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字幕列表 影片播放

  • Deep inside Yale University's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

    耶魯大學的拜內克古籍善本圖書館中深蔵著

  • lies the only copy of a 240-page tome.

    世上只有一本的奇書,共240頁

  • Recently carbon dated to around 1420,

    藉由碳 - 14 年代測定法可知該書約在 1420 年製成

  • its vellum pages features looping handwriting

    其牛皮紙上有極具特色的手寫文字

  • and hand-drawn images seemingly stolen from a dream.

    還有手作繪畫,內容豐富有如來自夢自境

  • Real and imaginary plants,

    書中有真實可見的植物,也有想像的花卉

  • floating castles,

    漂浮著的城堡

  • bathing women,

    沐浴中的女人

  • astrology diagrams,

    占星術的圖譜

  • zodiac rings,

    星象圈

  • and suns and moons with faces accompany the text.

    太陽及月亮的各種樣貌伴以文字

  • This 24x16 centimeter book is called the Voynich manuscript,

    這本書的長 24 寬 16 公分,被稱為伏尼契手稿

  • and its one of history's biggest unsolved mysteries.

    堪稱世上最神秘的一本書

  • The reason why?

    原因為何呢?

  • No one can figure out what it says.

    沒有人知道這本書寫的是什麼

  • The name comes from Wilfrid Voynich,

    書名來自於伏尼契這個人 ( Wilfrid Voynich )

  • a Polish bookseller who came across the document at a Jesuit college

    他是波蘭的書商,他在耶穌會看到這本書

  • in Italy in 1912.

    當時是 1912 年的義大利

  • He was puzzled.

    他困惑不解

  • Who wrote it?

    書是誰寫的?

  • Where was it made?

    在哪兒寫的?

  • What do these bizarre words and vibrant drawings represent?

    這些奇怪的文字和生動的圖畫代表什麼意思?

  • What secrets do its pages contain?

    書裡有什麼秘密?

  • He purchased the manuscript from the cash-strapped priest at the college,

    他從耶穌會裡的一位金錢拮据的牧師那兒買下此書,

  • and eventually brought it to the U.S.,

    最後帶到了美國,

  • where experts have continued to puzzle over it for more than a century.

    之後的一百年間美國的專家也對此書來歷不解

  • Cryptologists say the writing has all the characteristics of a real language,

    解秘專家認為書裡的手寫文字具有一般真實語言的特性,

  • just one that no one's ever seen before.

    但是沒有任何人看過這種文字

  • What makes it seem real is that in actual languages,

    之所以看起來像是真實的語言

  • letters and groups of letters appear with consistent frequencies,

    是因為書中字母和字群重覆出現的頻率有一致性

  • and the language in the Voynich manuscript

    從伏尼契手稿所使用的語言中

  • has patterns you wouldn't find from a random letter generator.

    可見到的語言模式不同於隨機字母產生器所產生的字詞

  • Other than that, we know little more than what we can see.

    除此之外,我們還可以知道更多

  • The letters are varied in style and height.

    字母高度形式各有不同

  • Some are borrowed from other scripts, but many are unique.

    有些似乎借自別的文字,有些則很獨特

  • The taller letters have been named gallows characters.

    高的字母被命名為吊桿字符

  • The manuscript is highly decorated throughout

    手稿全篇有許多圖案點綴

  • with scroll-like embellishments.

    如像卷軸式的裝飾畫

  • It appears to be written by two or more hands,

    看起來應有兩個以上的人撰寫,

  • with the painting done by yet another party.

    另外有一個人畫圖

  • Over the years, three main theories about the manuscript's text have emerged.

    多年來,有三種理論試圖解釋手稿的內容

  • The first is that it's written in cypher,

    第一種是手稿是用密碼的方式書寫,

  • a secret code deliberately designed to hide secret meaning.

    作者有意利用密碼來隱藏真實的含義

  • The second is that the document is a hoax

    第二種理論認為文稿是個騙局

  • written in gibberish to make money off a gullible buyer.

    裡面所寫的文字根本是無意義的塗鴉,用以騙取出錢的買家

  • Some speculate the author was a medieval con man.

    有些人憶測作者是中世紀的詐欺人士

  • Others, that it was Voynich himself.

