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  • Hello, I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

    你好,我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!

  • Asking questions and giving answers are the basics of great conversation,

    提出問題和給出答案是精彩對話的基本功。

  • in English and in any language!

    用英語和任何語言!

  • But, are you doing it correctly in English?

    但是,你的英語做得對嗎?

  • Many of my students can get by, they can get their message across

    我的很多學生都能過關,他們能把自己的資訊傳達給別人。

  • even without the correct structure word order or intonation

    詞不達意

  • But, it makes for a very bumpy awkward conversation!

    但是,這讓我們的談話變得非常坎坷尷尬!

  • In this lesson, I want to help you improve the structure of your questions,

    在這節課上,我想幫助大家改善一下問題的結構。

  • so that they flow smoothly, clearly, and automatically!

    使其流暢、清晰、自動地流動起來!

  • And finally you can start enjoying English conversation!

    你終於可以開始享受英語對話了!

  • It's important to spend some time improving your Q&A skills!

    花點時間提高自己的答疑技巧很重要!

  • Have you heard that before? Q&A

    你聽說過嗎?問答

  • It stands for question and answers.

    它代表著問題和答案。

  • You might have heard it somewhere before, Q&A.

    你可能在哪裡聽過,問答。

  • First up, let's review question structure in English.

    首先,我們來複習一下英語的問題結構。

  • Now, the good news is that English questions are fairly consistent

    現在,好消息是,英語題型相當一致了

  • and easy to follow because they have a clear structure.

    而且因為結構清晰,所以容易上手。

  • There are four main parts that you need to keep in mind.

    你需要記住的主要有四個部分。

  • The first part: question words.

    第一部分:疑問詞。

  • Then number two is your auxiliary verb

    那麼第二條就是你的助動詞

  • or your helping verb: be, do or have.

    或你的助動詞:be、do或have。

  • It can also be a modal auxiliary verb like can or will or should.

    它也可以是一個情態助動詞,如can或will或should。

  • Thirdly, you need your subject.

    第三,你需要你的主體。

  • I, you, we, etc.

    我、你、我們等。

  • And your main verb, any verb!

    還有你的主動詞,任何動詞!

  • These are the four things that you need

    這四樣東西是你需要的

  • and you need them in that order, every time!

    你需要他們按照這個順序,每時候!

  • Okay let's try with some examples, ready?

    好吧,我們用一些例子來試試,準備好了嗎?

  • question word,

    疑問詞。

  • auxiliary,

    輔佐。

  • subject,

    主題:

  • main verb!

    主動詞

  • What do you like about it?

    你喜歡它的什麼?

  • question word,

    疑問詞。

  • auxiliary,

    輔佐。

  • subject,

    主題:

  • main verb!

    主動詞

  • How long have you been living there?

    你在那裡住了多久了?

  • question phrase,

    問句。

  • auxiliary verb,

    助動詞。

  • subject,

    主題:

  • main verb!

    主動詞

  • Okay, so what about this type of question?

    好吧,那麼這種類型的問題呢?

  • Do you live in England?

    你住在英國嗎?

  • In this question we don't have a

    在這個問題上,我們沒有一個

  • question word but we do have all of the other parts of the English question structure.

    問題詞,但我們有所有的英語題型結構的其他部分。

  • We don't have the question word but we do have the auxiliary verb (do),

    我們沒有疑問詞,但我們有助動詞(do)。

  • the subject (you) and the main verb (live).

    主語和主語動詞在一起(現場)。

  • It's as simple as that, every time!

    就這麼簡單,每次都是這樣!

  • This type of question is perfectly acceptable too.

    這種問題也完全可以接受。

  • You don't need to have a question word.

    你不需要有一個疑問詞。

  • There are two types of questions in English,

    英語有兩種題型。

  • closed questions, the questions which start with an auxiliary verb

    封閉式問題,即以助動詞開頭的問題。

  • and open questions,

    和開放性問題。

  • questions which start with a question word or a question phrase.

    以疑問詞或疑問短語開頭的問題;

  • Keep that in mind for a few minutes.

    牢牢記住這一點幾分鐘。

  • Questions that start with an auxiliary verb or a helping verb

    以助動詞或幫助動詞開頭的問題

  • are closed questions because they require just a simple answer,

    是封閉式問題,因為它們只需要一個簡單的答案。

  • yes or no.

