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  • Our brain can potentially memorize 2.5 petabytes of information, which is roughly the equivalent of 3 million hours of YouTube videos.

    我們的腦袋有潛力儲存 2.5PB 的資訊,約等於 YouTube 上三百萬小時的影片。

  • In order to use some of that staggering capacity a little more effectively when you learn, here are some tips that are based on widely accepted research by neuroscientists and learning experts."Spaced Repetition".

    為了在讀書的時候發揮一些這驚人的能力,我們根據神經科學專家普遍認可的研究,找出了一些讀書的小技巧。「間隔重複」。

  • To maximise your learning, study short but often.

    為了讓學習最大化,讀書要讀得短但頻繁。

  • Neuroscientist proved that synapses, the million billion connectors in your brain that make you remember and understand stuff, grow mainly at night when you are asleep.

    科學家證實,神經突觸,也就是腦袋裡幫助你記憶和理解的上百億個神經元,主要在夜晚睡覺的時候生成。

  • This means that it is more productive to study regularly with sleeping breaks in between.

    也就是說,更有效的學習方式是規律的讀書夾雜著休息時的睡眠。

  • Try it!

    試試吧!

  • Practice something for 15 minutes every day and you'll be surprised by your progress within just weeks.

    每天花十五分鐘做一件事,幾個禮拜內所達成的效果會讓你驚豔。

  • Find Your Own Style

    「找到自己的方法」

  • While listening to the history teacher, Tom scribbles images and Jane finishes 1 kilo of nuts.

    上歷史課的時候,Tom 會畫下圖片,Jane 會吃一公斤的核桃。

  • Some enjoy watching videos over reading books, others study with friends and some like sitting in silence among a million books.

    有些人更喜歡看影片,有些人喜歡跟朋友一起讀書,也有些人喜歡在書堆裡面安靜地讀書。

  • Everybody is different.

    每個人都不一樣。

  • Good Night Sleep

    「好好睡覺」

  • Sleep and dreams are vital to processing and storing new information.

    睡覺和做夢對處理及儲存新資訊十分關鍵。

  • A Harvard study showed that students who had a good night’s sleep remembered their study materials 35 percent better than those who studied in the morning to take a test in the evening.

    一個哈佛大學的研究顯示,一夜好眠的學生,在傍晚的考試中比早起讀書的學生多記了百分之三十五的內容。

  • Focus!”

    「專注!」

  • If you tend to procrastinate, which means that you tend to switch from doing something hard like studying maths to something easy like browsing the web, protect yourself from distraction.

    如果你習慣拖拖拉拉,也就是習慣逃避做算數學之類困難的事,並轉而做上網這類簡單的事,那請你把持自己不要分心

  • One way of doing this is to shut down your mobile phone or go to a quiet place like a library.

    有個方法是關掉你的手機,或是去圖書館這類安靜的地方。

  • Pomodoro Technique

    「番茄工作法」

  • Set a timer to 25 minutes when you focus entirely on your studies.

    設鬧鐘讓自己專注讀書二十五分鐘

  • When the timer rings, relax for 5 minutes.

    鈴響了之後就休息五分鐘。

  • If you want to continue just set the timer again.

    若是要繼續讀書,就再設定一次鬧鐘。

  • The small breaks in between are relaxing and motivating to keep going.

    間隔的片刻休息可以讓你放鬆,並且鼓舞你繼續前進。

  • Hard Stuff First

    「難事優先」

  • Do the things that are difficult first.

    先做困難的事。

  • Because if you are like most people, you have the strongest willpower in the morning.

    如果你跟大部分的人一樣,你在早上會有最強的意志力。

  • Once you are done with the hard stuff, you will feel better for the rest of the day and probably more motivated to get other things done.

    只要你完成了困難的事,這天剩下的時間你都會覺得神清氣爽,甚至更有動力完成其他事情。

  • Exercise, meditate and converse

    「運動、冥想和交談。」

  • There are a few activities proven to grow your brain, however physical exercise, regular meditation and good conversations apparently do exactly that.

