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  • Hello, I'm Michael.

    你好,我是邁克爾。

  • Welcome to Oxford Online English.

    歡迎來到牛津在線英語。

  • In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about the weather in English.

    在本課中,你將學習如何用英語談論天氣。

  • Do you know what it means if someone says It's chucking it down today?

    你知道如果有人說今天要把它扔下去是什麼意思嗎?

  • If someone says it's baking today, do you know what they are talking about?

    如果有人說今天是烘焙,你知道他們在說什麼嗎?

  • In this class, you'll learn words, phrases, and idioms that you can use to describe different kinds of weather.

    在這門課上,你將學習到可以用來描述不同種類天氣的單詞、短語和成語。

  • British people are famous for talking about the weather.

    英國人以談論天氣而聞名。

  • Do you know why?

    你知道為什麼嗎?

  • It's because in the UK we have a lot of weather.

    這是因為在英國,我們有很多天氣。

  • You never know what the weather will be like.

    你永遠不知道天氣會是什麼樣子。

  • You can have all four seasons in one day.

    你可以在一天之內擁有四季。

  • We are going to look at a typical British day, so the weather is going to be very changeable.

    我們要看的是英國典型的一天,所以天氣會有很大的變化。

  • This means that weather can change quickly and unpredictably.

    這意味著,天氣會迅速變化,不可預測。

  • It can be sunny, and then 30 minutes later, it will start snowing.

    它可以是晴天,然後30分鐘後,就會開始下雪。

  • So, first we wake up, and it is a bit cold.

    所以,首先我們醒來,天氣有點冷。

  • How would we describe this?

    我們該如何描述呢?

  • I could say that it's a bit chilly.

    可以說是有點冷了。

  • This means that it's a little cold.

    這意味著,它有點冷。

  • Not very cold, just a little cold.

    不是很冷,只是有點冷。

  • Autumn mornings are often chilly.

    秋天的早晨往往是寒冷的。

  • In chilly weather, you might want a light jacket, but you won't need a heavy coat, or a scarf, or anything like that.

    在寒冷的天氣裡,你可能需要一件輕薄的外套,但你不需要厚重的大衣,或者圍巾之類的東西。

  • But what if it's very cold?

    但如果很冷怎麼辦?

  • You could say that it's freezing.

    你可以說,它的凍結。

  • You might say that you can see your breath.

    你可以說,你可以看到你的呼吸。

  • Freezing means that it is very cold.

    凍的意思是很冷。

  • Not just chilly, but very cold.

    不僅僅是冷,而是非常冷。

  • Antarctica is freezing.

    南極洲很冷

  • Northern Canada in winter is freezing.

    冬天的加拿大北部是冰天雪地。

  • To see your breath means that you can literally see the air when you breathe on it.

    看清自己的呼吸,是指當你呼吸到空氣時,你可以從字面上看到空氣。

  • Usually, if you can see your breath, it is freezing.

    通常,如果你能看到你的呼吸,它是凍結。

  • If the weather is so freezing that you can see your breath, you probably will need to bundle up.

    如果天氣凍得能看到你的呼吸,你可能需要捆綁起來。

  • Bundle up means to wear layers of clothes to keep yourself warm.

    捆綁的意思是穿上層層疊疊的衣服來保暖。

  • When the weather is freezing, you need to bundle up.

    天氣寒冷的時候,你需要捆綁起來。

  • On freezing mornings, it can be very, very difficult to get out of bed.

    在冰天雪地的早晨,起床是非常非常困難的。

  • But let's imagine that we get up because we have to go to work.

    但我們想象一下,我們起床是因為我們要去上班。

  • So we leave the house and it's "drizzling" at the moment.

    於是,我們離開了家,此刻正下著 "小雨"。

  • Drizzling means that it is raining lightly.

    淅淅瀝瀝是指下著小雨。

  • It's not heavy.

    它不重。

  • Drizzle is so light that it can look like mist.

    雨點很輕,可以像霧一樣。

  • We can also say that it is only spitting.

    我們也可以說,這只是吐槽。

  • Spitting is even lighter than drizzling.

    吐槽比滴水還輕。

  • It means that a few raindrops are falling, but it isn't really raining.

    意思是說有幾顆雨滴落下,但並不是真的下雨。

  • Before it rains, it might start spitting and then get heavier.

