字幕列表 影片播放 列印英文字幕 - [Narrator] This is saffron, 這是番紅花 and just one pound of it can cost you $5,000. 僅僅一英鎊的番紅花可能要價 5000 美元 It's easily the world's most expensive spice. 它絕對是世界上最貴的香料 The next most expensive spice? 那第二貴的香料呢？ Vanilla at about $600 a pound. 則是要價一英鎊 600 美元的香草 So, what makes saffron so wildly expensive? 那麼到底為什麼番紅花如此的昂貴呢？ For starters, saffron is a complicated spice to harvest. 首先，番紅花是一種收成十分困難的香料 Saffron comes from the Saffron Crocus flower, 番紅花是鳶尾科番紅花屬的一種 and each flower has three red stigmas. 每朵花有三根紅色的柱頭 That's the saffron. 這就是平常看到的番紅花 Just one pound of saffron requires 170,000 flowers. The purple flowers bloom over a six week period from late September to early December. There's also a specific time of day to harvest them. 90% of the world's saffron is grown in arid fields in Iran. But harvesting all that saffron comes at a price. Most saffron harvesters are women getting paid a maximum of five dollars a day. Saffron is not only grown in Iran, it's grown in Morocco, Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Afghanistan, India, and even in the United States. Why the US? Though many Americans have never eaten saffron, the US imported 25 tons in 2013 and 46 tons in 2016. - What's so great about saffron? Over centuries, it's proven useful in many situations. Saffron is most commonly used in cooking. - It gives paella its signature flavor and golden color. It's also used in broths, breads, and marinades. When saffron is broken down, it creates a golden dye. - People have tried passing tumeric, red marigold petals, and lily flower stigmas as saffron. But the flavor and dye is totally different. In large quantities, saffron can be a potent, happiness-inducing narcotic. And research suggests it may help reduce the symptoms for Alzheimer's, depression, and PMS. Who knew this little spice packed such a punch?