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  • Hey, there! Welcome to Life Noggin.

    哈囉,歡迎來到 Life Noggin。

  • Science is awesome.

    科學很了不起。

  • We know this.

    這我們都知道。

  • It can help explain what's going on when you come across new things in life.

    科學能夠幫助解釋生活中遭遇新事物時的所有現象。

  • One of these new things you might encounter is having a drink of an adult beverage.

    其中一個你可能會遇到的新奇事就是來一杯成人飲料。

  • It can make you feel different than you have before, and if you drink enough, you can get drunk.

    你將會有跟以往不同的感受,如果喝得夠多,你還可能喝醉。

  • I brought my good friend Hannah Hart from "My Drunk Kitchen" to help explain.

    我帶了一位來自 My Drunk Kitchen 的朋友來幫助我們解釋這個現象。

  • So, Hannah, what happens to you and your body when you get drunk?

    Hannah,當我們喝醉時我們的身體到底發生了什麼事呢?

  • Well, obviously, make sure you wait until the legal age of wherever you live to actually have a drink yourself.

    首先,要先確定你已經到飲酒法定年齡才能喝酒喔。

  • We should start off with what happens when you first start to drink.

    我們應該從喝第一口酒開始講。

  • Early on, as you have a glass of wine or a bottle of beer, the alcohol in whatever you're drinking will make its way on down to your stomach.

    在初期,你喝下的葡萄酒、啤酒或是任何的酒精飲料會進到胃裡。

  • Once it's here, the alcohol will quickly get absorbed into your bloodstream, and then it can get transmitted throughout your body.

    一到胃裡,酒精會被迅速吸收到血液中,接著會流經你的身體。

  • But the main place that actually breaks down or metabolizes alcohol in your body is your liver.

    但真正會分解或代謝酒精的身體器官是肝臟。

  • Your body does this because, while some people like the way alcohol makes them feel, alcohol is actually pretty poisonous to you.

    因為在人享受酒精帶來的感覺當下,酒精其實對身體是非常致命的。

  • When your liver encounters alcohol enzymes known as alcohol dehydrogenase, or ADH, and aldehyde dehydrogenase, or ALDH, it will metabolize the alcohol.

    當你的肝臟接觸到稱做乙醇脫氫酶 ADH 或是醛脫氫酶 ALDH 的酒精酶時,它會代謝這些東西。

  • These enzymes break down alcohol and convert it into something called acetaldehyde.

    然後分解酒精並轉化成稱作乙醛的物質。

  • This can then be metabolized into a less active byproduct known as acetate,

    乙醛會再被分解成活性較低的醋酸鹽,

  • which can be broken down even further into things like water and carbon dioxide so that you can easily eliminate this stuff from your body.

    然後最後甚至轉成像是水分和二氧化碳的物質,讓身體可以更容易代謝。

  • So, how do you start to get drunk?

    所以你是如何喝醉的呢?

  • Well, this happens when you drink more alcohol than your liver can process.

    這會發生在你喝的超過肝臟可以處理的分量時。

  • Your body can only metabolize a certain amount of alcohol at a time, and it's usually not a lot.

    你的身體當下只能代謝一定量的酒精,而且通常都沒有很多。

  • This amount can vary depending on a number of different factors, from liver size and body mass to what ADH and ALDH enzymes you have, which research has shown to vary among different people.

    這個量取決各種不同因素,像是肝臟大小、身體質量、身體有多少乙醇脫氫酶和醛脫氫酶,這些都是因人而異。

  • When you drink more alcohol than your liver can process at a time, you start to get drunk as your blood-alcohol level rises.

    當你喝超過肝臟可以處理的量時,血液裡的酒精量升高,就會開始喝醉。

  • At first, this may make you feel good.

    一開始你會覺得很愉悅。

  • You might feel a sense of euphoria and other stimulating effects as the dopamine is released within you.

    隨者體內多巴胺升高,你可能會有陶醉感和其它刺激的感覺。

  • But, at a certain point, things will often take a turn.

    但到一定點後,情況會開始改變。

  • You might become more clumsy and not react to things as fast as you normally would.

    你可能會覺得感官很遲鈍,反應比平常還要慢。

  • Your vision could also get blurry.

    視線開始模糊。

  • Since your body is trying to do all it can to rid itself of the alcohol, it's also likely you'll need to pee. A LOT.

    因為你的身體開始試著代謝酒精,這也會讓人非常想去小便。

  • Getting drunk can also lower your inhibitions and alter the way you think, so you might make choices that you wouldn't have made if you were sober.

    喝醉也會減少壓抑並改變你的思考,所以你可能會做出在你清醒時不會有的事。

  • And that can make for some pretty interesting stories that I will not get into because we don't have the time.

    然後就會發生一些很有趣的故事,這我就不多說,因為我們沒有時間。

  • Now, when talking about getting drunk, people often want to know if there are ways to cure or prevent hangovers.

    說到喝醉,人們也會想知道有沒有治療或是防止宿醉的方法。

  • While some things may make you feel better, there doesn't seem to be much scientific evidence that a true cure actually exists.

    雖然有些方法會讓你好過些,但這看起來並不是很有科學根據。

  • According to a study published in the "British Medical Journal",

    根據英國醫學雜誌的一篇研究,

  • researchers weeded down nearly 300 potential relevant articles on hangover cures to a total of only 8 that had randomized controlled trials and that met their inclusion criteria.

    研究者淘汰了將近三百種治療宿醉的相關文章,只剩下共八種有標準的隨機分派試驗。

  • In their research, they found no compelling evidence that suggests there is anything that's actually effective for treating or preventing hangovers.

    在這些研究中,他們發現沒有一個確切的證據能證明有可以治療或防止宿醉的方法。

  • In the end, it seems more about treating the symptoms of a hangover rather than being able to actually cure it all together.

    最後,宿醉的症狀看起來還比能夠治療的方法還多呢。

  • Hey, if you're old enough, where were you when you had your first drink?

    嘿,如果你已達喝酒的法定年齡,你的第一口酒是在哪裡喝的呢?

  • Let us know in the comments below!

    在下方留言給我們吧!

  • Thank you so much to Hannah for being in this video!

    非常謝謝 Hannah 來到這部影片!

  • Her series "My Drunk Kitchen" is hilarious, and, you know, there's some education in there.

    她的「My Drunk Kitchen」系列非常有趣,也富有教育意義。

  • Make sure you go subscribe right now if you haven't already, and tell her Blocko sent you!

    如果還沒訂閱現在就訂閱我們吧!

  • As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, don't forget to keep on thinking.

    我叫 Blocko,在 Life Noggin,別忘了要不斷動腦喔。

Hey, there! Welcome to Life Noggin.

哈囉,歡迎來到 Life Noggin。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 酒精 代謝 身體 肝臟 宿醉 治療

喝醉過程中,身體到底發生了什麼事?(What Actually Happens When You Get Drunk? ft. Hannah Hart)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 27 日
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