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  • Today's episode is sponsored by Audible. Get a free audiobook with a 30-day trial today by signing up at

    今天這集由 Audible 贊助播出。快到 進行註冊,即可獲得 30 天試用期的免費有聲書。

  • Go to or text Infographics to 500-500 to get started.

    可到 或是輸入 500-500 傳簡訊至 Infographics 開啟會員。

  • We all should know that the largest country in the world is Russia, followed by Canada, the United States, and Chinaalthough some sources state that China is slightly larger than the U.S.


  • In terms of population, China comes top, followed by India, the United States, Indonesia, and Brazil.


  • India is expected to take the number one spot from China by 2022 according to the UN, while Nigeria is set to catch up to the USA or even exceed it in terms of population by 2050.

    聯合國預測 2022 年以前印度會取代中國成為人口最多的國家,而 2050 年以前奈及利亞的人口數量會追上甚至超越美國。

  • A UN report tells us Nigeria is the fastest growing population worldwide, and one of the reasons the world's population will be 8.6 billion by 2030; 9.8 billion by 2050 and a whopping 11.2 billion by 2100.

    聯合國報導指出奈及利亞的人口成長速度居冠,部分導致全世界人口會在 2030 年前增加到 86 億,2100 年更會達到 112 億。

  • But today it's all about the little guys, in this episode of the Infographics Show, Smallest country in the world.

    但今天 Infographics Show 頻道要談的是全世界最小的國家,

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  • We'll start with smallest by land mass, and that is Vatican City.

    首先先來看看最小的國家 ─ 梵諦岡,

  • Sharing a 2-mile (3.2km) border with Italy, it is a country located within the city of Rome.

    梵諦岡在羅馬城裡面,與義大利共享長 3.2 公里的邊界,

  • It has a land mass of 0.17 mi2 (0.44 km2).

    國土 0.17 平方英里 (0.44 平方公里)。

  • Worldometers puts the live population of this country at 795.

    根據 Worldmeter 組織統計,梵諦岡人口為 795 人。

  • In order to put this into perspective, Vatican City is about one-eighth the size of New York's Central Park.


  • You can literally run around the country in about 30 minutes, though the lack of sidewalks will make it not so much fun.


  • So, how did this little place become a country?


  • The area is home to historic sites such as St. Peter's Basilica and the Sistine Chapel, and so it was designated the headquarters of the Catholic Church.


  • It became a nation after the signing of the Lateran Pacts in 1929.

    1929 年簽訂拉特朗協定後,梵諦岡就獨立立國,

  • But why bother making this small area an independent state?


  • It's a very long story, but the gist of it is that the Papal States which covered much of modern day Italy was coveted by the then neighboring Kingdom of Italy.

    這中間有一段很長的故事,簡而言之是:義大利王國覬覦教皇國 (佔有現今義大利的大部分國土),

  • So, the Italians conquered the Papal States during the mid-19th century and the Pope retreated to the Vaticanso this was a base built around a hill where St. Peter's Basilica stood.


  • The Pope stayed put, and was not keen on the idea of being a prisoner in a Kingdom which he believed didn't exist.


  • To cut a long story short, Prime Minister Benito Mussolini came in and made some moves to make everyone happy.


  • He gave the Holy See its sovereignty, as well as lots of money.


  • The Holy See, or Holy Chair, is the universal government of the Catholic Church.


  • The Pope for his part acknowledged the Kingdom of Italy, promised to stay out of politics, and a deal was signed.


  • That's why we have today's smallest country in the world.


  • But does it actually function like a country?


  • Kind of, yes.


  • It is governed by an absolute monarchy, with the Head of State being the Pope.


  • He has full legislative, executive and judicial powers, and if he should die and there's some downtime, then the College of Cardinals wields those powers.


  • It has its own courts that act under the authority of the Pope.


  • It has its own police force, known as the Gendarmerie Corps of Vatican City State.


  • They look like regular cops and often carry Glock 17 semi-automatic pistols.

    他們看起來像正式的警察,常常攜著格洛克 17 型半自動手槍。

  • If you read about the biggest cases they were involved in lately, the main one was the arrest of one of Pope Francis's key advisors whose apartment was set to use for illegal drug use and orgies.


  • The country also has had the Swiss Guard since 1506, but this department is solely responsible for keeping the Pope safe.

    從 1506 年開始,梵蒂岡也開始有瑞士近衛隊,是專門為了保護教宗的安全,

  • All Swiss Guard members are Swiss 19-30 year olds who must be at least 5.9 ft (179.8cm).

    瑞士近衛隊的成員皆為 19 到 30 歲的瑞士青年,身高至少要 5 呎 9 英吋 (179.8 公分),

  • They must also be Catholic, unmarried men, that have done some training with the Swiss Army.


  • Vatican City does not have a military force, but is protected by Italy.


  • What do people there do for a living?


  • Not surprisingly, just about everyone from the Pope down works in some capacity for the Catholic Church.


  • Everyone is of Italian ethnicity (Vatican citizenship) except for those Swiss Guard we just mentioned.


  • This could be one of the many cardinals that work in the country, or working in some kind of administrative position.


