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  • Oh!

    哎呀!

  • Ah! Nah, oh!

    啊!呀!喔!

  • Hey guys, it's Em.

    大家好,我是 Em

  • Today I'm going to be talking about one of my favorite invertebrates, the Madagascan Hissing Cockroach. The Madagascan Hissing Cockroach is an animal which I

    今天我要來聊聊其中一種我喜愛的無脊椎動物,馬達加斯加蟑螂,我想大家聽到

  • feel gets unduly hated. Give them a chance,

    馬達加斯加蟑螂會感到極度厭惡,給牠們一個機會

  • I'm sure I can change your mind about them in the next couple of minutes.

    我保證在接下來幾分鐘我會讓你們對牠們完全改觀

  • Also if you haven't already, please hit that subscribe button. And you can find in the description box below a link to all my different social media where you can

    同時如果你還沒訂閱,請按下訂閱按鈕,然後你可以在資訊欄中找到我的其他影片連結

  • keep up to date with me daily, and

    你可以在其他影片中跟我保持互動

  • see the pics and videos I put up of all the animals that I work with. What kind of cockroach video would this be without

    也能看看平常跟我相處的動物們的影片與照片。如果沒有蟑螂,這還能叫蟑螂影片嗎?

  • cockroaches? Focus, focus.

    注意囉,注意囉

  • This here is the beautiful

    在這裡可以看到美麗的

  • Madagascan Hissing Cockroach. I have here a male and a female.

    馬達加斯加蟑螂,這裡是一公一母

  • I'm going to show you which one is which just by holding them up.

    我要把牠們拿近點,讓你看看哪隻是公的,哪隻是母的

  • Can you see the subtle

    你能看出牠們頭部微妙的

  • differences on the heads? This one over here is a female, this one over here is the male. The male has these humps on

    差別嗎?在我右手上的是母的,左手上的是公的,公的頭上有一些圓形突起物

  • top of his head which he uses for dueling with other males, whereas the female has a completely rounded head

    是用來跟其他公蟑螂決鬥用的,相反地母蟑螂的頭是完全的圓弧形

  • because females are a lot more sensible than males. One thing that does surprise people when they first meet the Madagascan

    因為女性比男性通情達理多了,許多人第一次看到馬達加斯加蟑螂會感到驚訝的是

  • Hissing Cockroach is that they don't have wings. There are a lot of species of cockroach out there

    他們沒有翅膀。有許多品種的蟑螂

  • which do have wings. These guys don't have any wings

    都有翅膀,但牠們沒有

  • whatsoever. If you wanted to know what they feel like, they kind of feel like polished wood.

    如果你想知道牠們感覺像什麼,牠們有點像拋光木材

  • That's what we tell children when we go out onto shows to get them used to the idea of wanting to hold them.

    當我們在外面介紹馬達加斯加蟑螂時就會這麼告訴孩子,讓他們有想要碰牠們的想法

  • They're also incredibly clean. They like to clean themselves,

    牠們也是不可思議地乾淨,他們喜歡清潔自己

  • they like to be clean. Often I see these guys cleaning themselves after I've held them.

    他們喜歡自己是乾淨的,我常常看到牠們在離開我的手之後開始清潔自己

  • They are kind of repulsed by us because we are actually so much more dirty than cockroaches.

    牠們有點對我們反感,因為其實我們比牠們髒得多

  • Look at them, all those dirty people out there, watching Youtube. These guys were brought over from

    看看他們,那些正在看 Youtube 的骯髒人類。這些小傢伙

  • Madagascar to other countries, not just for the pet trade as pets, but also as a food source for other animals.

    從馬達加斯加被帶到其他國家,不只是當作寵物來販售,也是其他動物的食物來源

  • Um, some people like to keep reptiles as pets. I personally love to, and we do have monitor lizards at work

    有些人喜歡養爬蟲類當寵物,我個人也很喜歡,我們工作的地方有些巨蜥

  • which very typically get fed large Madagascan Hissing Cockroaches as a source of food. They are super high in protein.

    牠們就是典型地把馬達加斯加蟑螂當食物的動物,馬達加斯加蟑螂的蛋白質很高

  • I'm going to see if I can get my male to make that hissing noise.

    我要看看我是否可以讓公蟑螂發出嘶嘶聲

  • I just have to tap him very gently and he should do it.

    我只要輕輕地拍牠,牠應該會發出聲音

  • Can you hear that?.

