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  • Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel

    各位觀眾朋友大家好,歡迎回到我的頻道

  • and lovely greetings from the Airbus A320 simulator

    我現在人在德國埃森的TFC訓練中心

  • at the TFC Flight Training Centre here in Essen, Germany.

    的A320模擬機裡面跟大家問好

  • This is another Airbus introduction video

    這次又是一部關於空中巴士的介紹影片

  • and I'll be giving you a basic explanation of the A320 fire protection system.

    我接下來會簡單介紹一下A320的火警偵測及滅火系統

  • So let's get started!

    讓我們開始吧!

  • The aircraft fire protection system consists of a fire and overheat detection

    飛機上的防火系統包含在每顆引擎和APU上的

  • and extinguishing system for both engines and the APU.

    起火、過熱探測和滅火系統

  • Besides that, there is a smoke detection and extinguishing system

    除此之外在貨艙和廁所裡

  • in the cargo compartments and the lavatories.

    也有煙霧偵測和滅火系統

  • Plus, a smoke detector in the avionic bay

    再加上航電設備艙裡的煙霧偵測器

  • and portable fire extinguishers for the cockpit and the cabin crew.

    和駕駛艙和機組員用的手提式滅火器

  • So let's take a closer look at the fire extinguisher

    接下來讓我們來仔細瞧瞧

  • and detection system in the engines and APU.

    引擎和APU的滅火及偵測系統

  • Now each engine has two extinguisher bottles,

    每顆引擎都有兩瓶滅火瓶

  • which electrically operate squibs to discharge their contents

    藉由電路引爆裝置釋放內容物

  • and so does the APU, except that with only one,

    APU也一模一樣,只是只有一瓶

  • has one extinguisher bottle.

    飛行員可以透過頂部面板的

  • And the pilots control and discharge both systems

    "引擎與APU火警面板"控制並釋放滅火器

  • with the engine and APU fire panel on the overhead panel.

    這兩套系統都有"起火與過熱偵測系統"

  • So both systems have a fire and overheat detection system

    包含兩套平行且完全相同的的A和B迴路

  • consisting of two identical fire detection loops, A and B,

    安裝在火警偵測單元(FDU)上

  • mounted in parallel and a fire detection unit, a FDU.

    每顆引擎的迴路有3~4個偵測元件

  • The loops consists of three to four sensing elements for each engine.

    一個在派龍短艙

  • One in the pylon nacelle,

    一個在引擎核心

  • one in the engine core,

    另一個在扇葉區

  • and one in the fan section.

    在APU艙還有一個的獨立的偵測單元

  • And one independent sensing unit in the APU compartment.

    那麼火警警示甚麼時候會啟動?

  • So when is the fire warning triggered?

    當任何迴路上的偵測器受到高溫

  • When any sensor on the loop is subject to heat,

    就會發送訊號給火警偵測單元

  • it sends a signal to the fire detection unit

    然後發出警訊[火警警鈴聲]

  • and then triggers the warning. [aural fire warning sounds]

    或者當迴路A和B偵測到

  • Or as soon as loop A and B

    溫度高達一個預定值的時後,警示系統也會啟動

  • detect a temperature at a preset level, the warning system is triggered.

    如果兩個迴路在五秒內相繼壞掉

  • If both loops should break within five seconds,

    系統預設判斷是火焰造成的

  • the system expects that both loops got damaged by flames

    然後也會啟動警告系統

  • and also triggers the warning system.

    為了防止一套系統壞掉

  • In case of one faulty loop,

    另一套好的就會接手繼續保護飛機

  • the other operative one takes over and still protects the aircraft.

    除此之外

  • Other than that,

    如果飛機在地面時偵測到APU起火

  • if the system detects an APU fire while the aircraft is on the ground,

    系統會自動關閉APU然後擊發滅火器

  • it shuts down the APU automatically and discharges the extinguishing agent.

    OK接下來來看看在頂部面板

  • Okay, let's take close look at the fire switches

    上半部的火警開關

  • on the upper level of the overhead panel.

    按壓按鈕正常情況下是"壓下"的

  • The push button's normal position is IN and guarded by this red frame.

    上面有一個紅色的框形保護裝置保護住按鈕

  • [aural fire warning sounds] Once a fire warning is triggered,

    [警鈴聲]一旦火警警示啟動

  • the pilot opens the guard and pushes the button.

    飛行員打開保護裝置然後按下按鈕

  • And as it pops out, it sends a electrical signal

    按鈕會彈起來並發送電子訊號

  • that performs the following for the corresponding engine.