    是或不是。

  • The detail is not really important.

    細節其實並不重要。

  • Do you like the soup?

    你喜歡這湯嗎?

  • No, I don't.

    不,我不知道。

  • Can you help me for a minute?

    你能幫我一下嗎?

  • Yeah, I can.

    是的,我可以。

  • Have you been to Italy?

    你去過意大利嗎?

  • No, I haven't.

    不,我沒有。

  • Are you enjoying the movie?

    你喜歡這部電影嗎?

  • Yeah, I am.

    是的,我是。

  • Another good tip here is the connection between the question and the answer.

    這裡還有一個很好的提示,就是問題和答案之間的聯繫。

  • See how the answer directly responds to the information in the question.

    看答案是如何直接反應問題中的資訊的。

  • Are you?

    你是嗎?

  • Yeah, I am.

    是的,我是。

  • No, I'm not.

    不,我沒有。

  • Have you?

    你有嗎?

  • No I haven't.

    不,我沒有。

  • Yeah, I have.

    是的,我有。

  • There are lots of patterns in English questions,

    英語題中有很多模式。

  • so if you start paying attention to the detail, you'll really be able to improve your grammar.

    所以如果你開始注意細節,你就真的能夠提高你的文法水準。

  • Questions that start with a question word are open questions and they're

    以問題開頭的問題字是開放性的問題,它們是

  • questions that require more information in the answer.

    需要更多資訊的問題在回答中。

  • Not just 'Have you been to Italy?'

    不僅僅是 "你去過意大利嗎?

  • But, 'When did you go?'

    但是,"你什麼時候去的?

  • I went last year!

    我去年就去了!

  • How long did you stay there?

    你在那裡呆了多久?

  • I stayed there for 3 months.

    我在那裡住了3個月。

  • Why did you go there?

    你為什麼要去那裡?

  • I went to study and learn Italian!

    我去學習和學習意大利語!

  • A good rule of thumb is that closed questions are great for confirming information about people.

    一個好的經驗法則是,封閉式的問題是確認人的資訊的好辦法。

  • Do you live there?

    你住在那裡嗎?

  • Once you confirm the answer then

    一旦你確認了答案,那麼

  • you can use open questions to learn more about them,

    你可以使用開放性問題來了解更多關於他們。

  • their experiences, their opinions,

    他們的經驗,他們的意見。

  • their recommendations.

    的建議。

  • How long does it take to drive there?

    開車過去需要多長時間?

  • What's the best restaurant to try?

    最值得嘗試的餐廳是什麼?

  • What's the weather like at this time of year?

    這個時候的天氣是怎樣的?

  • What's the best thing about living there?

    住在那裡有什麼好處?

  • Again, let me show you that the question

    再來,讓我告訴你,這個問題

  • structure always stays the same,

    結構始終保持不變。

  • question word,

    疑問詞。

  • auxiliary verb,

    助動詞。

  • subject,

    主題:

  • main verb.

    主動詞。

  • So, the most obvious difference between

    所以,最明顯的區別是

  • open and closed questions is the question word.

    開放性和封閉性的問題是問題詞。

  • But there is another noticeable difference and that's intonation.

    但還有一個明顯的區別,那就是音準。

  • Intonation is the way that your voice rises

    語調是你的聲音上升的方式。

  • and falls when we speak.

    並在我們說話時落下。

  • The intonation of your question depends on the type of question that it is.

    你的問題的語氣要看是什麼類型的問題。

  • For closed questions, so questions with auxiliary verbs,

    對於封閉式問題,所以帶助動詞的問題。

  • your intonation goes up at the end.

    你的音調會在最後上升。

  • Do you like them?

    你喜歡他們嗎?

  • Are you hungry?

    你餓了嗎?

  • Open questions that require more information in the answers

    需要在答案中提供更多資訊的開放性問題

  • usually go down in intonation.

    通常在音調上會有所下降。

  • Why do you like them?

    你為什麼喜歡他們?

  • What do you want to eat?

    你想吃什麼?

