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  • Today I'm going to talk about the difference between can and can't. How to hear it, how

    今天要跟大家討論的是「Can」和「Can’t」之間的差異。在聽力上該如何分辨?在口說上又該如何分辨?

  • to say it. You've probably noticed that you cannot rely on hearing -- tt -- a good T sound

    你也許已經注意到了,沒辦法靠尾音的-tt-去分辨

  • because most Americans when they're speaking everyday speech --tt -- don't release final

    因為大部份的美國人每天在說的時候,尾音的-tt-都沒有被發音出來

  • T's. First of all, if you haven't seen the video N'T contractions, watch that first.

    首先,如果你還沒看過「N’T 縮寫」的教學影片,先去看一下

  • In that video, you learned that the N'T is pronounced nt. A nasal N sound here in the

    在那個影片裡面,你可以學到「N’T」 是被發音成「nt」的。鼻音「N」在這裡聽起來

  • nose cut very short byt a stop T. So let's compare the two words. Can. Can't. Can, can't.

    像是在鼻腔裡被阻斷成一個很短促的音。所以讓我們來比較這兩個字:「Can.」、「Can't.」、「Can.」、「Can't.」

  • What do you hear being different? Let's not even limit ourselves to just the sounds, but

    要怎麼聽出其中的差異?我們不要只侷限在這兩個字的聲音上。

  • anything. Can, can't. Can you tell that the first word is longer? The stop T of can't

    「Can」、「Can’t」。你可以聽出來「Can」的音拉得比較長嗎?「can’t」的「T」

  • chops it, makes it a little more abrupt. Can, can't. This may be something that is difficult

    阻絕了發音,聽起來有點像是聲音突然斷掉了。「can」、「can’t」,也許對你來說

  • for you to distinguish right now. But if you know to listen for can: a little bit longer,

    現在要分辨其中差異很難。但如果你知道要聽出「can」的音是拉得比較長,

  • a little smoother, versus can't, can't: a little shorter, a little bit more abrupt,

    稍微滑順的,相比起來,「can’t」的發音比較短促,也有些嘎然而止的感覺

  • it may help you develop an ear for this. A note on the pronunciation of the word can.

    有一個可以幫你訓練出能夠辨別其中差異的方法。注意「can」這個字發音的音符

  • You've probably noticed that this word often reduces. The 'aa' as in 'bat' vowel is changed

    你大概已經注意到了,「can」這個字經常簡化,跟「bat」一樣的母音-aa-改變了,

  • to the schwa. Kn, kn, kn, I can do it, kn. The word can't does not reduce. That vowel

    變成懶人音/Ə/。「kn」( /kən/ )、「kn」、「kn」。「I can do it.」發音成「kn」。當我們說「can't」的時候卻不會簡化,它的母音

  • sound never changes into the schwa sound. So that's another way to help you distinguish

    聽起來永遠都不會變成懶人音/Ə/的聲音。所以,這是幫助你辨別

  • between these two words. Let's look at some sentences. I can understand. I can't understand.

    這兩個字差異的另一種方法。讓我們研究一下其他句子。「I can understand.」和「I can't understand.」

  • Could you hear the difference? I can understand. I can't understand. Can, can't, can, can't.

    你可以聽出來有什麼不一樣嗎?「I can understand.」「I can't understand.」,「can」、「can’t」、「can」、「can’t」,

  • The vowel sound is different because in the first sentence it's being reduced to the schwa.

    母音聽起來是不一樣的,因為第一句的母音已經被簡化成懶人音/Ə/了

  • And here. Can you help later? I can't. I can. I can't. I can. Do you sense that the first

    還有這裡,「Can you help later?」「I can't.」、「I can.」、「I can't.」、「I can.」你有沒有感覺到第一個回答

  • response is a little bit more abrupt? I can't, I can't. And the second one a little bit more

    結束得比較急促?「I can't.」、「I can't.」,而第二個回答,相對起來就比較輕鬆自然

  • relaxed. Can, can, can, a little smoother. That one might have been a little harder because

    「can」、「can」、「can」 比較柔滑一點。這個方法也許有點難,因為

  • the vowel didn't change. I told her I can't. I told her I can. Again, the vowel is the

    母音沒有變。「I told her I can't.」和「I told her I can.」兩句話「can’t」和「can」的母音

  • same in both of them. I told her I can't. I told her I can. But do you notice that the

    都是一樣的。「I told her I can't.」和「I told her I can.」但是你有注意到嗎?

  • last can, can: a little smoother and a little bit longer. I told her I can't.

    最後面的「can」聽起來比較柔滑,也比較長。「I told her I can't.」

  • More abrupt in that first sentence. You can come. You can't come. You can come. You can't

    第一個句子聽起來段的比較急促。「You can come.」和「You can't come.」,「You can come.」和「You can't come.」

  • come. In the first sentence the word can is reduced so much -- kn, kn, kn, kn -- You can

    第一句的「can」的母音簡化成子音「 kn」( /kən/ )、「 kn」、「 kn」、「 kn」,「You can come.」

  • come. It's almost not even there. You can come. You can't come. So the two tricks here

    的母音-aa-幾乎聽不出來,「You can come.」、「You can't come.」。所以,這裡提供了兩個分辨的訣竅:

  • are: 1) If the sound is abrupt and chopped, can't, can't, then it's the word can't. And

    1) 如果聲音結束得很急促,像是突然斷掉,「can’t」、「can't」,那就是「can't」

  • 2) if the vowel sound changes to the schwa, then it's the word can. Kn, kn, I can do it.

    2) 如果母音聽起來變成懶人音/Ə/了,那就是「can」。「kn」( /kən/ )、「kn」。「I can do it.」

  • That's it, and thanks so much for using Rachel's English.

    就是這樣了,非常感謝大家收看「Rachel's English」的教學視頻

Today I'm going to talk about the difference between can and can't. How to hear it, how

今天要跟大家討論的是「Can」和「Can’t」之間的差異。在聽力上該如何分辨?在口說上又該如何分辨?

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 母音 懶人音 比較 分辨 急促 差異

Can 和 Can't 到底該怎麼發音才夠標準?(How to Pronounce Can vs. Can't -- American English Accent)

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    ABbla Chung   發佈於 2014 年 05 月 30 日
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