    也有人認為作者就是伏尼契本人

  • The third theory is that the manuscript is written in an actual language,

    第三種理論認為手稿是真實的語言,

  • but in an unknown script.

    但書寫的文字無人知

  • Perhaps medieval scholars were attempting to create an alphabet

    也許是中世紀的學者,想要創造出新的字母系統

  • for a language that was spoken but not yet written.

    因為該語言只有口說形式並無書寫文字

  • In that case, the Voynich manuscript might be like the rongorongo script

    若是如此,伏尼契手稿可能像是朗格朗格符號

  • invented on Easter Island,

    是在復活節島上被發明的文字,

  • now unreadable after the culture that made it collapsed.

    因為使用該語言的文明消失而無人能閱讀

  • Though no one can read the Voynich manuscript,

    雖然伏尼契手稿無人能懂,

  • that hasn't stopped people from guessing what it might say.

    但仍有許多人猜測其內容為何

  • Those who believe the manuscript was an attempt to create

    許多人相信手稿是要創造

  • a new form of written language

    書寫語言的新形式

  • speculate that it might be an encyclopedia

    他們猜測手稿可能是一部百科全書

  • containing the knowledge of the culture that produced it.

    內容是手稿寫成時的文化萬象

  • Others believe it was written by the 13th century philosopher Roger Bacon,

    另有些人相信手稿的作者是十三世紀的哲學家培根

  • who attempted to understand the universal laws of grammar,

    培根試著去研究世界通用的文法原則

  • or in the 16th century by the Elizabethan mystic John Dee,

    或者作者可能是十六世紀伊莉沙白期時期的英國傳奇人物約翰迪伊

  • who practiced alchemy and divination.

    他曾是練金術士,並會占卜

  • More fringe theories that the book was written by a coven of Italian witches,

    更不一樣的理論認為此書是義大利的女巫們所寫,

  • or even by Martians.

    也有人猜是火星人留下的

  • After 100 years of frustration,

    經過一百年的掙扎

  • scientists have recently shed a little light on the mystery.

    科學家近日在揭開手稿的秘密上有了一點進展

  • The first breakthrough was the carbon dating.

    首先是碳元素的鑑定確定了手稿寫成的時間

  • Also, contemporary historians have traced the provenance of the manuscript

    同時,現代的歷史學家追蹤手稿的出處

  • back through Rome and Prague to as early as 1612,

    可以追溯到約 1612 年的羅馬和布拉格,

  • when it was perhaps passed from Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II

    手稿可能是由神聖羅馬帝國皇帝魯道夫二世

  • to his physician, Jacobus Sinapius.

    交給他的醫生 Jacobus Sinapius

  • In addition to these historical breakthroughs,

    除了這些歷史性的突破外,

  • linguistic researchers recently proposed the provisional identification

    語言學家近日提出了

  • of a few of the manuscript's words.

    手稿文字的來歷

  • Could the letters beside these seven stars spell Tauran,

    七星圖畫旁的文字可能是拼成 Tauran,

  • a name for Taurus,

    金牛座的名稱之一,

  • a constellation that includes the seven stars called the Pleiades?

    由名為昴宿星團的七顆星所組成?

  • Could this word be Centaurun for the Centaurea plant in the picture?

    Centaurun 也有可能是圖片中的植物?

  • Perhaps, but progress is slow.

    可能,但進展緩慢

  • If we can crack its code, what might we find?

    如果我們能解出密碼,我們會發現什麼呢

  • The dream journal of a 15th-century illustrator?

    十五世紀的插畫師的夢日記?

  • A bunch of nonsense?

    還是毫無意義的文字?

  • Or the lost knowledge of a forgotten culture?

    或是一個被遺忘的文明所失去的知識?

  • What do you think it is?

    你覺得它是什麼?

Deep inside Yale University's Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library

耶魯大學的拜內克古籍善本圖書館中深蔵著

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影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B2 中高級 中文 美國腔 TED-Ed 手稿 文字 書寫 語言 字母

【TED-Ed】世界上最神祕的書--斯蒂芬-巴克斯。 (【TED-Ed】The world’s most mysterious book - Stephen Bax)

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