  • An important thing to think about all the time,

    一件重要的事情,要時刻思考。

  • but especially when you're trying to use questions correctly,

    但特別是當你想正確使用問題時。

  • is making sure that your subject

    正在確保你的主題

  • and your auxiliary verb match.

    和你的助動詞匹配。

  • When you're using an auxiliary verb in English questions,

    當你在英語題中使用助動詞時。

  • and in regular sentences too,

    而且在常規句子中也。

  • your main verb stays in the infinitive form

    你的主動詞保持在不定式中。

  • and your auxiliary verb needs to change,

    而你的助動詞需要改變。

  • depending on the subject and also the tense.

    取決於主語,也取決於時態。

  • For example:

    例如:

  • Do you live in London?

    你住在倫敦嗎?

  • The auxiliary verb matches the subject.

    助動詞與主語相匹配。

  • If our subject changes to 'he'

    如果我們的主語換成 "他

  • then we need to change our auxiliary verb to match it.

    那麼我們需要改變我們的助動詞與之匹配。

  • Does he live in London?

    他住在倫敦嗎?

  • Have they tried it?

    他們試過了嗎?

  • Has she tried it?

    她試過嗎?

  • Where was he living before?

    他之前住在哪裡?

  • Where were they living before?

    他們之前住在哪裡?

  • So, the relationship between the auxiliary verb and the subject

    所以,助動詞與主語之間的關係為

  • is one that you need to pay close attention to

    是你需要密切關注的一個問題

  • Now, I want to warn you,

    現在,我想警告你。

  • in real conversation things get loose,

    在真正的談話中,事情變得鬆散。

  • fast, and sometimes grammatically incorrect.

    快,有時還出現語法錯誤。

  • Most native English speakers can be a bit cheeky

    大多數以英語為母語的人都會有點厚臉皮。

  • and a bit lazy at times, especially when they're speaking!

    有時還有點懶惰,尤其是在他們說話的時候!

  • So, you need to listen for key pieces of information

    所以,你需要傾聽關鍵資訊。

  • plus intonation and try to just go with the flow.

    再加上語調,儘量順其自然。

  • One very common example of this is with closed questions,

    一個很常見的例子就是封閉式問題。

  • ones that start with an auxiliary verb,

    開頭的助動詞。

  • they can be shortened!

    他們可以被縮短!

  • So, the question 'Do you want to get something to eat?'

    所以,"你想吃點什麼嗎?"這個問題。

  • can become 'Want to get something to eat?

    可以變成'要不要吃點東西?

  • The intonation is important here so that you know that it's a question.

    這裡的語氣很重要,讓你知道這是一個問題。

  • The intonation goes up because it's a closed question.

    因為是封閉題,所以語調就上去了。

  • Want to get something to eat?

    想吃點東西嗎?

  • Okay, well be sure to download my cheat sheet and audio guide to help

    好了,好了,一定要下載我的小抄和音頻指南來幫助。

  • you practice using questions correctly.

    你練習正確使用問題。

  • You can get it right here.

    你可以在這裡得到它。

  • So, there was a lot to take in that lesson

    所以,有很多以此為鑑

  • and I'll definitely link to some other video lessons that I've made

    我一定會鏈接到一些其他的視頻。所得教訓

  • that will help you practice auxiliary verbs,

    可以幫助你練習助動詞。

  • subject verb agreement and question intonation.

    主語動詞約定和疑問語氣。

  • Right here, here and maybe I'll put one here too!

    在這裡,在這裡,也許我也會在這裡放一個!

  • Be sure to subscribe to my channel by clicking the red button,

    請務必點擊紅色按鈕訂閱我的頻道。

  • just over there!

    就在那裡!

  • And I release new lessons and worksheets every week.

    而且我每週都會發布新的課程和工作表。

  • So, I hope to see you in the next lesson!

    所以,希望下節課能見到你!

  • Bye for now!

    再見

Hello, I'm Emma from mmmEnglish!

你好,我是來自mmmEnglish的Emma!

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A2 初級 中文 英國腔 助動詞 問題 主語 開放性 英語 結構

改正你的语法错误 (Asking Questions in English | Question Structure | Fix Your Grammar Mistakes!)

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    Kimberly520 發佈於 2017 年 10 月 17 日
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