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  • At first glance, three year old Maya appears to be a perfectly normal little girl.

  • She's confident, cheerful, and mischievous.

  • But when people spend time with her, they realize something's missing.

  • "Maya, can you tell me how old you are and where you're from?"

  • Her voice, Maya, has selective mutism.

  • Maya can speak, but in front of most people, she chooses not to.

  • "Would you like *food*?"

  • Instead, she resorts to noises and gestures to communicate.

  • *child speaks in home video*

  • "I think she started being selectively mute about a year ago."

  • "She stopped talking to people that were acquaintances of ours."

  • "If we bumped into people in the supermarket or wherever, she would just go quiet."

  • "Then, close friends she's just suddenly stopped talking to."

  • "And then within the last four months, she's stopped talking to grandparents...um...in fact, everyone."

  • "You're not gonna do Hickory Dickory Dock with me?"

  • *child shakes head, makes noise*

  • "Why not? Would you like to go home?"

  • *child nods*

  • What's baffled Maya's parents is that when she's on her own,

  • with her immediate family, not only does she talk,

  • but she's an extremely confident and chatty little girl.

  • Brother: "Hello Maya, what are you?"

  • "I...I'm...I'm a elephant!"

  • Brother: "Is it fun to be a elephant?"

  • "Yes! Look at this trunk!"

  • "I find it very upsetting. It's like people look her and think, 'Well, can't she talk?'"

  • "Yeah, she can."

  • "They don't see it. They just see this child that says nothing."

  • "Or grunts." "Or grunts."

  • "And uh...and that has been frustrating."

  • "What are you looking for?"

  • *child points and makes noise*

  • "A bear, that's right!"

  • "The key factor about selective mutism

  • is that children can speak fully and freely in one situation,

  • *elephant noise* Maya: "That sound like my elephant!"

  • but not in others."

  • "How come Beauty's wearing a blue dress?"

  • "Selective mutism has been thought of as being a phobia

  • uh...and the child has acute anxiety about the expectation to talk."

  • When there's no expectation to talk during the car journey Maya is extremely chatty and verbal.

  • Maya: "When I grow up I want to be Cinderella and the toothfairy!"

  • "Do you?"

  • "Yes!"

  • Until she realizes that she's arrived at a family friend's home.

  • "We're at Auntie Jennings." "We are at Auntie Jennings."

  • And at that moment, she completely shuts down and becomes silent.

  • "When they're out and about they're constantly on their guard,

  • looking, you can see the sort of watchful, wary looks that they have."

  • "Wondering if people are going to expect them to talk."

  • "Or put demands on them to talk."

  • "So what else are you going to do on your birthday?"

  • "What else are you going to do on your birthday?"

  • "It doesn't make sense to me. I can't make sense of her having this condition."

  • "You used to talk, didn't you?"

  • "shhhhhhhhhhhhh"

  • "Why are we saying 'shhhh' ?"

  • "You have to be quiet!"

  • "I have no idea how the next few years are going to be."

  • "What I'm concerned about is getting the right treatment for her."

  • "Do you think now that you'd like to talk to all these people?"

  • "No."

  • "No?"

  • "Because I just don't know how to talk to all my people."

  • While Maya's parents continue in their search for treatment,

  • another family, who knows exactly what they're going through, are the Hancocks.

  • Their daughter, Luisa, was selectively mute between the ages of 3 and 5.

  • "Towards the age of 3, I realized that something wasn't quite right."

  • "As soon as she went into a group situation with friends, she would remain silent."

  • After extensive research, the couple found Alison Wintgen's Selective Mutism Resource Manual invaluable.

  • "It's helpful to avoid eye contact, which is rather different from how you would normally talk to a child who has difficulty talking."

  • "And to avoid asking them questions."

  • "It's very helpful if people offer a selectively mute child the opportunity to speak but not the expectation to speak."

  • "Sometimes when I'm talking to selectively mute children, I say

  • 'Ooh, I wonder if you might be somebody who likes drawing,

  • or perhaps you'd prefer to do building.'"

  • "But I'm not expecting them to answer."

  • "But they just might."

  • It took 2 1/2 years before Luisa's mom finally noticed that her daughter

  • was starting to show signs of improvement.

  • "It was a real breakthrough. It happened to be on a playdate.

  • We had one of Luisa's friends just around to play as you do

  • and she'd shut the door behind her, which is not unusual

  • And I was downstairs and all of a sudden I thought, 'I'm sure I can hear two voices up there.'

  • I went upstairs. That's Luisa speaking.

  • She's talking to her friend.

  • And for me that was quite an emotional moment."

  • Luisa's journey is testimony that with hard work and support,

  • this unusual condition can be overcome.

  • "I can't imagine to stop talking now."

  • "As I am now a chatterbox, so I just knew I would start talking again."

At first glance, three year old Maya appears to be a perfectly normal little girl.

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B1 中級 澳洲腔

今天早上的選擇性突變症 (This Morning Selective Mutism)

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    Liao   發佈於 2021 年 01 月 14 日
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