Placeholder Image

字幕列表 影片播放

已審核 字幕已審核
  • I've combined my two passions: economics and Game of Thrones to come up with an economic

    我將我熱愛的兩件事:經濟及權力遊戲結合成

  • analysis of Westeros. I scoured the pages of the first 5 books to find clues about

    維斯洛特的經濟狀況分析。我翻遍了前五本小說來找關於七大王國的

  • the financial situation in the seven kingdoms. Here's what I found...

    財務狀況的蛛絲馬跡。以下是我的發現...

  • First of all: The Iron Throne really needs to get its finances in order. The crown has

    首先,鐵王座真的很需要在財政上取得平衡。王室不斷

  • been spending and accumulating debt. Unfortunately, none of this spending has been invested in

    在進行開支導致債台高築。不幸的是,這些開支並沒有正確投資在

  • long-term growth. The throne spends on lavish parties and jousting competitions. And has

    遠見的成長上,君王反而將其花費在華麗的派對和刺槍比賽上

  • ongoing expenses due to the war of the five kings. In book one Ned Stark says the mad king left

    以及因應五位王者的爭戰的戰爭開支。在第一本小說中,奈德‧史塔克說瘋王讓

  • the treasury flowing with gold. And Littlefinger has managed to increase revenue tenfold during

    國庫充斥著黃金,而小指頭有意在他還是財政大臣之時

  • his time as Master of CoinYet somehow the crown is over 6 million golden dragons

    增加十倍的收益... 然而不知怎麼的王室的債已超過6百萬龍幣

  • in debt. It owes 3 million dragons to the Lannister house, 2 million to the Iron Bank

    其中欠了蘭尼斯特家族3百萬龍幣、布拉佛斯的鐵金庫2百萬

  • of Braavos, the most powerful bank in the known world, and another million to the church

    ,全世界最知名最具權力的金庫,以及七教堂另外

  • of the seven. The crown’s sizeable income barely covers the interest on its debt. And

    一百萬。王室相當大部分的收入仍不足以抵銷債務

  • Cersei has already suspended payments to the bank and the church. It seems to me the Lannister's

    瑟曦便早已停止對財庫和教堂的支付,在我看來蘭尼斯特需要

  • are going to need a new motto... Based on the unsustainable debt dynamics of

    一個新的格言了... 基於鐵王座難以應付的債務

  • the Iron Throne it seems the probability default is highwhich means the Iron Bank is no

    看來欠拖的可能性相當高... 也就是說鐵金庫

  • doubt getting restless. But if Tommen wants to stay on the throne

    無法得到平靜。但如果托曼仍想坐穩寶座,

  • or rather if Cersei plans to keep him there he going to have to keep fighting for it,

    或是瑟曦計畫要讓他留在上頭,他必須不斷與之纏鬥,

  • which is going to be expensive. Since more debt isn't an option, the throne has increased taxes.

    那卻需要一筆相當的開支。正因為欠更多的債不是個好選擇,君王開始增稅

  • The crown has imposed a tax on the tens of thousands fleeing to King’s Landing. Tywin

    王室強加了好幾萬的稅賦到君臨

  • even levied a tax on the brothels. The other option is printing money. Which

    泰溫甚至向妓院收稅。另外一個選擇是列印鈔票

  • is difficult with a commodity-based currency. But there is some speculation, based on a

    但就難在日常間的通用性。但從小說第二和三本一些文行間

  • few pointed lines in books 2 and 3, that Littlefinger was printing more coins by diluting the amount

    能看出一些端倪,像是小指頭製造出更多的硬幣

  • of gold in each. Though these statements could be attributed to Little Finger's incredible

    來貶低黃金的價值。雖然這些作為要歸功於小指頭

  • business acumen. But there are two sides of every dragon

    精明的商業頭腦,但凡事總有一體兩面...

  • coinDebt isn't so bad if the economy is growingBut there isn't any good news here.

    當經濟有所成長,債務的壓力就不會太嚴重... 不過沒有事情是一帆風順的

  • Government spending can sometimes lead to growth... If the gold is spent on infrastructure,

    政府的支出有時也會帶來經濟成長... 如果是用在基礎建設、

  • capital investment and public goods. That was not the case. The iron throne went into

    資本投資以及公共利益的話,但並非如此,鐵王座卻將金錢

  • massive debt throwing parties and fighting a civil war.