    你有聽到嗎?

  • It's like maracas.

    那聲音就像沙鈴

  • This guy's not used to being held. He's not one of our working cockroaches,

    牠不常被捧在手上,牠不是我們工作場所飼養的蟑螂

  • he's just one that lived in the bigger colony that we have. We have roughly,

    牠只是我們工作場所的飼料蟑螂之一,我們有大約…

  • I would say maybe close to a thousand at work including all the little babies. We have plenty of cockroaches.

    我只能說包括幼年期的,大約近千隻蟑螂在工作場所,我們有一大堆的蟑螂

  • Um, again, they are used as a food source for some of our other animals at work, so we do have to have a plentiful supply.

    再次申明,牠們在我們工作場所是作為其他動物的食物來源,所以我們必須有足夠的供給量

  • Males and females if they're kept in the right conditions

    如果公蟑螂跟母蟑螂飼養在對的環境下

  • they will breed very readily. They can have between 50 and 60 young at a time. The females when they are giving birth,

    牠們會繁殖地非常快速,他們一次可以繁殖 50 到 60 隻小蟑螂,當母蟑螂在生產的時候

  • they actually gives birth to live young. They don't lay eggs. They give birth to live young and what they do is

    牠們會真的產下活生生的幼年期,牠們不生蛋,牠們會直接生下幼年期,牠們怎麼做的呢

  • they lift up a little hatch back here

    牠們會在尾端孵化

  • and they give birth and they come out, the babies, in like a string. When the nymphs are born, um, nymphs being baby cockroaches,

    然後生產,幼年期出來時就像繩子一樣排成一列。當蛹孵化,蛹變成小蟑螂時

  • um, they are completely white, almost like a translucent white. Then over the course of a few hours

    牠們是純白的,幾乎有點半透明的白,經過幾個小時候

  • they do darken down as the exoskeleton hardens. If you are interested in keeping Madagascan hissing cockroaches as pets,

    當骨骼變硬,顏色就變得黯沉。如果你有興趣養馬達加斯加蟑螂當寵物

  • um, then you'll be pleased to know that not only are they very easy to come by and very cheap to buy,

    你一定要知道牠們不只是非常容易獲得、非常便宜

  • um, they're very very easy to keep. Um, I'm gonna do a

    牠們非常非常好養,我打算拍個

  • more in-depth video about how to care for cockroaches properly,

    更深入的影片談談怎麼照顧蟑螂

  • um, in particular the Madagascan hissing cockroach, because they're probably the most commonly kept pet cockroach.

    尤其是馬達加斯加蟑螂,因為牠們可能是最好養的蟑螂

  • So I will do that at some point in the future.

    所以我未來可能會提幾個要點

  • Let me know if that's something that you would want to see. But typically they can be kept in a plastic or glass

    如果你有什麼想看的,請告訴我。通常牠們可以養在安全的塑膠或玻璃容器裡

  • container which is secure, because they are great escape artists, and yes

    因為牠們是逃跑的藝術家,還有,是的

  • they can climb glass as I learned many years ago when I first started keeping them. They can climb glass, they climb glass very well.

    牠們可以在玻璃上爬行,我也是好幾年前第一次養的時候知道的,牠們可以在玻璃上爬行,而且很擅長

  • Um, here's this myth that if you put Vaseline at the top of an enclosure it will stop them from climbing out.

    有個迷思是你如果在開口端塗凡士林就能阻止牠們爬出去

  • No. You need a secure lid, maybe something with mesh, um,

    不,你需要一個蓋子,或是有網眼的蓋子

  • and that will hopefully stop them and their babies from escaping. If they do escape from their enclosure

    那比較有可能阻止牠們跟小蟑螂逃脫,如果牠們真的逃脫了

  • you don't have to worry about having a cockroach infestation, especially if you live in a

    你不用擔心會有一大堆蟑螂橫行,尤其如果你住在

  • colder climate like I do here in England, because they unfortunately will not survive in a cold climate.

    寒帶氣候,像我住在英國,因為牠們無法在寒帶氣候存活

  • They won't breed in a cold climate. So if they do escape, they're completely benign, you're not going to have an infestation in your house.

