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  • There are Teslas everywhere in this city.

  • Up until today I'd seen a total of about five Teslas my entire life.

  • And three of those five were behind glass

  • cases in luxury malls.

  • I've been in Oslo for like a couple of hours and I've seen like 50 Teslas.

  • There's one right there.

  • They're beautiful, they're sleek, they are

  • efficient, they're fast and they're $70,000.

  • Here comes another one up the road.

  • Oh yeah.

  • 100% electricity, no gas, and it can go from like zero to 100 kilometers

  • in like five seconds. I have no idea, I'm not a car person, so I don't know if that's right.

  • Here in Norway in 2014, Tesla actually broke a record for number

  • of cars sold in a month for a single model, of any kind of car not just

  • electric cars. And you look around for a few minutes and you realize it's not

  • just Teslas. There are electric cars everywhere. Like, I see electric cars in

  • the United States but nothing like this. Oh, there's a Tesla, there's a Tesla.

  • There it goes.

  • Turns out that Oslo is actually the epicenter of electric cars generally.

  • You can tell which cars are electric by their license plate. So this "E" at the

  • beginning determines if it's electric. In 2016 in the United States of all the new

  • cars that were purchased about 1% were electric, more like 0.9%.

  • In Norway it was 29% and that trend is only speeding up: in January this year the share was like

  • 37% or something of all the cars purchased being electric.

  • Where on earth have I ended up? I've been kind of wandering around and I feel

  • like I'm about to enter a secret cave. The real question is can I fly my drone

  • over this amazing waterfall? I've never flown a drone in Norway before so we'll see how this goes.

  • 99% of Norway's electricity comes from hydropower which is like dams.

  • So you have really cheap clean energy that can be used to power these electric cars.

  • The real core explanation here, the reason why there are so many Teslas and so many

  • electric cars on the road comes down to government policy.

  • The government incentivizes very very strongly people to buy electric cars.

  • This happens in various forms: you get free parking if you drive an electric

  • car, you get access to the HOV Lane, which has way less traffic,

  • you don't have to pay registration fees, you get tax deductions on your income tax,

  • and perhaps the biggest incentive of all is on the business side: companies like

  • Tesla don't ha ve to pay sales tax for selling here in Norway and so all of

  • this combined makes it actually way way cheaper for someone to buy a Tesla here

  • in Norway than to buy one in the United States.

  • Well it's been fun exploring this random little area I think the big takeaway

  • from this whole entire journey so far is even thugz cry.

  • So just remember: even thugz cry.

  • Alright, this is perhaps my favorite sight so far.

  • There are 2,000 of these charging stations here in Oslo.

  • Excuse me can I ask you a couple, I'm so curious about - can I record it? Yeah, of course.

  • So it's it's all free. It's free? Yeah, it's free.

  • This is what you get from buying an electric car. You get free charging and

  • you can go in and out of Oslo without paying for the "bompenger" (toll).

  • All of these subsidies we're talking about that, help fund these electric cars are funded

  • by what's called sovereign wealth fund. It's this huge fund that Norway has it's

  • worth almost a trillion dollars. The government owns it it's basically their

  • rainy day fund and this is what they use to fund the subsidies.

  • The sovereign wealth fund in Norway is comprised almost entirely of oil money,

  • oil and gas money, fossil fuels. Norway's a huge producer of oil and gas and they sell

  • that to other countries and reap the benefits in terms of revenue and put

  • that into the sovereign wealth fund which then gets funneled into subsidies

  • for electric cars. So they're not burning the oil here and releasing carbon into

  • the atmosphere but they're sending off to go be burned somewhere else.

  • I asked my friend Tor what he thinks about this. Tor, what do you feel about Norway being

  • this green sustainable society, but really depending at the end of the day

  • on fossil fuels in order to make that happen?

  • Is that a tension within the Norwegian psyche? So I think the way we resolve it

  • is basically that the world needs oil. It needs, you know there's a lot of

  • countries are developing: China, India, that will always need energy and we

  • would argue that we extract it more greenly than other countries.

  • We're buying good conscience for sure yeah but like it's better than

  • doing anything. We're fully aware that there's like green shift we're talking

  • about is funded by you know oil money. The irony is not lost on us in any way.

  • So I think Tor is right -- I think that the fact that Norway is exporting its carbon

  • footprint to other countries, it doesn't cancel out all of the wonderful

  • progressive green things that they're doing here.

  • This is a story about incentives and green infrastructure and a green society but it's also a story

  • about how fossil fuels continue to make the world go round.

  • I am tired and jet-lagged and haven't slept in like twenty three hours.

  • I'm gonna go to bed. It was a fun day chasing Teslas. Tomorrow, we go to the North Pole.

There are Teslas everywhere in this city.

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A2 初級 美國腔

為什麼挪威到處都是特斯拉? (Why Norway is full of Teslas)

  • 95 5
    Rong Chiang 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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