    許多活動都被證實幫助腦袋生長,而運動、規律的冥想和良好的溝通更有顯著的作用。

  • They lead to the creation of new neurons inside your brain and therefore grow its potential.

    他們使腦內特定的神經細胞生成,因此增加腦袋的能力。

  • Go Places!”

    「出門!」

  • You can create deeper memories of a subject by learning in a richer environment that offers more visual clues.

    在富有視覺刺激的多元環境中學習,你就可以對事物有更深層的記憶。

  • In an experiment two groups of students had to remember random words.

    在一項實驗中,兩組學生需要記住幾組隨機的字詞。

  • One group changed the classroom while studying, the other didn't.

    一組在讀書的時候換教室,另一組則不。

  • The group that studied in two different rooms (one was small and windowless, the other big and bright) was 40% more likely to recall the words later.

    在兩間不同教室讀書的那組 (其中一間教室狹窄而沒有窗戶,另一間又大又明亮) 能背出字詞的機率高了百分之四十。

  • Take Fun Seriously

    「認真地玩」

  • Whatever it is, find a fun way to practice.

    不論是何事,找一個有趣的方法去練習。

  • Modern learning science believes that positive emotions are very important for increasing your learning potential.

    當代科學相信,正向情緒攸關著學習潛能的增加。

  • So do yourself a favour and have a good time!

    所以讓自己好好享樂吧!

  • Space Your Studies

    「間隔讀書時間」

  • In order to remember things for a longer time, repeat the material in spaced intervals.

    如果想記住事物記得更久,那就在間隔一段時間後複習

  • Facts or vocabularies, for example, are best learned if you review them the first time 1-2 days after the initial study and then again after 1 week and after 1 month.

    例如事件和單字,你能把他們記得最清楚,只要你在學習新知的一兩天後複習一次,接著在一個禮拜和一個月後各複習一次。

  • “30% Read 70% Recite

    「讀三成,背七成」

  • If you have one hour to learn to recite a poem or prepare for a speech, spend 20 Minutes of the time on studying the text and 40 minutes on practicing to recite.

    假設你有一個小時可以背誦一篇詩詞或準備一篇演講,花二十分鐘閱讀內容,四十分鐘練習背誦。

  • This ratio usually leads to the best results.

    這樣的比例通常可以帶來最大的效益。

  • In the case of an emergency, put a glass of water next to you.

    緊急的時候,放一杯水在旁邊

  • Take a sip whenever you lose it.

    忘詞的時候就喝一小口水。

  • Instant Self-Test

    「立即自我測試」

  • After you study finish up with a quick quiz.

    當你讀完書,用一個自我小考來做結束。

  • Immediate recall in form of a test or a short summary on what you've just learned can increase retention by as much as 30%.

    快速回想考試內容或你學到的東西的概要,這可以讓記憶增加到百分之三十。

  • Because it's much harder for your brain to reflect than to read, that extra effort creates deeper traces in your memory.

    因為對大腦來說,回想比閱讀難許多,這樣額外的努力讓你的記憶更加深刻。

  • Don't Force it

    「不要勉強」

  • Motivation is like hunger.

    動力就像飢餓感。

  • You cannot force yourself to be motivated just like you can't tell someone else to be hungry.

    你沒辦法強迫自己充滿動力,就像你無法告訴某人要感到飢餓。

  • So if you are not hungry right now, don't worry.

    所以如果你現在不餓,別擔心。

  • Take a break and do something else.

    休息一下,做點別的事。

Our brain can potentially memorize 2.5 petabytes of information, which is roughly the equivalent of 3 million hours of YouTube videos.

我們的腦袋有潛力儲存 2.5PB 的資訊,約等於 YouTube 上三百萬小時的影片。

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B1 中級 中文 美國腔 讀書 腦袋 記憶 複習 教室 飢餓感

怎麼讀書才有效?13 個科學家證實的小撇步! (13 Study Tips)

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    韓澐 發佈於 2018 年 08 月 30 日
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