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  • Hello. I'm Margot Politis and this is Study English, IELTS preparation.

  • Today on Study English, it's geography. How do we talk about places, locations and directions?

  • Listen to this clip about the history and geography of the Torres Strait.

  • The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland, between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

  • Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea. Darnley Island, also known as Erub, is the

  • largest volcanic island in the eastern Torres Strait, with a population of around 375. It

  • is surrounded by some of the deepest water in the world, known as the Darnley Deep.

  • Though we are a seafaring people, 75% of Torres Strait Islanders today are living on the mainland.

  • This is because we were displaced from our island homes since colonisation.

  • Life for Torres Strait Islanders has been an endurance test ever since colonisation.

  • During the Second World War, hundreds of Torres Strait Islander men were shipped off from

  • their homes to fight for their country, of which they were still not citizens. Uncle

  • Bill Sailor who has gone back to live on his land of Erub and remembers, all too well,

  • the war.

  • So that was Johnny Harding talking about his home, the Torres Strait Islands.

  • When we want to talk about a place, or where something is in relation to other places,

  • we need to use function words called prepositions.

  • Some common prepositions include in, on, near or between.

  • Prepositions can also be made up of two or even three words, for example, next to, surrounded

  • by, or in front of.

  • These are called prepositions of place.

  • Listen for the prepositions of place in this clip.

  • The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland, between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

  • Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea.

  • Now, let's go back over the clip and see if we can figure out where the Torres Strait

  • is.

  • Johnny says that the Torres Strait is situated above Queensland.

  • Here's Queensland.

  • The islands are situated above Queensland, and between the Arafura Sea and the Coral

  • Sea, Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea.

  • So the Torres Strait Islands can be found here:

  • The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland, between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

  • Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea.

  • Learning how to use prepositions correctly can be difficult, because most of them have

  • more than one function.

  • There are not many rules to help you choose correctly, so you need to learn each expression

  • separately.

  • Look at the use of the prepositions in the following:

  • Meet me at the front door of the department store in George Street on the corner.

  • In English we say:

  • at a location

  • in the street

  • but on the corner

  • The general rule is that we use 'in' to talk about large areas, for example:

  • I live in an apartment block, in Sydney, in Australia.

  • Use 'at' for particular locations:

  • I live at number 2 West Street.

  • Use 'on' to say things like:

  • My house is on the corner.

  • Or, I live on the second floor.

  • And here's a quick exercise on prepositions. Try describing the position of things in the

  • picture.

  • Choose from in, on, near, between, above,

  • next to, in front of.

  • The chair is __________ the table. The chair is in front of the table.

  • The orange is ___ the bowl. The orange is in the bowl.

  • The cup is ________ the vase and the book. The cup is between the vase and the book.

  • And why don't you try more of these exercises at home?

  • Listen for some more prepositions:

  • Darnley Island, also known as Erub, is the largest volcanic island in the eastern Torres

  • Strait, with a population of around 375.

  • It is surrounded by some of the deepest water in the world, known as the Darnley Deep.

  • Though we are a seafaring people, 75% of Torres Strait Islanders today are living on the mainland.

  • This is because we were displaced from our island homes since colonisation.

  • OK, so we can use spoken and written descriptions to talk about a number of different subject

  • areas.

  • In social settings we can describe people, family or relationships.

  • In physical settings, we can describe geography, landscapes and other places.

  • But whatever you're describing, it's important to organise and structure your language. You

  • need to carefully plan what you're going to say and the order you want to say it in.

  • If you're describing a country, it's helpful to list the features you want to concentrate

  • on.

  • They might include the location and size of the country, the physical features, the climate

  • and even the population and language of the people.

  • Listen to all the information in the clip about Torres Strait.

  • Can you hear what type of information the speaker is giving us?

  • The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

  • Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea. Darnley Island, also known as Erub, is the

  • largest volcanic island in the eastern Torres Strait, with a population of around 375.

  • It is surrounded by some of the deepest water in the world, known as the Darnley Deep. Though

  • we are a seafaring people, 75% of Torres Strait Islanders today are living on the mainland.

  • We heard information about the location and physical features of the islands as well as

  • about the population.

  • He could have included information about the economy, customs, festivals or food.

  • There are many choices.

  • If you're writing about a place, the first step is to decide which features you want

  • to describe. The next step is to organise the description.

  • When writing about a place, punctuation is another important tool to help organise your

  • writing and give it meaning.

  • The rules for punctuation are different in all languages, and knowing which letters to

  • capitalise is a key part of punctuation.

  • The rules about which words to capitalise need to be learnt.

  • Let's review some of these rules, then we'll go back to the clip and look at how some of

  • these rules apply.

  • We always capitalise:

  • the first word in a sentence

  • the pronoun 'I'

  • specific places on a map, for example, the Torres Strait, or Australia

  • names of people or nationalities, like Torres Strait Islanders, or Australians

  • periods of time, like the Second World War

  • and the names of people, including their title, for example Uncle Bill Sailor

  • Compass points are not capitalised, unless they form part of a formal name for an area.

  • So the eastern Torres Strait doesn't need a capital on the compass point, but Southeast

  • Asia does.

  • Let's take another look at the clip, focussing on the use of capitals.

  • The Torres Strait is situated above Queensland between the Arafura Sea and the Coral Sea,

  • Cape York Peninsula and Papua New Guinea. Darnley Island, also known as Erub, is the

  • largest volcanic island in the eastern Torres Strait, with a population of around 375.

  • Life for Torres Strait Islanders has been an endurance test ever since colonisation.

  • During the Second World War, hundreds of Torres Strait Islander men were shipped off from

  • their homes to fight for their country, of which they were still not citizens. Uncle

  • Bill Sailor has gone back to live on his land of Erub and remembers, all too well, the war.

  • Remember, if you're not sure which words to capitalise, check the dictionary.

  • And that's all for today.

  • Don't forget to practice organising and structuring your written language, and always edit your

  • writing to make sure all your capitals and other punctuation are right.

  • I look forward to seeing you next time on Study English, bye bye.

Hello. I'm Margot Politis and this is Study English, IELTS preparation.

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B1 中級 澳洲腔

學習英語 - 系列一,第20集:託雷斯海峽。 (Study English - Series 1, Episode 20: Torres Strait)

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    大呆危 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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