    牠們不會在寒帶氣候繁殖,所以如果他們逃脫了,反而是好事,你家就不會有一堆蟑螂肆虐

  • They're super easy to feed. They love to have their vegetables, so we give them, um, vegetables such as romaine lettuce. They love

    牠們很好養,牠們喜歡吃蔬菜,所以我們給牠們蔬菜像是萵苣

  • carrot, love carrot they adore it. They also like overripe banana, and I also give them a little bit of

    牠們喜歡胡蘿蔔,牠們愛死它了,牠們也喜歡過熟的香蕉,我也會給牠們一些

  • ferret food too, just as a source of protein. Typically they don't eat too much of this, they prefer their leafy greens and their, um,

    雪貂食物,因為要補充蛋白質,通常牠們不會吃太多,牠們比較喜歡多葉的綠色蔬菜,還有

  • apple and carrot. Yeah, they love apple too. Um, the apple and carrot, but I do leave a small dish of these all the time,

    蘋果跟胡蘿蔔,對,牠們也愛蘋果,蘋果跟胡蘿蔔,但我總是會放一小盤雪貂食物

  • um, even in between days when I feed them. Typically I feed these guys three times a week, um,

    即使是我有餵食的時候也會。通常我一週餵牠們三次

  • but if they don't have fresh leafy matter in their enclosure

    但如果牠們沒有一些新鮮菜葉在旁邊

  • then I do leave them at all times a dish of, uh, ferret food

    我都會放一盤雪貂食物在裡面

  • which is high in protein if they want that. Some people choose to feed cat food which is fine too,

    雪貂食物富含蛋白質,如果牠們想吃的話。有些人會選擇貓飼料,那也可以

  • um, dry cat biscuit as a source of protein. But because I actually have a ferret at home

    乾的貓餅乾當作蛋白質來源,但因為我有雪貂在家

  • and I don't have a cat, for me

    而我沒有養貓,對我來說

  • it's just more practical to feed them ferret food. Although not strictly nocturnal,

    餵牠們雪貂飼料比較實在。雖然不是完全地夜行性

  • I do find that Madagascan Hissing Cockroaches prefer to come out at night. You know when you've misted their enclosure.

    我發現馬達加斯加蟑螂偏好晚上出沒。然後你需要在牠們周遭噴水霧

  • They do need to have quite a high humidity, because that's what they would be used to in their native climate.

    牠們需要很高的濕度,因為那是牠們習慣的天然氣候

  • So I spray these guys twice a day with warm water and that keeps their humidity up at about 60 to 70

    所以我一天會用溫水噴兩次,保持牠們周遭濕度大約 60 到 70%

  • percent. And you can easily keep track of your humidity by investing in a hydrometer(hygrometer).

    你可以很簡單的透過濕度計來掌握濕度

  • Um, hydrogometer.

    呃,濕重計?

  • Hydrometer(hygrometer) I can never get it right. Hydrom hydrogome- hy-hydrometer. Hy-hydrometer.

    我一直沒辦法搞清楚濕度計怎麼念

  • They like it wet.

    牠們喜歡潮濕

  • Lifespan-wise, they're not the longest lives of invertebrates.

    壽命部分,牠們不是最長壽的無脊椎動物

  • Um, typically you'll be looking at about two to three years. Some people say four to five years

    基本上大約是 2 到 3 年,有些人說 4 到 5 年

  • but I've never known them to live that long. There are three kinds of hisses that these guys can do.

    但我沒看過牠們活這麼久,牠們可以發出三種嘶嘶聲

  • Uh, the first one is a "don't touch me" hiss, which is when they're startled or surprised or uncomfortable or under attack,

    第一種是「別碰我」的嘶嘶聲,當牠們受到驚嚇、被偷襲或感到不舒服、被攻擊時會發出的

  • um, and the other one that they do is a, um,

    另一個牠們會做的是

  • sort of like a more of a romantic hiss to try and entice the ladies for breeding.

    有點浪漫的嘶嘶聲,為了引誘母蟑螂來繁殖

  • Um, typically if you keep them in pairs

    通常如果你養了一對

  • then you'll here it at night time when they get jiggy. And the third one that they do is they combative hiss

    晚上牠們在「辦事」的時候你就會聽到這種聲音。第三個是殺氣騰騰的嘶嘶聲

  • so when the males are gonna fight for,

    所以當公蟑螂要爭奪權力的時候

  • um, dominance, they use these little humps which you should be able to see. Let me see if I can get my camera to focus.