    下雨前,可能會開始吐槽,然後越來越重。

  • Then, suddenly, the heavens open.

    然後,突然,天開了。

  • This means that it starts raining heavily.

    這意味著,開始下大雨了。

  • How else could I describe it if it is raining a lot?

    如果經常下雨,還能怎麼形容呢?

  • I could say that it is chucking it down.

    我可以說,它是攆下來的。

  • This means that it is raining a lot.

    這意味著,雨下得很大。

  • It is really heavy.

    它真的很重。

  • It is the type of rain that people find it difficult to drive in or walk in.

    這是一種讓人覺得開車難、走路難的雨。

  • As I am walking to work, my clothes are getting soaked.

    當我走在上班的路上時,我的衣服都快溼透了。

  • This means that my clothes are very wet because of the rain.

    這意味著我的衣服因為下雨而非常潮溼。

  • Luckily, I brought my umbrella today.

    幸好我今天帶了雨傘。

  • So we get to work, only a little damp from the rain, thanks to the umbrella.

    於是我們就開始工作了,只是由於雨傘的緣故,被雨淋得有些潮溼。

  • Damp means that something is slightly wet.

    潮是指東西微溼。

  • My clothes are a little wet because of the rain.

    因為下雨,我的衣服有點溼。

  • And from my window, I can see that it's very overcast and dark overhead.

    而從我的窗口,我可以看到,天氣非常陰沉,頭頂上一片漆黑。

  • To say that it is overcast means that the clouds are covering the sky.

    說是陰天,是指雲層遮住了天空。

  • You cannot see the sun.

    你看不到太陽。

  • When it is dark overhead, you are saying that the clouds are very black.

    頭頂上一片漆黑的時候,你說雲彩很黑。

  • Most likely this is because it is raining or going to rain soon.

    很可能是因為正在下雨或即將下雨。

  • So, it is dark overhead, and overcast.

    所以,頭頂上一片漆黑,陰天。

  • You think there's going to be a storm.

    你覺得會有一場風暴。

  • You could say that there is a storm brewing. This means that you think a storm will start very soon.

    你可以說,有一場風暴正在醞釀。這意味著你認為一場風暴很快就會開始。

  • You're sure there's going to be a storm; you can see it in the sky.

    你肯定會有一場風暴,你可以在天空中看到它。

  • And then you see lightning.

    然後你會看到閃電。

  • Lightning is a large electric flash of light, and after the lightning, you hear thunder.

    閃電是大面積的電光閃動,閃電過後,就會聽到雷聲。

  • Thunder is the noise that you hear caused by lightning.

    雷聲就是你聽到的由雷電引起的噪音。

  • Usually you will hear thunder after you see lightning.

    通常你看到閃電後會聽到雷聲。

  • We call these storms thunderstorms.

    我們稱這些風暴為雷雨。

  • Thunderstorms are storms that have lightning, thunder, and it is also chucking it down as well.

    雷雨是指有雷電、雷聲的暴風雨,它也是夾雜著雷聲下來的。

  • When the storm starts, the wind picks up.

    風暴開始的時候,風速就會加快。

  • Soon, it's almost a gale.

    很快,幾乎是一陣大風。

  • The wind picks up when the wind becomes stronger.

    風力變大後,風速就會加快。

  • A gale is a very strong wind, which can be dangerous.

    大風是一種很強的風,可能很危險。

  • Lucky for you, when it is time to go home, the storm has finished.

    幸運的是,當你要回家的時候,風暴已經結束了。

  • It is now sunny and hot.

    現在是陽光明媚,天氣炎熱。

  • You won't need your umbrella anymore.

    你不再需要你的雨傘了。

  • You walk outside and there isn't a cloud in the sky, and it is baking hot.

    你走在外面,天空中沒有一絲雲彩,而且天氣很熱。

  • This means that it is very hot.

    這意味著,它是非常熱的。

  • It is baking hot in the Sahara Desert.

    撒哈拉沙漠的天氣很熱。

  • It's completely still. That means there's no wind at all.

    完全靜止的。這意味著根本沒有風。

  • We can also say that it is a scorcher today.

    我們也可以說,今天是個酷暑。

  • This also means that it is extremely hot.

