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  • Hey There! Welcome To Life Noggin!

    哈囉!歡迎來到 Life Noggin!

  • Everything in the universe is made up of atoms.

    宇宙間的所有事物都是由原子所構成

  • Atoms are 99.9999999% empty space.

    原子內部有 99.99999999% 為空的

  • So that means you humans, the walls you want to walk through, and everything around you is mostly empty space.

    也就是說,人類想要穿越的任何一道牆,以及所有你周圍的東西都是空的

  • It's mind boggling, but if that's true, why can't we pass through that empty space?

    令人難以想像吧,但如果是真的,我們為什麼無法穿越任何一個空的空間呢?

  • Atoms are made of electrons and a nucleus containing protons and neutrons.

    原子是由電子,和原子核中的質子與中子所組成

  • We usually see atoms drawn like this, but these sketches are nowhere near to scale.

    通常我們會看到原子畫出來是長這樣,但是根本四不像

  • Let's say an atom is the size of a melon.

    我們說原子的大小大概像一顆西瓜

  • If that's the case, then the nucleus and the electrons would be too small to even see!

    如果是這樣,那中子及電子會小到讓我們看不見

  • So yeah, there's lots of empty space.

    所以說沒錯,就有很多的空的空間

  • But it's not entirely empty.

    但卻又不完全是整個都空的

  • In those basic sketches of atoms, it's usually illustrated that electrons orbit around the nucleus just like our planet orbits the sun.

    通常那些原子的素描圖只描繪出電子繞行中子,就像我們的地球繞著太陽

  • But in actuality, electrons swarm around that empty space in cloud formations.

    但事實上,電子在空白空間群集成雲狀結構

  • Think about it like a fan.

    想像一下,就如同電風扇

  • It may seem like there's lots of empty space, but when it's turned on, you can see that the blades are basically everywhere all at once.

    看起來好像有很多空的空間,但開啟電源後,你可以看見扇葉轉動時占據了整個空間

  • Now, theoretically, if you tried to stick your hand into that fan, you'd see that your hand

    現在理論上,如果你試著將手放進電風扇裡,

  • and the fan blades can't exist in the same place at once

    你會發現扇葉跟你的手無法同時共存在同個空間

  • No, Triangle Bob, don't! I said theoretically!

    不,三角人 Bob,別!我只是說理論上!

  • Anyway, two things cannot exist in the same place at once and the same goes for electrons.

    總之,兩個東西無法共存在同個空間,電子亦是如此

  • This theory is called the Pauli Exclusion Principle.

    這項理論稱為「包利不相容原理」

  • No two electrons can be in the same state or configuration.

    任何兩個電子都無法同時保持同一狀態或形態

  • On a basic level, this is why you can't walk through walls.

    一般情況下,這就是為什麼你無法穿牆

  • So, you can't pass through an object, but did you know you actually can't even touch them either?

    因此你無法穿越任何的東西,但你知道你其實也碰不到任何東西嗎?

  • If you did stick your hand in that fan, you'd probably feel the blades hitting your hand, but you wouldn't actually be feeling the blades.

    如果你真的手伸進電風扇,你會感覺到扇葉打到你手上,但卻又沒辦法感覺到扇葉的存在

  • You've never truly felt an object ever!

    其實你根本沒感覺到任何東西的存在!

  • Yes, i know this sounds pretty wacky, but bear with us.

    是的,我知道這聽起來很奇怪,但承認吧!

  • You know how the negative end of a magnet repels other negative magnets?

    你知道兩個負極磁鐵是如何相互排斥嗎?

  • That's what's happening when you try to touch anything.

    這也可以應用在當你碰到任何東西時

  • It's like there's a little invisible force field between you and everything you touch.

    就好似有一個隱形的力形成在你和所有物品間

  • It's poked and prodded, but never broken.

    是尖尖刺刺的感覺,但堅不可摧

  • It's the same with everything else in the universe too.

    這就如同世間上的任何東西一樣

  • Now, you obviously can't, but if you were to actually walk through a wall, it would basically break science.

