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  • By the end of this year,

    截止到今年年底之前,

  • there'll be nearly a billion people on this planet

    全世界總計將會有近十億的人口

  • that actively use social networking sites.

    活躍於各個社群網絡之中。

  • The one thing that all of them have in common

    他們擁有一個共通點

  • is that they're going to die.

    那就是有一天他們將會面臨死亡。

  • While that might be a somewhat morbid thought,

    雖然這樣的想法似乎有些病態,

  • I think it has some really profound implications

    但我認為這之中蘊藏了一些深遠意涵

  • that are worth exploring.

    值得我們去發掘。

  • What first got me thinking about this

    首先讓我認真去思考這件事情的

  • was a blog post authored earlier this year by Derek K. Miller,

    是一個叫做Derek K. Miller的作家在今年初所發布的一篇部落格文章。

  • who was a science and technology journalist

    Miller是一個科學和科技類的新聞工作者,

  • who died of cancer.

    因罹癌而離開人世,

  • And what Miller did was have his family and friends write a post

    而他要求他的家人和朋友在他死後

  • that went out shortly after he died.

    把他生前預先寫好的一篇文章發布到網路上。

  • Here's what he wrote in starting that out.

    以下是他所發布文章中的一段

  • He said, "Here it is. I'm dead,

    他說:「就在此刻,我已經死了,

  • and this is my last post to my blog.

    而這也是我最後發佈的一篇部落格文章。

  • In advance, I asked that once my body finally shut down

    我要求我的家人和朋友,

  • from the punishments of my cancer,

    當我的身體最終敵不過癌症的折磨而停止運作時,

  • then my family and friends publish this prepared message I wrote --

    將這則事先準備好的訊息發佈出去,

  • the first part of the process

    作為將這個活躍的網站

  • of turning this from an active website to an archive."

    轉變為歷史檔案的起點。」

  • Now, while as a journalist,

    現在,身為一名新聞工作者,

  • Miller's archive may have been better written

    Miller的個人歷史檔案可能比起其他多數的檔案

  • and more carefully curated than most,

    更好且更加謹慎的被管理和保存著。

  • the fact of the matter is that all of us today

    事實上,

  • are creating an archive

    現在我們每個人都在創造著一份檔案

  • that's something completely different

    這些檔案跟以往幾個世代

  • than anything that's been created

    任何時期創造出來的儲存方式

  • by any previous generation.

    都完全不同。

  • Consider a few stats for a moment.

    讓我們花點時間來瞭解以下幾個數據

  • Right now there are 48 hours of video

    就在此刻,每分鐘總計有48小時的影片

  • being uploaded to YouTube every single minute.

    被上傳到YouTube網站;

  • There are 200 million Tweets being posted every day.

    每天有兩億則推特發佈;

  • And the average Facebook user

    而平均每個Facebook用戶

  • is creating 90 pieces of content each month.

    每個月會發佈九十則訊息。

  • So when you think about your parents or your grandparents,

    所以想一想你的父母親或是你的祖父母,

  • at best they may have created

    他們可能頂多在某個角落的箱子裡

  • some photos or home videos,

    保存了一些照片或家庭生活影片

  • or a diary that lives in a box somewhere.

    或是一本日記簿。

  • But today we're all creating this incredibly rich digital archive

    但是如今,我們正在創造多元豐富的數位檔案庫。

  • that's going to live in the cloud indefinitely,

    即使在我們離開人世之後,

  • years after we're gone.

    這個檔案仍會被永久的保留在雲端運算之中,

  • And I think that's going to create some incredibly intriguing opportunities

    而我認為這將為從事科技工作者

  • for technologists.

    開創一些別開生面的機會。

  • Now to be clear, I'm a journalist and not a technologist,

    我得先表明,我是一個新聞工作者,並不是科技領域的專家,

  • so what I'd like to do briefly

    所以我想要呈現給各位的

  • is paint a picture

    是一幅

  • of what the present and the future are going to look like.

    描繪現在以及未來將會出現的畫面。

  • Now we're already seeing some services

    現在已經有一些服務

  • that are designed to let us decide

    他可以讓我們決定

  • what happens to our online profile and our social media accounts

    在我們死後,我們線上的個人檔案和社群帳號

  • after we die.

    能有甚麼變化。

  • One of them actually, fittingly enough,

    實際上,這當中有某一家服務得很稱職

  • found me when I checked into a deli

    它通過Foursquare網站,

  • at a restaurant in New York

    在我進入紐約一家餐廳的以後

  • on foursquare.

    立馬找到在熟食部的我

  • (Recording) Adam Ostrow: Hello.

    (錄音)Adam Ostrow: 哈囉!

  • Death: Adam?

    死神:Adam?

  • AO: Yeah.

    AO: 是的。

  • Death: Death can catch you anywhere, anytime,

    死神:死神可以隨時隨地將你抓走

  • even at the Organic.

    甚至是在擁有生機之處。

  • AO: Who is this?

    AO: 你到底是誰?

  • Death: Go to ifidie.net

    死神:在一切都還來得及時,

  • before it's too late.

    快登錄到ifidie.net

  • (Laughter)

    (大笑)

  • Adam Ostrow: Kind of creepy, right?

    有點令人毛骨悚然,對吧?