    給對應的引擎並開始一系列的動作

  • First of all, it silenced the aural fire warning,

    首先會停止火警警鈴聲

  • arms the fire extinguisher squibs,

    使滅火瓶爆擊裝置待命

  • closes the low pressure fuel valve,

    關閉低壓燃料閥

  • closes the hydraulic fire shutoff valve,

    關閉液壓火警隔離閥

  • closes the engine bleed valve,

    關閉引擎供氣閥

  • closes the pack flow control valve,

    關閉空調控制閥

  • cuts off the FADEC power supply and deactivates the IDG,

    關閉"全權數位引擎控制"(FADEC )的動力供給

  • the integrated drive unit driving the generator.

    並且解除IDG

  • Next to fire push button are the two agent push buttons.

    也就是集合驅動單元所驅動的發電機

  • So both buttons become active when the flight crew

    在火警按鈕旁邊有兩顆作動按鈕

  • presses the engine fire push button for the affected engine

    當飛行員按下起火的引擎的火警按鈕後

  • and a squib light comes up in white,

    這兩顆按鈕就會待命

  • helping the flight computer identify which agent is now ready to be discharged.

    上面會亮起白色的"爆擊裝置(squib)"字樣

  • A brief push on the button discharges the corresponding fire extinguisher

    讓飛行電腦辨識哪一個裝置準備好擊發

  • and DISCH lights up amber when the fire extinguisher bottle

    簡單地按一下按鈕會擊發對應的滅火瓶

  • is entirely empty, measured by its bottled pressure.

    當滅火瓶的壓力表示瓶內已經完全空了

  • And then you have the TEST push button.

    黃色的"釋放(DISCH )"燈號就會亮起

  • This button permits the flight crew

    另外還有一顆測試按鈕

  • to test the operation of the fire detection

    這顆按鈕讓組員能夠

  • and extinguishing system before each flight of the day.

    在每次飛行前測試火警偵測及

  • When the flight crew presses it,

    滅火系統是否正常運作

  • a continuous repetitive chime sounds,

    在機組人員按下按鈕之後

  • the master warning lights starts flashing,

    會響起持續的重複鈴響、

  • the engine fire warning appears on the lower ECAM,

    主警示燈開始閃爍、

  • and now on the engine panel of the pedestal,

    電子中央飛機監視系統(ECAM)下面出現引擎火警警示

  • the fire lights come on red.

    最後在中央操控台的引擎面板上

  • To perform this test correctly you check that all necessary lights come on,

    亮起紅色的"FIRE"

  • the procedure is shown on the ECAM, and that you cancel the aural warning

    一套正確的檢查

  • by pressing the master warning push button.

    你需要檢查所有的重要燈號有沒有亮

  • And the same procedure applies as you press the APU fire TEST button.

    正確的程序有沒有顯示在ECAM上

  • Now in case of an APU fire,

    最後再按下主警示按鈕來關掉警鈴聲

  • the pilot opens the guard and presses the APU push button.

    同樣的程序也適用在APU的火警測試按鈕

  • And by the way, that's not the only way

    萬一APU起火了

  • you can shut off the APU in case of a fire on ground.

    飛行員打開保護然後按下APU的火警按鈕

  • There's an external APU panel below the cockpit

    順道一提當飛機在地面時

  • near the ground power supply connector.

    這不是唯一能關閉APU防止起火的方法

  • In case of a fire, a warning sound can be heard

    在駕駛艙下方有一個外部的APU面板

  • and the ground personnel can discharge

    就在地面電源接頭附近

  • the extinguisher bottle from below by pressing this button.

    萬一起火,警鈴會響起

  • So that was it for today.

    地勤人員可以從下面按這顆按鈕

  • I hope you enjoyed this basic introduction video

    來釋放滅火瓶

  • on the Airbus fire protection system

    以上是今天的內容

  • and make sure to watch the upcoming videos on Airbus A320 System Knowledge.

    希望你會喜歡這個簡單介紹

  • Make sure to perform a "touch and go" at my Instagram account,

    空中巴士火警偵測及滅火系統的影片

  • the link is in the description below.

    記得收看接下來關於A320其他系統的影片

  • And don't forget to hit the subscribe button

    記得去我的Instagram"觸地"一下

  • so you won't miss out any upcoming videos.

    連結就在下方資訊欄

  • Big thank you for the support by TFC,

    記得別忘了按下訂閱

  • providing me with this great flight simulator.

    這樣你就不會錯過我的接下來新影片

  • Make sure to check out their website

    非常感謝TFC的贊助

  • for more details about their flight school, programs and training.

    提供給我這台很棒的飛行模擬器

  • And see you next week. All the best, your Captain Joe.

    如果想知道更多關於他們的飛行學校的細節

Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel

各位觀眾朋友大家好,歡迎回到我的頻道

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空中客車防火系統!!!AIRBUS SYTEM KNOWLEDGE由Joe機長講解。 (Airbus FIRE PROTECTION system!!! AIRBUS SYTEM KNOWLEDGE explained by Captain Joe)

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    林崇文 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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