Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • The famous linguist Stephen Krashen published a book called Free voluntary reading.

    知名語言學家 Stephen Krashen 寫了一本書叫做「自主閱讀」

  • And he claims that reading for pleasure in a foreign language may be

    他聲稱為了娛樂閱讀外文書或許是

  • one of the single most effective things that you can do in that language to learn the language better.

    一種把語言學好最有效的方式

  • But it's not gonna be effective if you don't do it in the right way.

    但若是你沒有按照正確的方式,這方法就不會那麼有效

  • So in this video I'm gonna give you four steps that will allow you to take books that you actually want to read.

    在這部影片,我會提供大家 4 個步驟讓你開始讀你想讀的書

  • Read them in your foreign language and make this an effective way to build vocabulary and learn your language.

    幫助你閱讀外文書的同時學習外語、增進詞彙量

  • This channel is all about helping you learn how to learn languages in a way that's fast, fun and easy.

    這個頻道專門針對學習外語提供有效率且輕鬆愉快的學習方式

  • And I think that reading in a foreign language is definitely gonna make learning languages easier and way more fun.

    我相信閱讀外文書肯定會讓學習外語容易些,並且帶來更多樂趣

  • So the first thing you need to do, if you're gonna use books as an effective tool for learning languages,

    如果你想利用閱讀來有效學習語言

  • is you need to find the right book for you.

    你第一步必須做的就是找到一本適合的書

  • That means you're gonna have to find books that are enjoyable to read.

    也就是說,你要找到一本讀起來有趣的書

  • Here I have 'The Game of Thrones' in Spanish which I read because I like 'The Game of Thrones'.

    我手上有西語版的《權力遊戲》,我正在讀這本,因為我喜歡《權力遊戲》

  • Maybe you like non-fiction books so I bought 'The four hour work week' in Spanish.

    也或許你喜歡非科幻類型的,比如我手上這本《每週四小時西語》

  • We also need to find books that allow us to use comprehensible input,

    這本書還必須是我們有一定理解程度的

  • which means that you should be able to understand about seventy five to eighty percent of what you're reading but not everything.

    換言之,你不用讀懂全部,但你必須能讀懂 75% 到 80%

  • Cause if you already understand everything you're reading, it's not gonna help you learn that much.

    因為要是你已經能讀懂全部了,那沒辦法幫助你學習到很多

  • If you're a brand, brand new beginner to your language,

    若是你對這個外語是完全的初學者,你或許想從童書開始

  • you might want to pick up some children's books because the vocabulary is super easy.

    因為童書使用的字非常簡單

  • It's not difficult at all to understand that this says one fish two fish red fish blue fish.

    不難理解,這是一隻魚、兩隻魚、紅色的魚、藍色的魚

  • There is a gradient of children's books.

    童書也是有差別的

  • This is The Little Prince, which is originally in French, but you can get this in any language,

    這是「小王子」,原版是法文的,但是你能找到任何語言的翻譯版本

  • and I highly recommend it because even though it's for children and it uses very basic vocabulary,

    我相當推薦這本,因為雖然這是童書而且用字基礎

  • it's actually really deep and adults can enjoy it a lot as well.

    但其實內容意義深遠,所以成人也能獲得閱讀樂趣

  • I also suggest graphic novels because they give you pictures,

    我也推薦漫畫,因為裡面有很多圖片

  • and you'll never be lost as long as you can follow the pictures

    你只要看著圖,就不會看不懂在講什麼,

  • and it's a great way for being able to follow along and learn in a foreign language.

    所以很好閱讀,學習外語也很有效

  • A few weeks ago I talked about using plays or any kind of theater

    幾週前,我提過利用戲劇或是任何類型的劇場藝術

  • because they use very short phrases and you always know exactly who's speaking

    因為它們會用簡潔的片語而且你總能知道說話者是誰,

  • and you can watch that video I posted a few weeks ago.

    若你想知道更多,請看我幾週前發佈的影片

  • I'm not gonna go into detail here, but plays are a great way.

    我在這裡不會細談,但戲劇是一個很好的學習媒介

  • And more than anything else, the best kind of book that you can read are books that you're already familiar with.