    花費在派對以及中世紀的戰爭形成龐大債務

  • The Westeros economy is based on agriculture. And has little by way of international trade.

    維斯特洛的經濟是建立在農業上的 ,國際貿易只佔一小部分

  • The people of Westeros reap what they sow, which has been less and less lately. And ever

    維斯特洛的人民以此獲得的利益,近來卻越來越微薄

  • since "The Mountain" ravaged the riverlands - Farmers have fled, fields have burned, and

    自從「魔山」將河地蹂躪的一番。農夫紛紛奔逃、田地被燒毀殆盡,還有

  • equipment has been destroyed. And the fertile lands of The Reach has been cut off from King’s

    設備被破壞。封地中肥沃的土地都被君臨剝奪而去

  • Landing. NOT TO MENTION WINTER IS COMINGAnd though

    "更別說冬天即將到來"...... 然而

  • most of us are too young to remember the last winter, I think it's safe to say that it

    我們都太年輕很難記得上一次的嚴酷的寒冬,我覺得可以說是

  • will make farming EXTREMELY difficult. So all signs point to financial instability

    讓耕種變得"極度"的困難。因此所有的跡象指出了財政的不穩定性

  • and negative economic growth. We've already seen food prices increase

    以及經濟的負向成長。我們已經可以看到在君臨

  • in King's Landing. With winter ahead and expectations of even less supply, food prices

    物價高漲了。當寒冬在即,將預期供給會下降、

  • will continue to rise. However, expect the price of services to fall,

    物價會持續的升高。然而,假設供給下降

  • unemployment is high. I suspect that the supply of prostitutes is on the rise. And discretionary

    失業率升高,我猜測妓院的供給量會上升。任意的

  • spending has evaporated for most of the kingdom. Which means that the price of some companionship

    支出都讓國庫的錢財蒸發。也就是說去擁有另一半的價格

  • will go down. There's only one positive that I can see coming

    會上升。這是唯一我覺得在此亂象中可以看出的

  • out of this mess. The Lannisters will likely lose much of their wealth and power.

    好事。蘭尼斯特家族看似會失去許多的財富和權力

  • The Iron Bank of Braavos is known for getting its due. They aren’t going to simply write

    布拉佛斯的鐵金庫以得到相對報酬為名,他們絕對不會對

  • off the debt of the Iron Throne. They will step in and support someone else to take over

    鐵王座的債務輕描淡寫過去,他們會介入並擁戴另外的

  • the throne provided the usurper promises to honor the outstanding debt to the Bank. This

    王座篡位者,確保他會兌現還錢積欠的債務給金庫的承諾

  • is doubly bad for the Lannisters. Not only would they lose control of the Iron Throne,

    這對蘭尼斯特家族來說是加倍的傷害。他們不只會失去對鐵王座的控制權

  • but the throne owes the Lannisters millions of golden dragons--a debt which is unlikely

    鐵王座還積欠了蘭尼斯特百萬龍幣的債,讓任何強行奪走

  • to be honored if someone else takes the throne by force.

    王座的人都不會履行的天大的債務

  • So at least something good will come out of the impending crisis of Westeros: House Lannister

    所以說至少在維斯特洛迫切的危機中會有所轉機:蘭尼斯特家族

  • will be hit harder than anyone which will make winter a little bit warmer for the rest

    將會比任何人都嚴重的被痛打一番,讓這寒冬對我們其他人都變得溫暖

  • of us.

    一些

I've combined my two passions: economics and Game of Thrones to come up with an economic

我將我熱愛的兩件事:經濟及權力遊戲結合成

字幕與單字
已審核 字幕已審核

影片操作 你可以在這邊進行「影片」的調整,以及「字幕」的顯示

B1 中級 中文 英國腔 債務 王室 經濟 指頭 財政 家族

從權力遊戲看經濟學 (Game of Thrones: Economics of Westeros)

  • 11126 1073
    gotony5614.me97 發佈於 2017 年 09 月 24 日
影片單字