    這也就意味著,它的溫度極高。

  • In Australia, most days in the summer could be described as scorchers.

    在澳洲,夏天的大部分日子都可以用炙熱來形容。

  • Another way to say this is to say that it is boiling.

    另一種說法是說它是沸騰的。

  • So, if the temperature is very hot, we can say that it is baking hot, a scorcher, or boiling.

    所以,如果溫度很高,我們可以說它是炙熱的,是灼熱的,或者是沸騰的。

  • The walk home from work is a lot better than your walk to work this morning in the rain.

    下班走回家,比你今早冒雨走去上班要好得多。

  • So, you get home and watch the weather forecast.

    所以,你回家後就看天氣預報。

  • The weather forecast is the prediction for the next day or week of what the weather will be like.

    天氣預報是預測未來一天或一週的天氣情況。

  • The weather forecast tells you that tomorrow, it will begin with a bit of frost on the ground, and it will be sleeting.

    天氣預報告訴你,明天開始,地面會有一點霜,而且還會下雪。

  • In the afternoon, there will be flurry of snow, and then it will turn into a blizzard by the evening.

    午後,會有雪花,到了傍晚就會變成暴雪。

  • The snow on the floor will turn into slush.

    地上的雪會變成泥漿。

  • It will be below freezing for most of the day.

    今天大部分時間都會在零度以下。

  • What does this mean?

    這意味著什麼?

  • It will begin with a bit of frost on the ground.

    開始時,地面上會有一點霜。

  • Frost are ice crystals on a frozen surface.

    霜是冰凍表面的冰晶。

  • When it is freezing, the ground may be covered in frost.

    天寒地凍時,地面可能會結滿霜。

  • Usually in winter in the UK, we have very frosty mornings.

    通常在英國的冬天,我們的早晨會有非常多的霜。

  • And it will be sleeting.

    而且還會下雪。

  • Sleet is rain and snow mixed together.

    雪花是雨和雪混合在一起的。

  • Sleet happens when snow melts as it falls.

    當雪落下時融化,就會發生雪花。

  • In the afternoon, there will be a flurry of snow.

    下午,將有一場雪。

  • A flurry of snow means that there will be light snow for a short time.

    飄雪是指短時間內會有小雪。

  • It won't be heavy, and it usually doesn't stay on the ground.

    它不會很重,通常不會停留在地面上。

  • But it will turn into a blizzard by the evening.

    但到了晚上就會變成暴雪。

  • A blizzard is a storm with lots of snow and wind.

    暴風雪是指有大量風雪的風暴。

  • Usually planes can't take off or land when there is a heavy blizzard.

    通常暴風雪時,飛機無法起飛或降落。

  • The snow on the floor will turn into slush.

    地上的雪會變成泥漿。

  • Slush is snow or ice that has partly melted.

    泥濘是指已經部分融化的雪或冰。

  • Usually snow will turn into slush when the weather gets warmer.

    通常天氣變暖後,雪會變成雪泥。

  • Walking in slush is very unpleasant because cold water will get into your shoes!

    在泥濘中行走是非常難受的,因為冷水會進到你的鞋子裡!

  • It will be below freezing for most of the day.

    今天大部分時間都會在零度以下。

  • When we say it is below freezing, we are saying that the temperature is below 0°C.

    我們說是冰點以下,是說溫度低於0℃。

  • This means that it's freezing.

    這意味著,它的凍結。

  • So, I'll probably want to bundle up tomorrow!

    所以,我明天可能要捆綁起來!

  • So what have we learnt today?

    那麼今天我們學到了什麼呢?

  • We have learned that Britain's weather is very changeable, and hopefully we have learned how to describe the weather in more detail using phrases and expressions.

    我們瞭解了英國的天氣變化無常,希望我們學會了如何用短語和表達方式更詳細地描述天氣。

  • Thanks very much for watching!

    非常感謝您的觀看!

  • I hope that you have found it useful.

    希望對您有所幫助。

  • You can see more of our free lessons on our website: Oxford Online English dot com.

    您可以在我們的網站上看到更多的免費課程。牛津在線英語網。

  • See you next time.

    下次見。

Hello, I'm Michael.

你好,我是邁克爾。

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如何用英文談論天氣 (How to Talk About the Weather in English - Spoken English Lesson)

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