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  • Democratic Education is based on the belief

    民主教育的基礎建立在

  • that children themselves know best what is good for them.

    我們相信

  • The job of a school is to provide a democratic structure

    孩子才是最清楚

  • in which kids can discover their interests

    自己想要的 是什麼的人

  • and learn how to live in a community that solves conflicts together.

    學校的工作

  • The ideal: to grow up in absence of fear and to become responsible,

    是提供一個民主的環境

  • empathic and self-determined citizens.

    讓孩子去探索自己的興趣和愛好

  • The idea is not new.

    並且學習

  • In 1693 the philosopher John Locke wrote that

    如何在一個共同解決衝突的群體裡生活

  • "things children learn, should never be a burden to them."

    這樣的理想

  • Some 200 years later

    是讓孩子在沒有恐懼的環境裡

  • the writer Leo Tolstoy opened a school for peasant children on his estate in Russia.

    長成有責任心

  • The school evolved from ideas introduced by teachers and pupils.

    有同理心

  • One of the principles was that the students had the right to not listen to the teacher.

    並且有自我決策能力的公民

  • The first democratic school that still exists, is Summerhill in Suffolk, England.

    這樣的教育理念 由來已久

  • It was founded in 1921 by A.S. Neill

    早在1693年

  • who believed that a school should be made for the child, rather than the other way around.

    哲學家 約翰 · 洛克 就曾寫下這麼一段話

  • Class attendance is voluntary.

    “學習的過程, 不應該成為孩子的負擔”

  • Some children may spend weeks in the woods or do nothing all day,

    大約過兩百年後

  • while others choose to learn math or try out reading class.

    俄國作家托爾斯泰

  • When they grow older many turn to traditional subjects with full focus

    在他自己的土地上

  • when they realise that they need them for college entrance exams.

    為社會最底層家庭的孩子開設了一間學校

  • At weekly school meetings, staff and students gather to solve conflicts.

    這間學校

  • Once a conflict is brought to the meeting,

    完全依照學生與老師的想法 發展成形

  • everybody in the school can speak up, mediate or come up with a solution.

    其中一個原則就是

  • After the conflict was discussed and democratically processed,

    學生有權利不聽老師的話

  • harsh feelings are often buried and staff and students leave peacefully.

    早期開設的民主教育學校裡

  • The meetings are also used to work on the school regulations

    依然健在的

  • and anybody can make a proposal for a change of the rules.

    就是英國的夏山學校

  • If one student requests a change,

    在1921年 由亞歷山大 · 尼爾創立

  • members discuss and then decide by popular vote whether the new idea will be implemented.

    他相信

  • Sometimes the kids may vote for the abolishment of all rules.

    學校應該被設計來滿足孩子的需求

  • But after a few days of total chaos,

    要不要進教室上課 由學生自己決定

  • students usually use the same democratic process to re-implement order.

    有些夏山的孩子成天待在樹林裡玩耍

  • Almost as if they all naturally seek structure.

    或整天無所事事

  • In the 1960s young educators from all over

    在此同時

  • took inspiration from Summerhill and opened so calledfree schools”.

    其他的孩子可能自主選擇去上數學或是閱讀課

  • One was the Sudbury Valley School which was founded in Massachusetts, United States.

    但當他們大一點之後

  • Sudbury took the ideals of a democratic education even further.

    發現想要參加大學入學考試

  • Once a year the school meeting is used to re-elect teachers and principals.

    他們也可以認真拿起書本來研讀一般的學科

  • Those that don’t receive majority vote will be replaced.

    夏山每週一次的全校會議

  • Today there are many independent Sudbury and other democratic schools

    是教職員與學生一起開會解決衝突的時候

  • all over the world spanning from Brazil to Israel to Thailand.

    當一個問題被提出來之後

  • Using different structures,

    每個人都可以表達意見

  • they all promote the idea that students and teachers should have an equal say in what to learn

    從中斡旋

  • and how to work with each other.

    或提出解決的辦法

  • The goal is to give children a deep sense for equality and justice.

    當問題以民主的方式討論與解決之後

  • Albert Einstein famously said: “The only thing that interferes with my learning is my education”.

    當事人心裡就不會再有疙瘩

  • What do you think,

    而大家又可以和平的生活在一起

  • would a democratic education work for you?

    這個會議也被用來制定校規

  • Please share your thoughts in the comments below!

    而且每個人都可以提出更改校規的意見

Democratic Education is based on the belief

民主教育的基礎建立在

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民主學校教育 (Democratic School Education)

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    耀梅林 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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