    牠們用頭上的小突起物,你應該可以看到,讓我試試看攝影機能不能對焦

  • You can see there. There's two humps on

    你可以看到這裡有兩個突起

  • top of his head. They use those for fighting with each other until one of them backs down

    在頭頂上,牠們這兩個突起來打架,直到一方放棄

  • and then that one is the winner. There is something pretty cool about these guys is they have these little mites that live on them and

    然後另一方就是贏家,有個很酷的是這些傢伙身上有一些螨與他們共生

  • if you look carefully you can sometimes

    如果你仔細看有時候可以

  • get a glimpse of them if they're particularly large mites. And these mites will basically live on the cockroach.

    稍微瞥見那些稍大一點的螨,而且基本上這些螨只會待在蟑螂身上

  • Um, they won't come off onto you, don't worry. They have no interest whatsoever in, in,

    牠們不會跑到你身上,不用擔心。螨對你沒有興趣

  • being on your hand or giving you some kind of weird disease.

    不會想跑到你手上或帶給你奇怪的疾病

  • Um, still you should wash your hands after handling them just in case, but they live on the cockroach

    你在把玩牠們之後還是要洗手以防萬一,但螨還是只住在蟑螂身上

  • and they will use the cockroach as a food source, so they will nibble on the exoskeleton.

    螨以蟑螂為食物來源,所以螨會一點一點的啃食骨骼

  • They will also, um, eat some of the cockroach's food when a cockroach walks over food like apples and bananas, et cetera.

    螨也會吃蟑螂的食物,當蟑螂走過蘋果、香蕉等等食物時

  • Um, and, not only that, they actually work really well

    不只如此,其實螨跟蟑螂合作良好

  • in keeping a cockroach clean and free of mold spores as well. So it's what we call a symbiotic relationship.

    螨可以保持蟑螂的乾淨,也釋放黴菌孢子,所以我們可以說牠們是共生關係

  • That's a relationship where it's mutually beneficial. The quickest way to kill your cockroach, um, other than feeding it,

    是個互利共生的關係。殺死你的蟑螂最快的方法,除了拿去餵其他動物

  • something, uh, which is not good for them, is to

    其他還有一些方法,對牠們來說不是好事

  • um, keep them too cold. They don't like the cold and they will perish, so, um,

    就是讓牠們待在寒冷環境,牠們不喜歡寒冷環境,然後牠們會死掉,所以…

  • try and keep them outside of drafts. Um, don't keep them on direct sunlight. They don't like direct sunlight.

    試著把牠們養在室外通風處,不要太陽直接照射,牠們不喜歡直接照到太陽

  • They need lots of places to hide to feel secure and safe. Um, that can be something as simple as a loo roll

    牠們需要很多空間來躲藏,才能感到安心、安全,可以是一些像捲筒一樣簡單的東西

  • um, cardboard bit. You know when you finish a toilet roll, that little roll in the middle.

    厚紙板,你知道當你用完廁所捲筒衛生紙,中間的小捲筒

  • They like to hide in those or even egg cartons. You can use discarded egg cartons.

    牠們喜歡躲在那種地方,或是蛋盒,你可以使用不要的蛋盒

  • They like to hide and breed in those too. These guys are great, I can't recommend them enough.

    牠們也喜歡躲在那裏面,或是繁殖。這些小傢伙很棒,我沒辦法一一介紹

  • I think they're a really great starter pet to introduce your kids to

    我想牠們很適合讓初次養寵物的人飼養,可以帶領你的孩子負責

  • responsibility, or if you're teacher and you need a classroom pet because they are fairly hardy and as you can see they are very very gentle. Other

    或是如果你是個老師,而你需要一個教室寵物,因為牠們命夠硬,而且如你看到的,牠們很優雅

  • than the occasional hiss

    除了偶爾發出嘶嘶聲

  • and the occasional burst of speed, they're not going to hurt you.

    還有偶爾暴走,牠們不會傷害你

  • Um, just don't go eating them. For some reason there are two-

    但就是別吃牠們,因為一些原因有兩…

  • Now I don't want to be disrespectful here, because I know people who know of one at the incidents that

    我不想要這麼失禮,因為我有認識的人知道那個事件

  • I'm gonna talk about very briefly. But I know of two incidents where different establishments have done

    我會講得很簡略,但我知道有兩次事件是不同的機構舉辦

  • competitions where you eat live cockroaches and other invertebrates to win a prize.

