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  • Anybody can learn a second language in six months. There are five principles and seven

    任何人都可以在半年內學會第二語言。有五個原則和七個

  • actions. The first rule, first principle for learning a language is focus on language content

    動作。學習語言的第一條規則、第一條原則是關注語言內容。

  • that is relative to YOU. I had a colleague many years ago, we had 48 hours to deliver

    那是相對於你來說的。我有一個同事很多年前,我們有48小時的時間來交付

  • a training manual in Chinese. In 48 hours, she learned to type Chinese because it was

    一本中文培訓手冊。在48小時內,她學會了中文打字,因為它是

  • relevant, it was meaningful, it was important. So the second principle for learning a language

    相關的,是有意義的,是重要的。所以學習語言的第二個原則

  • is: to use your language as a tool to communicate, right from day 1! When I first arrived in

    是:從第一天開始,就把自己的語言作為交流的工具!當我第一次來到

  • China, I didn't speak a word of Chinese, on my second week, I got to take a train ride

    中國,我一句中文都不會說,第二週,我就坐上了火車。

  • overnight. I spent 8 hours sitting in the dining car, talking to one of the guards on

    一夜之間。我在餐車裡坐了8個小時,跟一個警衛聊了幾句。

  • the train, in Chinese. He was drawing pictures and making movements with his hands and piece

    火車上,用中文。他一邊畫畫,一邊用手做著動作,一塊兒

  • by piece by piece I understood more and more. 2 weeks later when people were talking Chinese

    一塊一塊的,我越來越明白。2周後,當人們在談論中文時

  • around me, I was understanding some of this and I hadn't made any effort to learn that.

    周圍的人,我是明白一些的,我沒有努力去學習這些。

  • Which brings us to the 3rd principle: When you first understand the message, then you

    這就給我們帶來了第3個原則:當你首先理解了資訊,那麼你就會

  • will acquire the language unconsciously. And language learning, it's about physiological

    會在不知不覺中習得語言。而語言的學習,是關於生理上的

  • training! Because we have filters in our brain that filter out the sounds of languages that

    訓練!因為我們的大腦裡有過濾器,可以過濾掉語言的聲音。

  • we're not familiar with and if you can't hear it, you won't understand it. Speaking takes

    我們'不熟悉,如果你不能'聽到它,你將不理解它。說話需要

  • muscle - you have to coordinate those in a way that you make sounds that other people

    肌肉 - 你必須協調這些方式 你發出的聲音,其他的人。

  • will understand. And the final principle, if you're sad, angry, worried, upset, you're

    會明白的。而最後的原則,如果你'傷心、生氣、擔心、難過,你'。

  • not going to learn, period! You need to be tolerant of ambiguity. If you're one of those

    不去學習,就這樣!你需要容忍模稜兩可。如果你'是那些

  • people who needs to understand 100% every word you're hearing, you will go nuts! If

    需要100%理解你所聽到的每一個字的人,你會發瘋的!如果

  • you're comfortable getting some, not getting some, paying attention to what you do understand,

    你'舒服得到一些,不舒服得到一些,注意你所瞭解的。

  • you're gonna be fine, you'll be relaxed and you'll be learning quickly. What are the 7

    你'會很好,你'會很放鬆,你'會學得很快。什麼是7

  • actions that you take? Number 1 - Listen alot! Doesn't matter if you understand it or not.

    你採取的行動?第1條--多聽!不管你是否理解它。

  • You're listening to the rhythms, you're listening to patterns that repeat, you're listening

    你在聽節奏,你在聽重複的模式,你在聽。

  • to things that stand out. The second action: Get the meaning first even before you get

    到突出的事物。第二個動作。在你得到之前,先得到它的意義

  • the word. From body language you can understand a lot of communication. The third action,

    的話。從肢體語言中,你可以瞭解很多交流的內容。第三個動作。

  • start mixing! If you've got ten verbs, ten nouns and ten adjectives, you can say 1000

    開始混合!如果你有10個動詞,10個名詞和10個形容詞,你可以說1000個

  • different things. Focus on the core. With every language, there's high frequency content.

    不同的事情。關注核心。每一種語言,都有'的高頻內容。

  • In English, 1000 words covers 85% of anything you're ever gonna say in daily communication.

    在英語中,1000個單詞涵蓋了你在日常交流中85%的內容'要去說。

  • Start with your toolbox. How do you say that? I don't understand. Repeat that please. What

    從你的工具箱開始。你怎麼能這麼說?我不明白請再說一遍。什麼?

  • does that mean? By week 2: Me, this, you, that. And by the 3rd or 4th week: Although,

    這意味著什麼?到第二週我,這個,你,那個。而到了第三週或第四周,雖然,

  • but, therefore. You should get yourself a language parent who will communicate with

    但是,是以。你應該給自己找一個會溝通的語言家長。

  • you essentially as an equal. First of all they will work hard to understand what you

    你本質上是平等的。首先,他們會努力瞭解你的情況。

  • mean even when you're way off. Secondly they will never correct your mistakes. Thirdly

    意思是,即使你'的方式關閉。第二,他們永遠不會糾正你的錯誤。第三

  • they will feedback their understanding of what you're saying so that you can respond

    他們會反饋他們對你說的話的理解,這樣你就可以做出迴應。

  • and then they will use words that you know. The sixth thing you have to do is copy the

    然後他們會用你認識的字。第六件事你要做的是抄寫。

  • face. You gotta get the muscles working right. And the final idea here, what you need to

    臉。你必須讓肌肉工作的權利。而最後的想法在這裡,你需要的是

  • do is realize that everything you know is an image inside your mind. If you talk about

    要做的就是意識到你所知道的一切都只是你腦海裡的一個影像。如果你談論

  • fire you can smell the smoke and you can see the flames. There are five principles, seven

    火,你可以聞到煙味,你可以看到火焰。有五個原則,七個

  • actions, do them all, you're going to be fluent in a second language in 6 months. Thank you.

    動作,都做了,6個月後你就能流利地掌握第二語言了。謝謝你。

Anybody can learn a second language in six months. There are five principles and seven

任何人都可以在半年內學會第二語言。有五個原則和七個

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A2 初級 中文 美國腔 語言 原則 中文 動作 學習 交流

【TED】六個月內學習任何語言 How to learn any language in 6 months | Chris Lonsdale (TED Talk Summary)

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