Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

自動翻譯
  • Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English -

    羅伯:你好,歡迎來到6分鐘英語--。

  • the show that brings you an interesting

    節目,帶給你有趣的

  • topic, authentic listening practice

    主題,真實的聽力練習

  • and vocabulary to help you improve your

    和詞彙,幫助你提高你的

  • language skills. I'm Rob...

    語言能力。我是Rob...

  • Neil: Watashi no namae wa Neil desu.

    Neil:Watashi no namae wa Neil desu。

  • And that means 'my name's Neil'.

    而這意味著'我的名字'的尼爾'。

  • Rob: So Neil, here's a question for you -

    羅布:所以尼爾,這裡有一個問題要問你--。

  • can you speak any languages

    你會說任何語言

  • other than English of course? I think you can!

    當然,除了英語以外的其他語言?我想你可以!

  • Neil: Un poco de español

    會說一點西班牙語

  • that means a little bit of Spanish.

    這意味著一點點的西班牙語。

  • Some Japanese, which I tried at the beginning

    一些日語,我一開始就試過了

  • and also a bit of Czech language

    還會一點捷克語

  • Dobrý den. Jak se máš?

    Dobrý den.Jak se máš?

  • Rob: Very impressive. So what tips can you give

    羅伯:非常厲害。那麼,你能給什麼提示呢?

  • for learning to speak another language?

    用於學習另一種語言?

  • Neil: Well, practise, practise, practise -

    好吧,練習,練習,練習--。

  • and don't be afraid of making mistakes

    不要怕犯錯

  • as I no doubt have.

    毫無疑問,我也是如此。

  • Rob: Of course. Well my aim this year is to master

    羅伯:當然。我今年的目標是掌握

  • the Spanish language.

    西班牙語。

  • Master means to learn thoroughly.

    師傅的意思是要學得徹底。

  • Neil: Muy bien! Well you're not alone.

    Neil:Muy bien!好吧,你不是一個人。

  • A survey by the British Council found

    英國文化協會的一項調查發現

  • learning a language is a new year's resolution

    學好語言是新的一年的決心。

  • for about one in five Britons in 2018.

    為2018年約五分之一的英國人。

  • So learning Spanish is a good start Rob

    所以學習西班牙語是一個好的開始,羅伯

  • but do you know approximately

    但你是否知道大約

  • how many languages there are in the world altogether?

    世界上一共有多少種語言?

  • Are there... a) 70, b) 700 or c) 7,000

    是否有...a)70,b)700或c)7,000。

  • Rob: Well I know there are many but surely not 7,000

    羅伯:我知道有很多,但肯定不是7000個。

  • so I'm going to say b) 700 -

    所以我說b)700---------------。

  • but don't expect me to learn all of them.

    但不要指望我全部都學會。

  • Neil: I won't Rob. But I will give you the answer later.

    尼爾:我不會'羅布。但我以後會給你答案的。

  • So, we all know learning another

    所以,我們都知道學習另一種

  • language is a good thing -

    語言是個好東西

  • it brings us many benefits.

    它給我們帶來了很多好處。

  • Rob: Yes, we can communicate with people

    羅伯:是的,我們可以與人交流

  • from other countries and when we're travelling

    從其他國家和當我們'旅行。

  • we can understand what signs and notices say.

    我們可以理解標誌和告示的內容。

  • So we don't get lost.

    所以我們不會迷路。

  • Neil: That's right - but many scientists also

    尼爾:沒錯--但許多科學家也。

  • believe that knowledge of another language

    認為懂外語

  • can boost your brainpower. A study of monolingual

    可以提高你的腦力。一項對單語的研究

  • and bilingual speakers suggests speaking

    和雙語者建議說

  • two languages can help slow down

    兩種語言可以幫助減緩

  • the brain's decline with age.

    大腦'的衰退,隨著年齡的增長。

  • Rob: All good reasons. But Neil,

    羅伯:都是好理由。但是尼爾。

  • learning another language is hard.

    學習另一種語言是很難的。

  • It would take me years and years to become

    我需要很多年才能成為

  • fluent in say, Mandarin - by fluent I mean

    流利的國語--我說流利的意思是

  • speak very well, without difficulty.

    說得很好,沒有困難。

  • Neil: Well this depends on your mother tongue.

