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  • [intro]


  • A man by the name of Thomas Szasz published a book in 1961 called, The Myth of Mental Illness,

    Thomas Szasz 在 1961 年出版了《心理疾病的神話》這本書,

  • discussing his belief that mental illnesses were unnecessary diagnosis used to excuse the behavior of moral and socially deficient people.


  • Some people still have this view of mental illnesses,


  • but the majority of the public have gotten to understand over the years what a mental illness is really about.

    但近年來,大多數民眾已經逐漸心理疾病的真正意涵 。

  • Although we have come to a better understanding of it, there's still tons of myths about it that can have harmful effects on the treatment of those with psychological conditions.


  • So, today, we'll be talking about 5 harmful myths about mental illnesses.


  • 1. People with mental disorders are likely to be violent.


  • The Sun, a newspaper in the United Kingdom, released an article saying that over 1,200 had been killed

    英國《太陽報》所發表的一篇文章指出,英格蘭有超過 1,200 人

  • by people with mental illnesses in the past 10 years in England.


  • The statistics were true, but what they failed to inform was that 97% of the accounted deaths were from suicides.

    這個統計數字是正確的,但他們並未說明納入統計的死亡案例中,有 97% 是自殺。

  • In actuality, criminal behavior in people with mental illnesses is very small,


  • and mentally ill people are the ones who are more likely to experience domestic violence and sexual abuse.


  • They're more likely to suffer an intense psychological reaction to being victimized.


  • 2. People can pull themselves out of a mental illness if they really wanted to.


  • A popular myth, especially with people with depression and anxiety,


  • is just that the person is being over-sensitive and could easily fix the problem.


  • This is where the phrases, "They just want attention" or "They like feeling miserable" come into play.


  • Mental illnesses often have a genetic factor that influences the preposition and chemical imbalances that can't easily be conquered by sheer willpower.


  • It's difficult to even take the first step by seeking help,


  • and working up the courage to even admit to yourself that there's a serious problem.


  • Finding a therapist and having to go through a trial and error process that takes up a large amount of time is difficult as well.


  • Some people even choose to fight it themselves.


  • Dealing with a mental illness can be scary, emotionally draining and exhausting. Having to pull yourself together and fighting through,


  • while taking any ounce of support you can get... is quite difficult.


  • 3. Love and support are the absolute cures to mental illnesses.


  • Therapists and doctors will always tell you that social support is a very important factor when it comes to the recovery process,


  • but it may not always be the surefire way to fix someone's mental illness.


  • We've all seen movies where a child with a serious behavioral problem or a girl who suffers from emotional outbursts


  • is made completely better by the end of the movie


  • because someone went out of their way to inspire a sudden realization that they, too, can be loved.


  • It's a touching concept, but if you expect this in real life, you'll be thoroughly disappointed.


  • They can be afraid of rejection in socialization. Although it's great having someone helping and supporting you along your fight, showing that they care about you,


  • a mentally ill person could have a hard time even believing that in the first place.


  • Expecting progress from showing love and affection on the same level support every single day will be harder,


  • especially on a particularly bad day for the person that's being helped.


  • 4. Having a mental illness is a social death sentence.


  • The awareness of mental illnesses and what causes them has more than doubled since the 1950s.

    自 1950 年代以來,人們對於心理疾病及其病因的認識已翻倍成長。

  • Mental illnesses have become highly aware of and have become more acceptable.

    人們對於心理疾病具有高度了解, 對其接受度也越來越高。

  • More so than physical illnesses in some cases.


  • Some even see it that having a mental illness is a sign of a greater understanding of what it means to be a human being.


  • Ardilla Gomez found that even living near a place that offers mental health services can raise the rates of acceptance and understanding from 21% to over 80% of the population.

    Ardilla Gomez 發現,即使只是居住在心理健康照護機構附近,就能夠將大眾對該疾病的接受和認知度從 21% 提高到 80% 以上。

  • People without mental illnesses are understanding what some people go through and are willing to go out of their way to help if they can.


  • 5. You will become your label.


  • This is a big fear when it comes to making the decision of going to a mental health professional.


  • Instead of a person, you'll feel labeled as a manic-depressive, an anorexic, a schizophrenic, etc.


  • Some clients end up feeling like they aren't seen and valued as a person.


  • Rogerian therapists have pushed for first-person terminology. For example, instead of "an autistic child" you use "a child with autism".


  • This puts emphasis on the person and not the illness.


  • Some researchers have even debated if telling their clients their official diagnosis is beneficial for their recovery process.


  • If the client is feeling like the mental disorder itself is the only thing that his or her therapist or doctor is focused on,


  • it's highly recommended that they find a new one.


  • If you enjoyed today's video, subscribe to Psych2Go. Also, don't forget to follow them on Facebook, Twitter and Tumblr.

    如果你喜歡今天的影片,請訂閱 Psych2Go。同時,別忘了追蹤我們的臉書、推特、以及 Tumblr。



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關於心理疾病的五大迷思 (5 Myths about Mental Illnesses)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 04 月 03 日