  • An amusing story we found was the job of the person or people responsible for overlooking the Pope's Tweets.


  • This went to a group called the Pontifical Council for Social Communications.


  • According to Slate, positions such as this are not posted on job sites but people will be found via word of mouth.

    根據 Slate 雜誌,梵諦岡政府並不會在網站上公布這些工作機會,而是靠口耳相傳或他人推薦尋找人才,

  • You can be a lay person and fill a position, but many of the lay people that work in Vatican City don't actually live in the country.


  • While its population might be only 795, CIA Factbook puts its 2016 labor force at 4,822.

    梵蒂岡的人口只有 795 人,但美國中央情報局臉書在 2016 年公布梵諦岡的勞動人口足足有 4822 人。

  • It functions like a country in other ways, too, such as minting its own euros, printing its own stamps, and also issuing passports and license plates.


  • It has a flag, a national anthem, and even has its own media outlets.


  • It does not tax its citizens, however, and for money relies on things like admission fees for places of interest, and souvenir sales.


  • Vatican City has small industries such as printing services, production of coins, worldwide banking and financial activities, and the production of mosaics.


  • The Holy See also has properties and land all over the world.


  • Vatican City heavily relies on contributions, and those are substantial.


  • It's actually seen as a very wealthy place in the world.


  • According to media reports in 2014, it was so wealthy hundreds of millions of euros were discovered in sectional accounts that were not on the country's balance sheet.

    根據 2014 媒體報導,梵諦岡非常富有,部分銀行帳戶有幾億歐元,並沒有記在梵蒂岡的資產負債表上。

  • How do you get to live in this rich country?


  • Well, as it doesn't have birthright citizenship, the only way in is if you are chosen.


  • Even then it might be for a short stint, which can be renewable.


  • There are no schools here, but religious training is given in parts of Rome.


  • So, since you can't work or study, you're just going to have to settle with being a tourist.


  • You'd probably have a better chance of finding a job in the world's smallest country in terms of population.


  • This goes to the Pitcairn Islands in the southern Pacific Ocean.


  • It's estimated that the population there is around 50-plus people.


  • These folks have an interesting story, with most of them being ancestors of British HMS Bounty mutineers that made the island their home in 1789.

    這些人的背景很有趣,他們的祖先大部分是邦帝號叛變事件的船員,1789 年來到這座島,

  • They also settled there with Polynesian tribe members.


  • The 50-odd citizens speak English or Pitcairnese, live under a government, for the most part are Protestant Seventh-day Adventists, and they spend the New Zealand dollar.


  • It's a beautiful place, but when in 2015 the island sent message to the British press that they needed people to emigrate there and that land was totally free,

    皮肯特島很漂亮,但當 2015 年皮肯特人告訴英國媒體:他們需要人移民到那裏,島上的土地可以任意使用,

  • They got only one interested reply according to The Telegraph.


  • New Zealand is 3,000 miles away.


  • There's only one general store that opens three times a week, and you must order food three months in advance if you want supplies from New Zealand.


  • You might be stranded in the middle of nowhere, but according to the person responsible for bringing in more residents,


  • Once you are there, you are as connected as anywhere else. The island has electricity and the internet now.”


  • The bluest waters you've ever seen, she said, adding that seeing the stars from this island is magnificent.


  • If you found this list that's surprising as we did, then check out an audiobook called '101 Creepy, Weird, Scary, Interesting, and Outright Cool Facts' by Tylor Backhause on audible.

    如果你發現這份清單像我們一樣驚訝的話,請看看 Tylor Backhause 著作的有聲書《 101 件令人毛骨悚然、怪異、可怕,有趣和超酷的事實》。。

  • It's one of those books that keeps us amazed throughout and if you're a fan of this show, we're pretty confident you're gonna enjoy this book.


  • We use audible because it allows us to read favorite books while we're at home and listen to them while we're out doing other things.

    我們使用 Audible 是因為它可以讓我們在家中閱讀喜歡的書,也可以在外出做其他事情時聽它們。

  • Audible content includes a massive selection of audiobooks, original audio shows, news, comedy,

    Audible 的內容包括大量有聲書、原創廣播節目、新聞、喜劇,

  • and more from the leading audiobook publishers, broadcasters, entertainers, magazine, and newspaper publishers and business information providers.


  • Best of all, Audible is offering our listeners a free audiobook with a 30-day trial membership, so you can check out the book we just talked about risk free.

    更棒的是, Audible 提供我們的聽眾 30 天免費試用期的免費有聲書,因此你可以放心的閱讀我們剛才談到那本書。

  • Go to or text Infographics to 500-500 to get started today.

    快上 或是輸入 500-500 傳簡訊至 Infographics 開啟會員。

  • Thanks for watching and as always, don't forget to like, share and subscribe.


  • See you next time!


Today's episode is sponsored by Audible. Get a free audiobook with a 30-day trial today by signing up at

今天這集由 Audible 贊助播出。快到 進行註冊,即可獲得 30 天試用期的免費有聲書。

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在全世界最小的國家生活會如何?(What Is Life Like In The Smallest Country In The World?)

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    Evangeline 發佈於 2021 年 03 月 11 日