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  • There have been nearly 5000 fires in California since the start of 2018.

    從 2018 年初開始,加州已經發生了近 5000 起火災

  • The fire season has been dominating the news.

    火災消息一直佔據著新聞版面

  • This has turned into another record-setting fire season.”

    「這裡已經變成另一個創紀錄的火勢。」

  • Now the largest in state history.”

    「現在是州歷史上最大的火勢。」

  • Really there's no end in sight."

    「真的沒有結束的跡象。」

  • It's hot.

    很炎熱

  • It's dry.

    很乾燥

  • It's windy.

    風很大

  • Just about everything on the ground is flammable.

    地面上所有的東西都是易燃的

  • But there's one thing that's consistently making wildfires in California worse and

    但有一個原因使得加州的野火不斷惡化

  • worse and worse:

    而且越來越嚴重:

  • Us.

    我們人類

  • At this point, even calling themwildfires might be a misnomer, because most of them

    根據這點來說,稱為「野」火可能用詞不當,因為大多數的野火都不是自然發生的

  • are not natural. Humans are responsible for starting a whopping 84% of them.

    高達 84% 的野火都由人類負責

  • The northern California Carr fire for example, was started by sparks from a car tire' rim.

    例如,加州北部的卡爾大火是由汽車輪胎輪輞上的火花引起的

  • And in southern California, the Holy Fire just outside of LA started after a suspected arson.

    在加州南部,洛杉磯外面的霍利大火是在一場縱火案之後開始的

  • These are just two of the fires currently active in the state.

    這還只是目前在該州活躍的兩起火災

  • So far in 2018 629,000 acres have burned.

    到目前為止,在 2018 年間,有 629000 英畝土地被燒毀

  • That's nearly 3 times as much compared to the same time period in 2017.

    這相當於 2017 年同期的 3 倍

  • What makes these fires so dangerous, damaging, and therefore costly is that more human-made

    導致這些火災如此危險、具破壞性,而且代價高昂的原因是

  • infrastructure is getting caught in the flames.

    更多的人造基礎設施陷入火海

  • This map highlights the parts of California most prone to fires, and it's no surprise

    這張地圖標示出加州最容易發生火災的地區,毫無意外

  • thatyeahthat's where these fires are.

    這就是火災發生的所在地

  • But compare it to

    但與這張

  • this map, which shows population density growth projections.

    人口密度增長預測的地圖進行比較

  • Put them together, and it's clear:

    把兩張地圖放在一起,非常明顯:

  • California's population is growing out from urban centers

    加州的人口正從市中心

  • directly into the areas

    直接發展到了

  • at the highest risk for fire.

    火災風險最高的區域

  • Meanwhile, the state is spending more and more to fight fires each year,

    同時,國家每年花費越來越多金錢去滅火

  • as more and more people move into areas that put them in harm's way.

    由於越來越多的人進入那些讓他們處於危險之中的地區

  • It's up to all of us to protect and preserve the forests we have.”

    「我們所有人都必須保護和維護我們擁有的森林。」

  • So, since we made this mess worse, what can we do?

    所以,既然我們把這個爛攤子弄得更糟糕了,我們能做什麼?

  • “'That's a good job!'

    「做得好!」

  • said Smokey the Bear.”

    Smokey 大熊說道

  • Being mindful of how we spark these fires is a good start,

    注意到我們是如何點燃這些火苗是一個好的開始

  • but the bigger problems contributing to thislike man-made climate changeare unlikely

    但更大的問題 —— 比如人為的氣候變化

  • to reverse.

    不太可能逆轉

  • And despite the risks, humans keep moving into these areas.

    儘管有風險,人類還是持續搬入這些火災區

  • Fires creeping real real close to some residences up here.”

    「火災蔓延到附近的住宅。」

  • "By 2050 another 645,000 houses will be built at areas at very high risk for wildfires."

    「到了 2050 年,另外會有 645000 棟房屋建在高危險性的野火地區。」

  • We have the opportunity to get out of the way of wildfires, and let nature run its course.

    我們有機會避開野火,讓大自然順其自然

  • But will we?

    但我們會這麼做嗎?

  • Only YOU can prevent forest fires.”

    「只有你可以預防森林火災。」

There have been nearly 5000 fires in California since the start of 2018.

從 2018 年初開始,加州已經發生了近 5000 起火災

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 Vox 火災 野火 加州 地圖 地區

加州為何總是起火? (Why is California always on fire?)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2018 年 09 月 11 日
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