    現在,很明顯的你無法穿牆,即使你可以,也會打破科學根據

  • Electrons are fermions and have to obey the Pauli Exclusion Principle.

    電子是費米子的一種,也遵從包利不相容原理。

  • But bosons, another type of subatomic particle, don't.

    但是玻色子,也就是另一種次原子粒子卻不然

  • And if fermions started acting like bosons, the Universe would be a very weird place.

    假如費米子表現得像玻色子,宇宙將會變成一個很詭異的地方

  • My head hurts just thinking about it.

    光是這樣想我就頭疼

  • But we aren't completely hopeless!

    但我們也不用完全感到絕望!

  • There's still quantum tunneling, which is where a very tiny particle can make its way

    量子穿隧仍然存在,也就是一個非常微小的粒子可以穿過障礙物的路徑

  • across a barrier even though, according to classical mechanics, it doesn't have the energy to do so.

    儘管根據古典力學,它沒有足夠的能量可以這麼做。

  • And this isn't just some wacky idea -- tunneling is used in scanning tunneling microscopes.

    這並非是一個很奇怪的想法,通道被應用在掃描穿隧顯微鏡(探測物質表面的儀器)

  • Basically, electrons have a small probability of tunneling between the surface of the solid and a tiny tip on the microscope.

    基本上,電子在固體表面和顯微鏡上微小尖端之間穿隧的可能性很小。

  • If you wanted to use phenomenon to walk through walls, you'd need every single particle

    如果你想創造穿牆的奇蹟,你需要身體中的每個粒子都可以穿過屏障。

  • in your body to tunnel through the barrier. And sadly, the probability of that happening is very, very small.

    不幸的是,這種情況發生的機率微乎其微

  • Thanks to my animator though, I can pass through whatever I like. See?

    不過多虧我的動畫師,我可以通過任何我喜歡的東西。 看!

  • Although it does kinda make me feel funny right after.

    儘管之後我確實覺得很可笑

  • If you could choose one super power, what would it be?

    如果能擁有一項超能力,你會想要什麼?

  • Let us know in the comment section below!

    留言在下方讓我們知道你的答案!

  • Thank you so much to Honey for sponsoring this video.

    感謝 Honey 贊助這部影片

  • Honey is a free browser extension that over 9 million people are using every day to save money while they shop online.

    Honey 是一項免費的瀏覽器擴充功能,每日都有將近 900 萬人使用,幫助人們在網購時能省錢

  • Installing Honey is super simple.

    安裝 Honey 非常簡單

  • It only takes 2 clicks.

    只需要點兩次按鍵

  • Just go to joinhoney.com/LifeNoggin to get started.

    前往 joinhoney.com/LifeNoggin 就可以開始安裝程序了

  • Once that's finished any time you check out at an online store, Honey will automatically apply

    只要安裝完成,網路購物的時候,Honey 就會自動幫你

  • the best coupon it can find to give you the biggest discount.

    尋找最大折扣的折價卷。

  • I saved $4.00 on this magical unicorn cookie basket from Cookies By Design.

    我就這樣從 Cookies By Design 商店省下了 4 塊美金

  • It's called treating yourself, and I will not be ashamed.

    這就叫不虧待自己,我引以為傲

  • There really isn't any reason not to add Honey to your browser.

    沒有什麼理由讓你不擴充 Honey 這項功能

  • It's free, takes just two clicks to install, and will save you money.

    免費、只需要點兩次按鍵,你就能因此省錢

  • And if you want to support our channel, go to joinhoney.com/LifeNoggin, or click the link in the description below.

    如果想要支持我們的頻道,請前往 joinhoney.com/LifeNoggin 網站,或點擊下面連結

  • As always, my name is Blocko, this has been Life Noggin, don't forget to keep on thinking.

    老樣子,我是 Blocko,這是 Life Noggin,別忘了持續動動腦

Hey There! Welcome To Life Noggin!

哈囉!歡迎來到 Life Noggin!

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