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  • Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

    你好!我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!

  • Welcome back to another lesson about

    歡迎再來上一節關於

  • confusing English verbs

    混亂的英語動詞

  • because some English verbs are quite similar

    因為有些英語動詞很相似

  • and sometimes it's hard to know which one

    有時很難知道哪一個。

  • is the right one to use.

    是一個正確的使用。

  • Last week, I talked about the verbs, been and gone.

    上週,我講到了動詞,been和gone。

  • In this lesson, I'll be talking about the verbs

    在這節課上,我將講到動詞

  • 'to lend' and 'to borrow'.

    '貸'和'借'。

  • And they're confusing because the meanings

    而且它們很混亂,因為它們的意思是:

  • happen to be very similar

    恰好

  • but different.

    但不同。

  • But don't worry, in this lesson,

    不過不用擔心,在這節課上。

  • I'll be sharing some tips

    我會分享一些技巧

  • to help you use these verbs correctly

    幫助你正確使用這些動詞

  • and remember which one is the correct one to use.

    並記住哪一個是正確的使用。

  • Just like the difference between been and gone,

    就像一直和消失的區別一樣。

  • the main difference between 'to lend' and 'to borrow'

    借與不借的主要區別

  • is the direction of the action.

    是行動的方向。

  • Okay, so what do these verbs actually mean?

    好吧,那麼這些動詞到底是什麼意思呢?

  • 'To lend' means to give something to someone

    "借 "是指給別人東西的意思

  • for a short period of time

    一時半會

  • and you expect to get it back again.

    而你卻期望再次得到它。

  • I'll lend you some money when I get paid.

    等我發了工資,我再借給你一些錢。

  • He lent his car to a friend for the weekend.

    他把車借給朋友過週末。

  • It's important to note that with this verb,

    需要注意的是,用這個動詞。

  • there is a difference

    有區別

  • between British and American English.

    英式英語和美式英語之間。

  • Lend is used in British English

    英國英語中使用Lend

  • and instead, loan is used in American English.

    而在美式英語中則使用貸款。

  • Now, lend is an irregular verb

    現在,借出是一個不規則動詞

  • so the past tense form becomes lent.

    所以過去式的形式變成了借貸。

  • Loan is a regular verb so it becomes

    貸款是一個常規動詞,所以它變成了

  • loaned in the past tense.

    借用了過去式。

  • Can you lend me some money?

    你能借我點錢嗎?

  • Can you loan me some money?

    你能借我點錢嗎?

  • Both of these sentences are the same.

    這兩句都是一樣的。

  • Okay, so lend means to give something to someone

    好吧,借是指把東西給別人的意思。

  • for a short period of time

    一時半會

  • and you can expect it back again.

    你可以期待它再次回來。

  • Now, when we use borrow, we simply need to switch

    現在,當我們使用借貸時,我們只需要將

  • the action to the person who is receiving the item.

    的動作,向接受物品的人。

  • 'To borrow' means to get something from someone

    "借 "是指從別人那裡拿東西的意思

  • with the intention of giving it back.

    用意還。

  • You don't plan to keep it

    你不打算保留它

  • and the person who gave it to you

    和給你的人

  • expects to receive it back again.

    期待再次收到回。

  • Now, borrow is a regular past tense verb

    現在,借是一個普通的過去式動詞。

  • so we just need to add -ed to make it borrowed

    所以我們只需要加上-ed就可以了。

  • in the past tense.

    在過去式中。

  • Right, so let me show you.

    對了,讓我給你看看。

  • Lend is similar to give.

    借與給相似。

  • And borrow is similar to take or receive.

    而借與取、受相似。

  • But both of these verbs mean

    但這兩個動詞的意思是

  • that the action only happens for a short period of time.

    該行動只在短時間內發生。

  • Let's take a closer look.

    我們來仔細看看。

  • Can you lend me your car for the weekend?

    你能借我你的車過週末嗎?

  • Can I borrow your car for the weekend?

    我可以借你的車過週末嗎?

  • These two sentences are describing

    這兩句是描述

  • exactly the same situation

    異曲同工

  • but from a different perspective.

    但從不同的角度來看。

  • The subject, so the person who is doing the action,

    主體,所以是做動作的人。

  • is different in each sentence

    每句都不一樣

  • so the verb must be different too.

    所以動詞也要不同。

  • You can't say "Can I lend me your car for the weekend?"

    你不能說 "我可以借你的車給我過週末嗎?"

  • Because the car is not mine

    因為這車不是我的

  • so I can't lend the car to me

    所以我不能把車借給我了。

  • or to anyone else for that matter.

    或對其他任何人來說。

  • You can only lend something if it belongs to you.

    只有屬於你的東西,你才能借給它。

  • You also can't say, "Can you borrow me your car?"

    你也不能說:"能不能把你的車借給我?"

  • And this is a really common mistake.

    而這是一個很常見的錯誤。

  • The person who owns the car cannot borrow it.