    尼爾:嗯,這要看你的母語了。

  • In general, the closer the second language

    一般來說,第二語言越接近

  • is to the learner's native tongue and culture

    是學習者的母語和文化。

  • in terms of vocabulary, sounds or sentence structure -

    在詞彙、聲音或句子結構方面--------------------------。

  • the easier it will be to learn.

    就越容易學會。

  • Rob: But whatever the language, there is so much

    搶:但不管是什麼語言,有這麼多的

  • vocabulary to learn - you know, thousands

    要學習的詞彙--你知道的,成千上萬的詞彙

  • and thousands of words.

    和數千字。

  • Neil: Maybe not Rob. Professor Stuart Webb,

    尼爾:也許不是羅伯。Stuart Webb教授

  • a linguist from the University of Western Ontario,

    西安大略大學的語言學家。

  • may be able to help you. He spoke to

    也許能幫到你。他說

  • BBC Radio 4's More or Less programme

    英國廣播公司第4臺的 "或多或少 "節目。

  • and explained that you don't need to do that...

    並解釋說你不需要這樣做... ...

  • Professor Stuart Webb: For language learners

    斯圖爾特-韋伯教授:對於語言學習者

  • in a foreign language setting - so for example

    在外語環境下,例如

  • if you were learning French in Britain

    如果你是在英國學習法語

  • or English in Japan,

    或日本的英語。

  • students may often really struggle to learn more than

    往往學生可能真的難以學到更多的東西。

  • 2,000, 3,000 words after many years of study.

    經過多年的學習,2000、3000字。

  • So for example, there was study in Taiwan recently

    所以,比如說,最近臺灣有研究說

  • that showed that after nine years of study

    該報告顯示,經過九年的研究

  • about half of the students had still failed to learn

    約有一半的學生仍未學會。

  • the most frequent 1,000 words.

    最頻繁的1000字。

  • Now they knew lower frequency words

    現在他們認識了低頻詞

  • but they hadn't mastered those most important words.

    但他們還沒有掌握那些最重要的詞彙。

  • Neil: So Rob, don't waste your time trying to learn

    所以,羅布,不要浪費你的時間去學習。

  • every single word. Professor Webb spoke there

    每一個字。韋伯教授在那裡發言

  • about research that showed students

    關於研究表明,學生

  • knew lower frequency words

    認識低頻字

  • but weren't learning enough high frequency words.

    但並沒有學習足夠的高頻詞。

  • Rob: Right, and frequency here means the number

    羅伯:對,這裡的頻率指的是數量。

  • of times something happens - so the important

    的時候發生的事情--所以重要的

  • words to learn are the high frequency ones -

    要學習的單詞是高頻詞--

  • and how many are there exactly?

    到底有多少人?

  • Neil: Here's Professor Stuart Webb again...

    又是斯圖爾特-韋伯教授...

  • Professor Stuart Webb: For example, with English,

    斯圖爾特-韋伯教授:例如,與英語。

  • I would suggest if you learn the 800 most frequent

    我建議如果你學會了800個最常見的

  • lemmas - which is a word and its inflections -

    外稃--這是一個詞和它的轉捩點--

  • that will account for about 75 per cent of all of the

    將佔所有的75%左右。

  • English language. So that learning those 800 words

    英語語言。所以說,學習這800個單詞

  • first will provide the foundation for which you may be

    首先,將為你提供基礎,你可能會

  • able to learn the lower frequency words.

    能夠學習低頻詞。

  • Rob: Fascinating stuff. And good to know

    羅伯:迷人的東西。很高興知道

  • I just need to learn about 800 words -

    我只需要學習800字------------。

  • or what he calls lemmas.

    或他所說的外稃。

  • Neil: Yes a lemma is the simplest form

    Neil: 是的,一個詞組是最簡單的形式。

  • or base form of a word. And the inflection here

    或詞的基本形式。而這裡的轉折

  • refers to how the base word is changed

    指的是如何改變基字

  • according to its use in a sentence.

    根據其在句子中的用法。

  • Knowing these things give you a foundation -

    知道了這些東西,你就有了基礎------。

  • that's the basics from which you language learning

    這是你語言學習的基礎知識。

  • will develop. Simple!

    會發展。簡單!

