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  • Selective mutism is a unique form of anxiety or social anxiety that typically occurs in childhood.

    選擇性緘默是一種幼兒時期常見焦慮或社交焦慮的特別形式

  • Selective mutism involves a child who does not speak and who will only speak

    選擇性緘默的孩子或許不會說話,又或許因害怕被評判或批評而只在

  • in certain situations for fear of being judged or critic. In many instances children with

    某些情況下才會開口說話。 很多例子顯示

  • selective mutism will speak to peers but they won't speak to adults or sometimes they will

    選擇性緘默的孩子會與同伴說話卻不與大人說話,或是他們有時候會

  • speak to their friends but won't speak with their teachers. Often times these children

    跟朋友說話卻不跟老師說話。 大多時候,這些孩子

  • won't speak at school but they'll speak and be quite rambunctious when they're at home.

    在學校是不開口的,不過在家的時候不但會說話還會有點粗暴

  • Of course selective mutism creates great difficulties in school because it's challenging assessing

    當然,選擇性緘默對學校而言也挺困難,因為在評估孩子的知識

  • the child's knowledge and helping the child when they may not understand what's going on in the class room setting.

    和幫助困惑的孩子上是種挑戰

  • Selective mutism has multiple different treatment strategies and behavioral intervention is key.

    選擇性緘默有多種治療的方式,最重要的是行為干預

  • A child can learn how to speak and be more comfortable

    一個孩子可以學習如何說話和讓自己更舒適,

  • in those environments through a gradual succession of practicing and speaking and positive reinforcement.

    並透過逐步演練和積極加強練習來適應這些環境

  • Selective mutism has a very good prognostic outcome when interventions are immediate.

    當有即時干預的時候,選擇性緘默有非常好的預斷結果

  • It is important to remember that when a child is selectively mute, not to consider them

    非常重要的一點是當孩子是選擇性的沈默時,不要把他們當作是

  • to be shy or rude and it's also important not to put them on spot and insist that they

    害羞或是沒禮貌,千萬不要堅持要他們開口說話為難他們,

  • speak , this often exacerbates their anxiety and makes them even more less apt to speak in that situation.

    這往往加劇他們的焦慮並使他們更不願說話

  • Selective mutism treatment requires the intervention of parents, teachers

    選擇性緘默的治療需要家長們、老師們和專業行為分析師的幫助

  • and behavioral professionals . A collaboration that helps the child learn how to speak through

    他們可以聯合幫助孩子透過小型和漸進式的練習來學習說話

  • small and gradual successions. Selective mutism is rarely understood but these are few facts

    大多數人不太了解選擇性緘默,以上是有關於

  • regarding this anxiety disorder.

    這種焦慮障礙的幾項知識

Selective mutism is a unique form of anxiety or social anxiety that typically occurs in childhood.

選擇性緘默是一種幼兒時期常見焦慮或社交焦慮的特別形式

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B1 中級 中文 Howcast 孩子 焦慮 治療 老師 知識

什麼是選擇性緘默? (What Is Selective Mutism? | Child Psychology)

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    Liao 發佈於 2018 年 02 月 26 日
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