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  • CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: On the anniversary of Hawaii`s statehood, we say aloha, and welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

  • My name is Carl Azuz, and during the next 10 minutes, we`ve got dolphins, spiders and dogs.

  • But first, we`re following up on a situation in Northern Africa.

  • We`ve been talking about the violence in Egypt recently, fighting between security forces and protesters has led to hundreds of deaths.

  • The protesters are supporters of former President Mohammed Morsy and his Muslim Brotherhood Party.

  • The Egyptian government has been arresting members of the Muslim Brotherhood.

  • Around 100 of them were taken into custody yesterday.

  • That includes Mohammed Badie, the group`s spiritual leader.

  • There`s been some talk about how other countries might be able to influence what`s happening in Egypt, countries like the U.S.

  • Egypt and the U.S. are allies.

  • Part of that relationship involves military aid.

  • The U.S. gives Egypt around $1.2 billion in aid,

  • but it does not give the money directly to Egypt.

  • The money goes into U.S. Federal Reserve, and the Fed turns around and gives it to U.S. companies that build weapons and parts for Egypt.

  • There`s talk of U.S. stopping that aid to try to reduce the violence in Egypt.

  • Some experts argue that a change like that wouldn`t really have much of an impact.

  • Heading over to the U.S. now, where emergency crews in Idaho have spent two weeks trying to get a fire under control.

  • Idaho, not the only state dealing with this kind of severe weather right now.

  • You can see the different spots on this map where wildfires are burning.

  • Areas in pink are where the conditions could cause new fires to spread.

  • Idaho is dealing with some of the worst of this,

  • and some people are trying creative ways to fight back, like snow making guns.

  • They`d normally be used to make more powder for the slopes;

  • now they are being drafted into the fight against fires.

  • Dan Simon has more on the efforts to get these flames under control.

  • DAN SIMON, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Fire continuing to ravage one of the country`s most scenic spots.

  • A drive through the mountains, and you can understand why many celebrities like Tom Hanks, Arnold Schwarzenegger,

  • and Bruce Willis choose this area to build multi-million dollar vacation homes.

  • And why some insurance companies call in their own firefighters to help prevent a calamity.

  • But as a Red Cross official told me-

  • NICOLE IRWIN, AMERICAN RED CROSS: Many people think this is an affluent area, and it is,

  • but there are many people who are affected by this that are from different socioeconomic backgrounds,

  • and that is who`s staying with us.

  • SIMON: Staying in a shelter like this high school, where we met Orlanda Cabrito.

  • ORLANDA CABRITO, EVACUEE: I think just not knowing, I think the outcome of whether we`re going to be able to go home or if we`re going to have a home.

  • I think that is the most nerve-wracking.

  • SIMON: The Beaver Creek fire is a true beast, spreading across an area larger than the city of Denver.

  • Surrounded by bone-dry trees and brush, it`s clear this fire could keep burning for a very long time.

  • The key is to keep the flames away from homes,

  • but the wind has a way of pushing the fire in different directions.

  • BETH LUND, FIRE INCIDENT COMMANDER: We have plenty of resources right now,

  • and it`s just a matter of having people in the right place at the right time,

  • which I believe we do at this point in time.

  • It`s just a lot of work to go ahead and get this thing contained.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: See if you can ID me.

  • I am an Asian country that has one of the world`s largest populations.

  • I am located between India and Afghanistan.

  • My capital city is Islamabad.

  • I am Pakistan, and my current president took office in 2008.

  • AZUZ: The previous president, Pervez Musharraf, controlled Pakistan`s government for nearly nine years.

  • Now he`s facing criminal charges over something that happened while he was in office.

  • Pakistan`s government is a federal republic.

  • That means voters elect their government representatives,

  • but the military has a lot of power in Pakistan.

  • Musharraf was the head of the Pakistani army in 1999.

  • He led a coup, a military takeover of the country`s government.

  • He was president until 2008, when he resigned.

  • The charges he`s facing now are connected to a different Pakistani leader.

  • Benazir Bhutto was Pakistan`s first female prime minister.

  • She served two separate terms in that office.

  • She left Pakistan after her second term,

  • but in 2007, she came back to run for office again.

  • In December of that year, Bhutto was assassinated,

  • and Pervez Musharraf is being charged in connection with her death.

  • Murder. Criminal conspiracy to murder, and facilitation of murder.

  • Musharraf denies any involvement in Benazir Bhutto`s death,

  • but he was indicted on those charges in court this week.

  • This is the first time an ex-military leader has ever been indicted with a crime in Pakistan.

  • Pervez Musharraf is currently under house arrest.

  • Roll call, who`s watching CNN STUDENT NEWS today?

