood pattern analysis, psychological insights.


  • Nearly anything could be used if it would illuminate a particular case.


  • So in the hundreds of cases over his half-century of investigation, has he ever found anything that would make him believe in ghosts?


  • Not only have I never found a single case that I thought was proof of a ghost, neither has science.


  • Not a single ghost or haunting has been authenticated by science.


  • Part of what makes it difficult to investigate is all the different ways people have definedghosts.”


  • Books flying off a shelf?



  • Orbs in photos?



  • Mysterious footsteps in the attic?



  • Patrick Swayze seductively helping you throw a vase?

    Patrick Swayze 挑逗地幫你做個花瓶?

  • Definitely ghost.


  • All of the would-be evidence that ghosts exist consists of ambiguous photographs, videos.


  • The next day, his HDTV literally begins rocking violently from side to side all by itself.”


  • And first hand accounts.


  • "Even if it's during the day, there's this eerie feeling that you get that there's someone there."


  • Which, while fun and spooky, are not exactly scientific proof.


  • Ghost hunters often use gadgets such as EMF meters, a tool that measure electromagnetic fields, which ghosts can supposably manipulate.


  • But nobody's been able to explain exactly what the link is, and most scientists are pretty skeptical of this stuff.


  • So there might not be any empirical, scientific evidence that shows that ghosts exist, but that doesn't actually mean that you're crazy if you think you see one.


  • There are plenty of logical explanations for paranormal experiences.


  • One is infrasound, a sound that falls below the audible 20Hz frequency.

    其中一個證據是次聲波,它是個低於 20 赫兹的低聲率。

  • Infrasound can be produced by many things, including severe weather, humpback whales or certain machinery like engines or fans.


  • Researchers have hypothesized that exposure to infrasound can induce feeling of depression, chills, and the sense that somebody's presence is near you.


  • The sound can even cause visual hallucinations.


  • At the frequency of 18Hz, it resonates with the structure of the human eyeball.

    而在 18 赫兹的頻率時,次聲波能與人類的眼球構造產生共鳴。

  • And if you have a sound that resonates with something material, it will make the material vibrate at that frequency.


  • And when that happens to you, your eye begins to see things that are in fact not there.


  • Swiss scientists have also been able to simulate a ghost in a lab.


  • They made a robot that mimics the movement of the subject's hands with a mechanical arm that touches your back, but with a slight delay.


  • When you delay the movement, it creates an unmistakable sensation for subjects that there's a ghostly presence in the room.


  • This time it really felt like I was playing with somebody, something.


  • So it wasn't myself that was poking me in the back, but it was as if I was playing with an animal, a monkey, that was poking me in the back or something like that.


  • While most ghost sightings can't be written off as a robot poking your back, this experiment does highlight how manipulating certain parts of your brain can produce what researcher Olaf Blanke calls misperceived self-representation which can easily be misconstrued as a ghostly presence.

    雖然大部分的見鬼事件不能以機器人戳你的背來解釋,但這個實驗顯示只要操弄腦子的某些區塊,我們便能產生研究員 Olaf Blanke 所說——誤解的自我表達,對於鬼的存在所創造的錯誤認知。

  • Sometimes even just a person's state of consciousness can make them feel or see presences.


  • We can actually have people see ghosts, and those tend to be waking dreams that occur in the twilight between being fully asleep and fully awake.


  • These kind of waking dreams can also be called sleep paralysis, which about 8 percent of people experience at some point in their lifetime.

    這種錯覺也被稱作夢魘,大約 8% 的人會在他們的一生中體驗到。

  • You feel like you're awake, but you're unable to move your body, and it's often accompanied by terrifying visuals like shadows, people, or even monsters, which, if you didn't know what was happening, would be easy to confuse for having seen a ghost.


  • Another possible explanation for ghostly sightings is grief.


  • One study found that up to 60 percent of people that lose a spouse claim to see or hear their dead loved ones.

    其中一個研究顯示,60% 失去伴侶的人宣稱他們能夠看到或聽到他們逝去的愛人。

  • In his book about hallucinations, neurologist Oliver Sacks said that seeing the face of a deceased loved one can actually help you cope with your grief.

    神經學者 Oliver Sacks 在他關於幻覺的書中說到,看見死去愛人的臉龐能幫助你緩解憂傷。

  • This sort of hallucination is not frightening, it's often very comforting.


  • It seems to be part of the mourning process.


  • And it really a sudden hole has been left in one's life, and this helps it to heal over.


  • There is no question that most of the paranormal promotes something very positive.


  • There are a few exceptions, but all have to do with our hopes and our fears.


  • We're hopeful that ghosts exist because then we don't really die.


  • Our loved ones are not gone from us, they are real and alive.


  • I remember when my grandmother died and how much I did not want that to be the case.


  • But the ghost idea, the idea that we just get up out of our bodies and continue on, is powerful.


  • Because who doesn't have an instance in which he or she would say, I just wish I could've told my mother this one thing.


  • Or I wish my father knew I wasn't really mad at him that time.


  • So ghosts may not actually exist, but that doesn't mean that you might not see one.


If you believe the dead can return to haunt the living, you're not alone.


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為什麼人們總是覺得自己看得到鬼? (Why People Think They See Ghosts)

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    Vvn Chen 發佈於 2020 年 06 月 26 日