  • Rob: Thank goodness I am learning just one

    羅伯:感謝上帝,我只學了一個。

  • new language!

    新語言

  • Neil: But how many languages could you potentially

    尼爾:但你有可能用多少種語言?

  • be learning Rob? Earlier I asked you, approximately

    正在學習羅布?之前我問你,大約

  • how many languages there are in the world altogether?

    世界上一共有多少種語言?

  • Are there... a) 70, b) 700, c) 7,000

    是否有...a)70,b)700,c)7,000。

  • Rob: And I said 700. Was I right?

    我說700。我說的對嗎?

  • Neil: No Rob, you were wrong. There are around

    尼爾:不,羅布,你錯了。有大約

  • 7,000 recognised languages in the world

    世界公認的7,000種語言

  • but UNESCO has identified 2,500 languages

    但教科文組織已經確定了2500種語言

  • which it claims are at risk of extinction.

    它聲稱,它們有滅絕的危險。

  • Rob: A sobering thought Neil.

    羅布:一個清醒的想法,尼爾。

  • Now shall we remind ourselves of some of the English

    現在,我們要不要提醒自己一些英國人的看法?

  • vocabulary we've heard today. Starting with master.

    詞彙我們'今天聽到的。從大師開始。

  • Neil: To master a new skill, in this context,

    尼爾:在這種情況下,要掌握一種新的技能。

  • means to learn thoroughly or learn well.

    是指學透或學好的意思。

  • "Rob hopes to master Spanish

    "羅布希望能掌握西班牙語

  • before he starts a new job in Madrid."

    在他在馬德里開始新的工作之前"。

  • Rob: Really? That's news to me Neil!

    羅伯:真的嗎?這對我來說是個新聞,尼爾!

  • But it would be good to be fluent in Spanish -

    但如果能說一口流利的西班牙語就更好了--------。

  • or any language

    或任何語言

  • - or to speak it fluently - that's speaking it

    - 或者說得很流利--那就是說它

  • very well and without difficulty.

    很好,沒有困難。

  • Neil: Now our next word was frequency.

    尼爾:現在我們下一個詞是頻率。

  • Here we are referring to high and low frequency words -

    這裡我們指的是高頻詞和低頻詞------。

  • so it means how often they occur.

    所以,這意味著它們出現的頻率。

  • Examples of a high frequency word are

    高頻詞的例子有

  • ''it', 'the' and 'and'.

    ''它','的'和'。

  • Rob: And our next word is inflections.

    羅伯:而我們的下一個詞是拐彎抹角。

  • These are the changes to the basic form of words

    這些都是詞的基本形式的變化。

  • according to their function in a sentence.

    根據它們在句子中的功能。

  • Such as adding an 's' to the end of a word

    如在詞尾加一個's'。

  • to make it plural.

    使之成為複數。

  • Neil: And don't forget lemma which is

    尼爾:不要忘了 lemma 這是

  • the simplest form or base form of a word before

    簡體字

  • an inflection is added.

    加了一個拐彎。

  • Rob: And finally foundation which means the

    羅伯:最後是基礎,這意味著

  • basics your learning grows from.

    基礎知識你的學習成長。

  • Neil: That just leaves me to remind you

    尼爾:那就只剩下我提醒你了。

  • that you can learn English with us

    你可以和我們一起學習英語

  • at bbclearningenglish.com.

    在bbclearningenglish.com。

  • That's it for today's 6 Minute English.

    這就是今天的'6分鐘英語。

  • We hope you enjoyed it. Bye for now.

    希望你喜歡。暫時再見。

  • Na shledanou! Hasta luego! Ja-ne!

    Na shledanou!回頭見賈恩!

  • Rob: And in English, goodbye.

    羅伯:還有用英語說,再見。

  • Neil: Goodbye.

    再見了

Rob: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute English -

羅伯:你好,歡迎來到6分鐘英語--。

字幕與單字
自動翻譯

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 英國腔 羅伯 尼爾 語言 學習 羅布 西班牙語

BBC 六分鐘英語學習 | Learn to talk about learning a language in 6 minutes! (BBC Learning English 6 Minutes | Learn to talk about learning a language in 6 minutes!)

  • 3380 148
    colinsyuan 發佈於 2018 年 04 月 03 日
影片單字