  • So what that service does, quite simply,

    其實該項服務所做的,非常簡單,

  • is let you create a message or a video

    就是讓你在死後,可以在Facebook上發布

  • that can be posted to Facebook after you die.

    你生前完成的訊息或影片。

  • Another service right now

    有另外一項

  • is called 1,000 Memories.

    現在叫做[千憶]的服務

  • And what this lets you do is create an online tribute to your loved ones,

    這項服務允許你設立一個線上空間,讓你所愛的人們

  • complete with photos and videos and stories

    在你死後

  • that they can post after you die.

    得以上傳照片、影片和故事。

  • But what I think comes next is far more interesting.

    但我預想未來的發展將比這些更加有趣。

  • Now a lot of you are probably familiar with Deb Roy

    你們大概都對Deb Roy還滿熟悉的吧,

  • who, back in March,

    他在三月份的時候

  • demonstrated how he was able to analyze more than 90,000 hours of home video.

    演示了他成功分析90,000多小時的家庭影片。

  • I think as machines' ability

    我認為,機器對於

  • to understand human language and process vast amounts of data

    人類語言的理解和處理龐大數字的能力

  • continues to improve,

    在持續的進步之中,

  • it's going to become possible

    想藉由我們正大量製造的

  • to analyze an entire life's worth of content --

    Tweets、照片、影片和部落格文章中

  • the Tweets, the photos, the videos, the blog posts --

    去解析一個生命所留下的內涵

  • that we're producing in such massive numbers.

    將不再是不可能的事。

  • And I think as that happens,

    而當這樣的情況真的發生時,

  • it's going to become possible for our digital personas

    我們各種數位分身將真的可能

  • to continue to interact in the real world long after we're gone

    在我們死後繼續和這個真實世界互動

  • thanks to the vastness of the amount of content we're creating

    而這得感謝那些我們正大量製造的訊息內容

  • and technology's ability to make sense of it all.

    以及具有將這一切變得可能的科技能力。

  • Now we're already starting to see some experiments here.

    現在我們要來觀察一個實驗。

  • One service called My Next Tweet

    有一個叫作My Next Tweet的服務

  • analyzes your entire Twitter stream, everything you've posted onto Twitter,

    他可藉由分析你所有的推特串,以及所有你已經發布在Twitter上的內容,

  • to make some predictions as to what you might say next.

    去預測你下一步可能會說些甚麼。

  • Well right now, as you can see,

    嗯...不過現在,就像你所看到的,

  • the results can be somewhat comical.

    這些結果可能有點滑稽。

  • You can imagine what something like this might look like

    但隨著我們的科技能力的改進,

  • five, 10 or 20 years from now

    你可以想像在五年、十年,

  • as our technical capabilities improve.

    甚至二十年之後這會變成甚麼樣子。

  • Taking it a step further,

    讓這一切更進一步的,

  • MIT's media lab is working on robots

    還有MIT的Media Lab正在研究製造

  • that can interact more like humans.

    可以更趨近於人類互動模式的機器人。

  • But what if those robots were able to interact

    但假若這些機器人與人互動的基礎

  • based on the unique characteristics of a specific person

    是奠基在專屬某個特定個人的的個性、

  • based on the hundreds of thousands of pieces of content

    以及此人終其一生所發布

  • that person produces in their lifetime?

    數以萬計的訊息內容而成的情況之下呢?

  • Finally, think back to this famous scene

    最後,我們回想一下過去一個有名的場景

  • from election night 2008

    時間是美國在2008年的

  • back in the United States,

    總統大選之夜,

  • where CNN beamed a live hologram

    在CNN的現場出現了嘻哈歌手

  • of hip hop artist will.i.am into their studio

    will.i.am的全息圖,

  • for an interview with Anderson Cooper.

    讓他接受Anderson Cooper的訪談。

  • What if we were able to use that same type of technology

    我們是否也能應用同樣的科技

  • to beam a representation of our loved ones into our living rooms --

    製造出一個可以投射在客廳,作為我們所愛之人象徵的全息圖,

  • interacting in a very lifelike way

    用他們生前所發出的訊息內容做為材料

  • based on all the content they created while they were alive?

    讓這個全息圖可以活生生的與我們互動呢?

  • I think that's going to become completely possible

    我認為當我們所使用的數據訊息量

  • as the amount of data we're producing

    以及能夠解讀這些訊息的科技能力

  • and technology's ability to understand it

    都呈指數式的擴充時,

  • both expand exponentially.

    這是非常有可能的。

  • Now in closing, I think what we all need to be thinking about

    以此作為演說的尾聲,我認為我們都應該去思考的是

  • is if we want that to become our reality --

    如果我們希望這種情況成真-

  • and if so,

    而如果他的確成真了,

  • what it means for a definition of life and everything that comes after it.

    這對人生的定義,以及與人生相關的種種又意味著什麼。

  • Thank you very much.

    非常謝謝你們。

  • (Applause)

    (鼓掌)

By the end of this year,

截止到今年年底之前,

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【TED】亞當-奧斯特羅:在你最後的狀態更新之後(Adam Ostrow: After your final status update)。 (【TED】Adam Ostrow: After your final status update (Adam Ostrow: After your final status update))

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    Nemo 發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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