    但最棒、最適合你的書還是你已經讀過、很熟悉的書

  • Here I have Harry Potter in French, Greek, and Spanish because these are all languages that I'm learning,

    這裡我有「哈利波特」的法語版、希臘語版和西語版,這些是我在學習的語言

  • and I loved the Harry Potter books growing up, so I already know what's going on.

    我一直都很喜歡「哈利波特」系列,也已經知道了 故事情節

  • And I can really understand from context, or just from memory what's happening,

    所以我其實可以直接理解文本,或是回想這段的內容

  • even if I don't understand every single word, and that's a big help for comprehension,

    即使我讀不懂每一個字,這對於理解內容而言是很大的幫助

  • and for building vocabulary.

    對於建立詞彙量來說也是

  • And another important thing to remember is that shorter books are usually better.

    另外一個重點就是,短一點的故事通常比較適合

  • You'll be more motivated when you see yourself progressing really quickly through the book.

    當你發現你進展得很快時,就會比較有動力

  • And then you can go back and read it again, or you can move on to the next one,

    然後你還可以重讀,或是換下一本

  • and this is a big motivating factor.

    這可以推進你繼續下去

  • And the last step in finding the book that's right for you is where you're gonna get it.

    最後找到適合你的書的步驟,就是你能從哪裡取得書籍

  • I find Ebay to be the best place for getting used books because they're really cheap.

    我發現 Ebay 是找二手書最好的地方,因為它們真的很便宜

  • I usually use Wikipedia to find the name of that book in the foreign language.

    我通常用維基百科查找書籍的外語書名

  • Then I go to Ebay and find the book.

    然後去 Ebay 找這本書

  • And they can get shipped right to your door.

    它們能夠直接宅配到你家門口

  • And you can't always go to the book store and find the book that you're looking for in the foreign language unless you live in that country,

    因為除非你就在那個國家,不然你到實體書店也不見得能找到那本外語書

  • but on Ebay you can get pretty much any book in any language.

    但在 Ebay ,你能夠找到幾乎任何語言的任何書籍

  • The second step in using books to learn a foreign language is

    透過閱讀外語書學習外語的第二步驟就是

  • you're just going to start reading purely for enjoyment, just because you like reading.

    你要先為了樂趣而閱讀,就因為你喜愛閱讀這件事

  • And because it's a story that's interesting to you.

    也因為這是你喜歡的故事

  • Then you're going to get yourself a colored highlighter.

    然後你要拿出一支螢光筆

  • And every time you run into a word during the story that you don't understand,

    每次讀到書中你不懂的字時

  • you're gonna highlight that word.

    就把它畫起來

  • It's very important that you do not stop to look up the meaning of that word.

    很重要的一點,不要停下來查字典

  • All you're going to do is highlight it.

    你只需要先把它註記起來

  • That way you can come back later to look up the definition,

    這樣你等會兒就能回頭查它的意思,

  • but you're not gonna stop and take the time to do it while you're reading.

    但不要在閱讀期間停下來做這件事

  • You don't want to break the flow of your reading.

    你不會想打斷你的閱讀進展

  • And this is a really important exercise

    這也是一個很好的練習,

  • that's gonna help you be comfortable with not understanding 100% of what you read.

    幫助你習慣不用讀懂 100% 的內容

  • I mean you have to get comfortable with that because you're not always gonna understand everything.

    我的意思是你必須習慣這件事,因為你不是每次都能讀懂所有內容

  • And try to just highlight one or two words per page maximum,

    試著每一頁最多就畫一兩個字,

  • and preferably one word every two to three pages.

    最好是每兩到三頁才畫一個字

  • You don't want to underline or highlight every single word you don't understand.

    你不會想要把你讀不懂的每個字畫起來

  • That's gonna take too long, and you're gonna get overwhelmed.

    那樣太費時了,而且你會頭昏腦脹

  • Once you finish reading through the book one time just for enjoyment,

    等你享受地讀完整本書之後

  • we're gonna make a dictionary that is specific to you and to the book that you're reading.

    我們要自製專門針對自己還有這本書的詞典

  • You're gonna get an index card, and then you're gonna make a glossary

    你要做一張索引卡,在裡面列下詞彙

  • that you tape right to the front of the book

    並貼在書的前面幾頁

  • so that it's always there for you to reference every time you read the book from now on.