    競賽,看誰能吃下活蟑螂跟其他無脊椎動物就能贏得獎品

  • Um, don't do that because they do have a neurotoxin in them which numbs your mouth. And aside from that being quite, in my

    別這麼做,因為牠們含有神經毒素會麻痺你的嘴巴。先不談這是個非常,對我個人來說

  • opinion, cruel, if you're eating live cockroaches, um, you can asphyxiate. And in one of the, um,

    殘忍的,如果你吃下活蟑螂,你會窒息。而在其中一個我要說明的事件中

  • cases that I'm referring to, which my boyfriend was present at, though not participating in, um, someone did unfortunately

    那時我的男朋友也在場,雖然沒有參加,但有人這麼做了

  • and very sadly die from eating live cockroaches.

    很不幸也很難過地,因為吃下活蟑螂而死了

  • Please don't do it. The other incident which I don't know much about, um,

    請不要這麼做,另一次事件我並不是很清楚

  • but that I know of because it's quite well documented, um, is Six Flags. Anyone in the states knows Six Flags.

    但我知道,因為它有被記錄下來,就是六旗樂園。許多在美國的人都知道六旗樂園

  • Um, I believe it's in either New Jersey or New York. I think it's New Jersey? Is that right? I think it's in New Jersey, Six Flags.

    我相信它是在紐澤西或紐約,我想應該是紐澤西,是嗎?我想是在紐澤西,六旗樂園

  • Um, and

    然後

  • it's a theme park for those who you don't know, and they actually in

    那是為了某些人設立的主題樂園,他們實際上在

  • 2006 had a similar competition and that was for people to eat live

    2006 年有個小比賽,就是讓吃下活的馬達加斯加蟑螂的人

  • Madagascan Hissing Cockroaches to gain free entry to the theme park. Just don't do it, these guys have very very,

    獲得免費入園機會。別再這麼做了!這些小傢伙有非常

  • um, spiky legs, which don't hurt they just use them to grip and to hold on, but they can get into your lungs, they can make

    充滿尖刺的腳,不會傷人,牠們只是用來抓住東西,但牠們可能會進到你的肺,牠們會讓你

  • you asphyxiate. Uh, it's very difficult to swallow these guys as well.

    窒息,但要吞下這些傢伙也很困難

  • Um, because that neurotoxin that I was talking about earlier, it it numbs your mouth, so you don't know if you're swallowing or breathing or or anything.

    因為我剛剛提到的神經毒素,它會麻痺你的嘴巴,所以你不知道你現在是否在吞嚥或呼吸或其他的

  • Um, that's not to say that they can't be eaten. I'm sure they can if prepared properly and I have no issue with that.

    並不是說牠們不能吃,我很確定牠們可以吃,如果你有好好處理的話,我對於食用蟑螂沒有甚麼問題

  • You know a lot of people eat insects around the world, and they are a great source of protein.

    你知道世界上有很多人會吃昆蟲,昆蟲也是個很好的蛋白質來源

  • Um, I

  • personally just don't do it because for me they're pets and not food. Well

    個人來說就是不會這麼做,因為對我來說牠們是我的寵物不是食物,好的

  • that's it, if you have any questions or comments pop them down below. Also be sure to hit that subscribe button if you haven't already

    以上是今天的影片,如果你有任何問題或評論,請在下方留言,同時確定你有點擊訂閱按鈕,如果你還沒訂閱的話

  • for loads more animal videos coming up.

    訂閱以獲得更多動物影片

  • I have so much planned. I'm really excited about that. I don't want to tell you just yet. You have to-

    我計畫了好多,我真的很興奮,因為還沒準備好所以我不想跟你說,你必須…

  • Just subscribe and you'll see. Thanks so much for watching and we hopefully will see you again very soon. Bye!

    訂閱,然後就能看到了,感謝你的收看,希望我們很快就能見面,拜拜!

  • Rid yourself of toxic people in your life.

    擺脫你人生中的小人

  • If people are being negative and putting you down,

    如果有人是非常負面且會羞辱你的話

  • telling you that you or your job or your body are not good enough,

    告訴你,你或你的工作或你的一切都不夠好

  • "See ya!" Hey, don't forget to subscribe.

    「滾吧!」嘿,別忘了訂閱

Oh!

哎呀!

字幕與單字

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 英國腔 蟑螂 嘶嘶聲 寵物 動物 食物 蛋白質

馬拉加西嘶嘶聲蟑螂作為寵物|動物保健 (Madagascan Hissing Cockroaches as Pets | Animal Care)

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    Boyeee 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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