    車主不能借車。

  • Getting the information about who's giving and who's

    掌握誰在捐獻和誰的資訊。

  • taking something is really important

    取之有道

  • when you're using these verbs.

    當你在使用這些動詞時。

  • So, let's make sure you're getting that part right.

    所以,讓我們確保你得到這部分的權利。

  • So we have the subject and lend.

    所以我們有了主體和借貸。

  • Now remember, the subject is the person

    記住,主體是人

  • who is doing the action,

    誰在做這個動作。

  • so the person who is lending

    所以借出者

  • or who owns the object.

    或誰擁有該物體。

  • We have subject with lend with our object pronoun

    我們的賓語代詞有主語和藉詞的關係。

  • and our object.

    和我們的對象。

  • So the object pronoun tells us

    所以賓語代詞告訴我們

  • who is receiving the action.

    誰在接受行動。

  • Can you lend me some money?

    你能借我點錢嗎?

  • Now, lend can also be directly followed by the object

    現在,lend也可以直接跟在對象後面。

  • but if you want to say who's receiving the action,

    但如果你想說誰在接受行動。

  • you need to use the preposition, to.

    你需要用介詞,to。

  • So subject, lend, object,

    所以主體、借貸、客體。

  • to someone.

    給某人。

  • Can you lend some money to me?

    你能借點錢給我嗎?

  • Now, when using borrow

    現在,當使用借用

  • you can't use an object pronoun after the verb.

    你不能在動詞後面用賓語代詞。

  • You can't say "Can you borrow me your car?"

    你不能說 "你能借我你的車嗎?"

  • But you can use subject with borrow and the object.

    但你可以用主語與借語和賓語。

  • Can I borrow a pen?

    我可以借一支筆嗎?

  • And then you can add the preposition, from,

    然後你可以加上介詞,從。

  • and the person.

    和人。

  • Can I borrow a pen from you?

    我可以向你借一支筆嗎?

  • Can you lend a pen to Paul?

    你能借筆給保羅嗎?

  • Okay are you ready to practise with me?

    好了,你準備好和我一起練習了嗎?

  • Practise using lend and borrow.

    練習使用借貸。

  • When I .... you my hairdryer, you said you'd give it back!

    當我......我的電吹風給你的時候,你說你會還給我的!

  • When I lent you my hair dryer,

    當我把吹風機借給你的時候。

  • you said, you'd give it back!

    你說過,你會還給我的!

  • Now, there's an object pronoun here,

    現在,這裡有一個賓語代詞。

  • so it can't be borrow, can it?

    所以不能借,對不對?

  • And also take note of the tense

    還要注意時態

  • used in the second clause.

    在第二個分句中使用。

  • The past simple. So your verb needs to reflect this.

    過去的簡單。所以你的動詞要體現這一點。

  • They said we could ... their lawnmower.

    他們說我們可以... 他們的割草機。

  • Which one is it?

    是哪一個?

  • They said we could borrow their lawnmower.

    他們說我們可以借用他們的割草機。

  • Their lawnmower is not ours so it must be borrow.

    他們的割草機不是我們的,所以必須借。

  • He'll ... him the money if he really needs it.

    如果他真的需要錢,他會... ...給他的。

  • He'll lend him the money if he really needs it.

    如果他真的需要錢,他會借給他的。

  • So there's an object pronoun here so it can't be borrow.

    所以這裡有一個賓語代詞,所以不能借用。

  • She asked me if she could ... $500.

    她問我能不能......500元。

  • She asked me if she could borrow $500.

    她問我能不能借500元。

  • Now the clue here is in the verb asked.

    現在,這裡的線索是在動詞問。

  • The person who is lending the item is not asking for it

    借出物品的人並不是在索取。

  • are they?

    是嗎?

  • So it must be borrow.

    所以必須要借。

  • Okay well I hope that lesson was useful for you.

    好了好了,希望這堂課對你有用。

  • Just remember that lend is to give and

    只要記住,借貸是給予和

  • and borrow is to take.

    而借就是拿。

  • If you enjoyed this lesson, please subscribe

    如果您喜歡本課,請訂閱

  • to the mmmEnglish Channel just down there.

    到下面的mmm英語頻道。

  • I make new English lessons every week

    我每週都會製作新的英語課程

  • and if you subscribe,

    而如果你訂閱。

  • you'll find out as soon as there's a new one.

    只要有新的,你就會發現。

  • So right now, you can keep practising

    所以現在,你可以繼續練習

  • with some of my other lessons right here.

    與我的一些其他課程就在這裡。

  • Thanks for watching and I'll see you again next week.

    謝謝你的觀看,下週再見。

  • Bye for now!

    再見

Hello! I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

你好!我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!

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A2 初級 中文 澳洲腔 動詞 主體 英語 使用 過去式 行動

Confusing English Verbs | LEND & BORROW

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    Samuel 發佈於 2018 年 04 月 10 日
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