    這樣你之後再次閱讀的時候,有需要就能夠馬上查閱

  • So to do this, you're just gonna flip through the book,

    製作索引卡第一步,你要先翻過書本,

  • you're gonna find every word that you've highlighted.

    看看每一個你畫起來的詞彙

  • Then you're gonna go to wordreference.com or whatever website or app

    接著你可以去 wordreference.com 或是任何你喜歡用的網站、應用程式

  • that is you prefer to use for translating words.

    讓你找到這些字的意思

  • You're gonna look up the highlighted words

    把畫記的字查好

  • and then you're just gonna write them on the index card along with their definition.

    然後把單字跟意思一起抄寫到索引卡裡面

  • Then you just tape it right to the front of the book,

    接著就直接貼到書的前面

  • and you'll always have this here as a reference every time you read through the book from now on.

    這樣你以後閱讀,就可以隨時查閱它的意思了

  • And the final step for learning a new language with books is you're just gonna repeat steps two and three.

    用書本學習外語的最後步驟就是你要重複這個流程兩到三次

  • But, this time you have a quick reference to go to

    不同的是你這一次有了快速索引

  • Every time you run into a word you're not familiar with.

    每次看到不熟的字

  • And every time you get to a new word,

    或每一次你遇到新字時,

  • you're gonna remember that this is a word you're trying to memorize.

    你要告訴自己試著把它記起來

  • Now, don't go immediately to the dictionary that you taped to the cover of the book.

    不過呢,別馬上翻到你的索引卡辭典

  • What you're gonna do is use this as a sort of mini quiz that you can use to test yourself

    你現在要做的,是把這個當做一個小小測驗

  • and see if you can remember that word.

    看看你能不能把字記住

  • These few seconds where you're actually exerting yourself, trying to remember the meaning,

    你在努力回想這個字時度過的這短短幾秒

  • it's proven that this short period of time is actually very beneficial in helping you remember that word in the future.

    已被證實對你未來記憶詞彙時會大有幫助

  • So you're gonna take a minute and try to remember the word and if you absolutely can't,

    所以你必須花點時間,試著把字義想起來,如果還是不行的話

  • then you flip to the beginning of the book, and that's when you look at your dictionary.

    那你再翻到索引卡去看辭典

  • And of course, as you read through the second time, you're gonna get yourself a different color highlighter,

    而當你第二次閱讀時,應該使用不同顏色的螢光筆

  • and when you're done with the book, you're gonna make yourself a second dictionary that you'll also tape to the cover.

    讀完後,再做第二份詞彙表,同樣貼到書的前方

  • Read through this book three or four times,

    照這樣的方式讀個三、四遍,

  • and you should be able to understand every single word in the entire book.

    你應該就能夠讀懂書中的每一個字

  • And if you think about it, this book took me several months to read,

    回頭想想,這本書花了我幾個月的時間閱讀

  • and there's a lot of words in here.

    裡面有很多詞彙

  • And I'm able to understand all of them now because I use this method.

    多虧這個方法,我現在能夠了解裡面所有的詞彙

  • So thanks a ton for watching my video.

    謝謝你們觀賞我的影片

  • If you have any questions, comments, concerns, or any suggestions for the other language learners on this channel,

    如果你有任何問題、評論、疑問,或是任何給這個頻道的其他語言學習者的建議

  • please feel free to leave me a comment below.

    歡迎在底下留言

  • Otherwise, be sure to like and subscribe, and thanks for watching my video.

    還有請按讃訂閱這個頻道,謝謝你們收看我的影片

  • We'll see you guys next monday.

    大家下週一見!

The famous linguist Stephen Krashen published a book called Free voluntary reading.

知名語言學家 Stephen Krashen 寫了一本書叫做「自主閱讀」

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

A2 初級 中文 美國腔 閱讀 外語 學習 詞彙 步驟 語言

簡單四步驟,用最愛的小說學習語言! (4 steps to learning a language with books)

  • 47745 2902
    April Lu   發佈於 2018 年 06 月 15 日
影片單字