  • Let`s head to the map and check out the roll call.

  • First up, Pueblo, Colorado, home of the Cornerstone Cougars at Cornerstone Learning Academy.

  • Next up, the North Bullitt Eagles.

  • They`re watching in Shepherdsville (ph), Kentucky, thank you.

  • And we`re rolling right along to call out the Oroville High School Tigers in Oroville, California.

  • Teachers, if you want to get in the roll call running, the details are at cnnstudentnews.com.

  • UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s time for the shoutout.

  • What is the only NFL team to achieve an undefeated season?

  • If you think you know it, then shout it out.

  • Is it the 49ers, Dolphins, Cowboys or Patriots?

  • You`ve got 3 seconds, go.

  • The 1972 Miami Dolphins were the only team to finish the perfect season with a Super Bowl win.

  • That`s your answer and that is your shoutout.

  • AZUZ: It`s now a sort of American tradition.

  • The team that wins the Super Bowl gets to visit the White House.

  • But it wasn`t a tradition back in 1972,

  • when the Miami Dolphins became and remain the only NFL team to go undefeated.

  • For the past 15 years, a former Dolphins tightend has been pushing to get his team presidential recognition.

  • He saw other Super Bowl winners visiting with presidents;

  • he thought why not his own team.

  • Four decades later, most of the 1972 championship team made their White House visit.

  • BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: In 1972, these guys were a juggernaut.

  • They had a grinding running game that wore opponents down.

  • They became the first team ever with 2000-yard rushes.

  • They had the league`s best offense, they had the league`s best defense.

  • AZUZ: Next story today, smartphones.

  • Smart boards, smart homes, smart spider webs?

  • It`s not an upgrade.

  • It`s something that some of the world`s infamous arachnids might have had all along.

  • A researcher noticed that his daughter`s toy magic wand actually attracted spiderwebs, meaning the webs kind of reached out toward it.

  • So he set out to find out what else could attract them.

  • AZUZ: There is a reason spiders get a bad rap.

  • If the creepy-crawly factor doesn`t bug you, there`s the whole catch, bundle, poison and eat thing that just turns a lot folks off.

  • Of course, there is the popular type that scurries around New York, catching criminals in a web of justice.

  • But the real thing is far less likable, and some researchers think they found another weapon up a spider`s eight sleeves.

  • It`s in the webs themselves.

  • Yes, they`re sticky, they are intricate, they are hard for unsuspecting insects to see.

  • But according to a recent study, their threads might take an active role in insects` capture.

  • Not just hanging out, but actually arching out toward potential prey.

  • A finding by two scientists at UC Berkeley described how this could work.

  • An unsuspecting bee is flying near a spiderweb.

  • He`s got a small electrical charge caused by his wings beating in the air.

  • The threads of the web may respond to this charge,

  • moving in such a way that brings them a little closer to the bee,

  • possibly increasing the chances the bee will be caught.

  • Now, we`re not talking about a huge distance for the web.

  • It may move just a millimeter or two.

  • It`s not lashing out like a frog`s tongue at a passing fly.

  • And it`s not known yet if this is true for all spiderwebs.

  • This study was done in the web of a common garden spider.

  • But just the idea that spiderwebs may be an even stickier menace than previously thought has caught a lot of scientists in a web of excitement.

  • AZUZ: Teachers, you want resources, we`ve got resources.

  • Now we have them all in one place.

  • At cnnstudentnews.com, click on the teaching tools bin.

  • That is where you`ll find our daily show transcript,

  • maps related to stories in the show,

  • and our daily curriculum featuring the media literacy question of the day.

  • It`s all there, it`s all free.

  • Cnnstudentnews.com, teachers, you`re going to love it.

  • Previous story took you to the White House.

  • We`re going back there now for a look at the newest dog on the block.

  • It`s Sonny, the latest addition to the first family.

  • Bo walked onto the scene in 2009 after President Obama promised to give his daughters a new pet if he was elected.

  • Now Bo has a canine companion.

  • He`ll probably show her the ropes and leave Sonny with a chance to learn what it`s like to be the top dog.

  • Might just make it his own pet project.

  • So will the dogs get along?

  • The outlook certainly seems sunny, but only time will tail.

  • I just hope the first pets don`t ignore each other, because that would be an impoochable (ph) offense.

  • We told you yesterday we`d fetch some more puns for today; doggone it, that is exactly what we did.

  • I`m Carl Azuz. Have a great rest of the day.

  • END

CARL AZUZ, CNN ANCHOR: On the anniversary of Hawaii`s statehood, we say aloha, and welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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August 21, 2013 - CNN Student News with subtitles

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